The most important factors in the success or deterioration of English in the country are the teachers and schools. Even the best curriculum and the most cooperative and educated community will come to naught if the teacher is not capable of using good English. Because of his day-to-day contact with his pupils, his spoken and written English will be the spoken and written English of his pupils. The children, owing to their limited experience, cannot discriminate between correct and wrong English.
The most significant problem of the teachers in teaching English, according to the findings of the study of the author, was the pupils’ poor background of knowledge in English. It was also discovered that the pupils had poor or limited vocabulary. Moreover, English was not spoken outside the classroom, thus, they had a feeling of awkwardness in using the language.
Problems Encountered in the Teaching and Learning of English Recommendations:
To improve the spoken and written English of pupils and the teaching of English, the following recommendations are offered:
ON TEACHERS’ COMPETENCE
1. Continued study is necessary for the advancement of teachers’ professional standing and efficiency. Regular attendance of seminars and in-service training in English such as series of demonstration classes and workshop conferences must be conducted by grade levels in the district. Moreover, they should read professional books and magazines to acquire insights and enrich their professional competence.
2. Teachers should develop skill in teaching English, the willingness to prepare a wealth of instructional materials, a knowledge of the broad characteristics of the pupils’ language and of English structure and a warm friendly attitude that will counter balance the pupils’ lack of knowledge of the language.
3. Teachers should be encouraged to converse in English during meetings and conferences. Likewise, programs and other social gatherings in schools should be emceed in English.
4. All teachers should always speak English with their pupils anywhere at any time.
ON INSTRUCTIONAL PRACTICES
1. In imparting knowledge to the pupils, a combination of several methods and techniques is highly commendable to produce the desirable end-products of teaching.
2. English should be taught through varied and interesting methodology. The presentation of materials should be at the pupils’ level.
3. To insure individualized instruction and active participation of every pupil in the class activities, the enrolment should be limited to twenty to thirty pupils only per class.
4. English teachers should devote more time to remedial teaching in English.
5. Teachers should create a relaxed atmosphere in their classes before beginning an English period.
6. Every school and classroom should have an adequate supply of facilities especially for English learning activities.
7. Mentors should never jump at their pupils every time they make mistakes, thus, inhibiting their pupils from striving to use the language. Mistakes are best corrected in concert drills.
8. It is advisable to conduct diagnostic tests at the beginning of the school year to discover the weakness and special difficulties of children.
9. Schools should evaluate pupils’ records and provide remedial individualized instructor, or other measures if these are deemed necessary for the success of the English program.