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# How to Learn to Program: An Approach to Programming for Kids

Boosting knowledge about programming is an opportunity for children to start to become familiar with computer science. Learning to program from an early age will allow them to understand the basic principles of how computers work. It will also boost their school performance and, in the future, their opportunities in a digital work environment highly conditioned by the growing demand in the STEM (science, technology, and mathematics) fields.

In this article, we will examine the resources that simplify the teaching of programming and look at what is involved in the introduction to programming.

## What is programming?

Computer programming is the act of creating programs or applications through the development of a source code, which are the instructions that a processor follows to execute a program. This language includes the following key concepts that can be understood by the youngest children:

• Binary code: it is a coding system that allows to generate complex messages only with combinations of zeros and ones.
• Computer language: the type of code or “language” used to write a computer program.
• Algorithm: an ordered set of operations to find the solution to a problem.
• Flowchart: is a graphical method used to explain a given programming and to clearly understand how an algorithm is going to work.
• Loop: a sequence of instructions used to automatically repeat certain steps.
• Conditions: allow you to create decision paths and make a program execute different actions when conditions change.

## How can children internalize these concepts to learn to program?

To teach programming it is important to use simple and dynamic resources that allow the child to understand the basic concepts of this process through everyday examples. With easy and entertaining games, such as defining steps to get out of a maze or solving riddles in binary code, the basic concepts of computer language will be mastered.

Using, knowing, and understanding the main elements of programming will provide children with the necessary resources to learn how to apply them through analysis, decomposition of the solving process into small tasks, identification of patterns, following algorithms, and detecting errors, as well as:

• Understand how computers search and process information.
• Know what a flowchart is and its relevance in programming.
• Carry out simple programming operations

We will start by identifying the basic differences between computer language and human language. Later, we will delve into the computational process itself, showing what binary code is, how data is handled, what loops, conditionals, and flowcharts are.

An example of this is Profuturo’s digital resource for learning to program, which includes the first approach to programming, designed in a simple and interactive way for children between 8 and 10 years old. With the support of the guide with fun and simple activities and dynamics, the approach to programming for the youngest children will be adapted and satisfactory.

Programming is, in short, a key skill that can be initiated smoothly and gradually from childhood. In this way, the development of computational logic is encouraged, favoring the incorporation of children into the scientific and technological sector and favoring the integration of all children into the digital society.

The best way to achieve this is by simplifying the main concepts of this process, which will allow children to easily understand and internalize the different elements and then encourage their application.

Michael Turner

Michael Turner is a study coach and academic writer at the leading essay service. Michael helps students complete assignments and college projects. He also teaches young people to achieve their learning goals efficiently.

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