Teaching is a profession wherein those engaged in it need to realize that they have to acquire certain competencies. These competencies are to be acquired through learning and practice. Teaching demands basic competencies necessary in carrying out effectively its noble mission of promoting progressive human developments and steady social amelioration. A key impetus for competent teaching is a wholehearted acceptance by the prospective teacher and teachers in service of the sublime and sacred significance of the teaching profession.
The elementary teacher is competent to the extent to which she contributes and cooperates with others in contributing to the all-around development of the learner; encourages and provides for cooperative group thought and action in meeting present-day problems and action in the community.
These functions of the teachers call for definite competencies and characteristics among which are as follows:
1. The elementary teacher should be an excellent person.
She is attractive and well-adjusted. She is calm, assured, and confident but on certain occasion’s gay and carefree. She enjoys people and people want to be with her. She has a fun and help others to have fun. She is entirely concerned in promoting the welfare and happiness of those with whom she works and associates. She accepts the community without prejudice, respects it, and is respected by it.
2. The elementary teacher should be physically fit and should be competent to help the children and the community to be healthy.
An excellent teacher practices the rules of health. She is purposeful and dynamic in her actions. She has no major physical or sensory defects which get in her way of living with the children. She manifests continuous emotional stability. She uses her working hours and leisure time skillfully.
3. The ideal elementary teacher should have broad functional scholarship.
She has a broad understanding of her own culture and its problems and trends. She sees intelligently its relationship to the values held in other cultures and enhances the type of cooperative living which improves her own culture which is contributive to the improvement of then culture of others.
She is realistic about the present social scene. As she grasps its facts and relationships, she improves her own knowledge and strives to help others to become intelligent through considering cooperatively their persistent problems.
4. The elementary teacher should understand and love children.
An understanding teacher sees the learner as a dynamic personality acting as a whole in any situation. She takes every child as unique by himself resulting by the constant interaction of his social, physical and emotional aspects of his growth to his environment. She should fully understand how the child grows and how he learns.
5. The ideal elementary teacher should love and be deeply proud of the teaching profession.
We will not be successful in any undertaking that we have not wholeheartedly accepted. In the same way, we learn a thing only to the degree as we have accepted and lived it. Acceptance creates and develops a positive attitude which is a strong impetus to do just what is right. If the teaching profession is accepted as noble and sublime the road to success is paved.
6. The ideal elementary teacher should grow in the profession.
Education is a continuous process four or more years of pre-service teacher education will be adequate to meet effectively the complex and changing demands of dynamic societies. Under such conditions, the teacher should keep growing in the profession lest she lags behind and finds herself not fit for the job.
The teacher sees professional growth about others and develops the same in herself. She should welcome every opportunity to attend educational exhibits and meetings which are important means of exchanging ideas on problems pertinent to her profession. She should read the best professional literature and continue to study under recognized leaders in the field of education. She should find opportunities to observe educational procedures, techniques, approaches and strategies, in good school systems and seek the guidance of capable people in finding solutions to her problems. She should keep broadening her knowledge in the various fields of study through field trips, travel, work conferences, and participation in socially significant activities as a citizen of the community. The results of the foregoing suggestive activities will be very good bases for the teacher in analyzing knowledge and understanding of the child, the school, and the community.
7. The ideal elementary teacher should improve living in the community.
The teacher should take full responsibility as a citizen and adapt herself to the life of her community. She should attain and maintain proper relationships with its people.
She should see the school as a part of the on-going life of the community. She should identify the growth of children with the conflicts, problems, and institutions that make up the patterns of living.