The role of parents and teachers in interpreting life and the world in general to the child becomes increasingly important in these days of rapid social changes. This is especially true for the Filipino family whose culture to a great extent may be traced to pre-Christian times. The influences by people who came to our shores over the years are also evident and have left their imprint on our ways of living. These and many other factors notably the impact of industrialization and urbanization have created for the present Filipino family certain problems and difficulties.
The home and school more than any other factor should serve as a bulwark to the child who is not adequately prepared to understand the rapidly happening events around him. The home and school should be a haven for the child in these troubled times of wars and conflicts. Parents and teachers owe it to their children to interpret signs of social deterioration. Above all, they should develop a feeling of security and an adequate value judgment so that young people may not succumb to the stresses and strains of present day living.
At this point, I would like to mention some factors that make for crisis in family and school life and which inevitably affect society. Parents and teachers would do well to understand these processes so that they may know how to interpret them to their children.
The following are problems which affect the family and school: drug addiction, juvenile, delinquency, moral laxity among adults, influences of moves, misuse of freedom, parental domination and the revolt of youth, lacked of trained leaders, inadequate housing, unwholesome recreation, working mothers, neglected children, separated families and insufficient educational facilities.
This enumeration is by no means complete. Even today the unjust treatment of Singaporeans of the Filipino OCW’s and other ideological conflicts greatly affect the families of the world particularly ours. The tremendous progress in the race to the moon certainly affect the family ways we have not quite completely figured out. The contest in outer space control also has its counterpart in man’s inner space. The conflicts in man’s heart and soul continue even in the face of tremendous accomplishments toward world unity.
It behooves the family and schools to stand firm in the midst of chaos. The child needs the security of the home and school where he may develop a right sense of values and a right perspective with which to view problems and conflicts. There is reason to believe that a lack of an adequate set of values accounts for much of the delinquent behavior we see and read about today.
Parents and teachers should therefore make their home and school a training ground for character building. It is best environment where the child may learn first the lesson of human individuality and dignity, of responsible freedom and of love. This is the frame of reference whereby parents and teachers must accept their responsibilities toward their children. The unchanging values of love, loyalty, righteousness, fair play, integrity, and other values can only be developed in children when they are able to learn these in the home and school.