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A History of the System of Education in the Philippines – Its Implication for the Present Generation

In the ancient Philippines, children were given the rudiments of education. Such education was both academic and vocation. The father trained his sons to be warriors, hunters, fishermen, miners, lumbermen, and shipbuilders. The mother on her part trained her daughters in cooking, gardening, serving, and other household arts.

It is said that in ancient Panay, there was a barangay school called Bothoan under the charge of the teacher usually an old man. The subjects taught to the children in this barangay school were reading, writing, arithmetic, use of weapons, and lubus (acquiring kinaadman or amulets).

Hence, education during that time was geared toward their needs. Because of colonization by several foreign countries and several historical events, our education underwent several changes although we also retained some of the ancient teachings which are practical even during our time.

With the country’s celebration of independence in 1946, scarcely seven decades ago, have come every aspect of the educational system in line with the new status of a new nation seeking to achieve and maintain political and economic independence and to fashion a nation truly united out of social and cultural diversities.

Introduction of the Western or European System of Education

With the coming of Spain, the European system of education was introduced to the archipelago. Primary schools, colleges, and universities were established in our country by the missionaries.

The principal aim of Spain in the Philippines during their regime was to make the native Filipinos obedient and God-fearing Christians. For this reason, religion was a compulsory subject at all levels – from primary schools to universities.

The first schools were the parochial schools opened by the missionaries in their parishes. In addition to religion, the native children in these schools were taught reading, writing, arithmetic, and some vocational and practical art subjects.

Later on, colleges for boys and girls were opened by the missionaries. These colleges were the equivalent of our high schools today. The subjects taught to the students included history, Latin, geography, mathematics, and philosophy.

There was no co-education during the Spanish times. Boys and girls studied in separate schools.

University education was started in the Philippines during the early part of the 17th century. Originally, the colleges and universities were open only to the Spaniards and those with Spanish blood (mestizos). It was only during the 19th century that these universities began accepting native Filipinos.

It is interesting to note that for nearly 300 years, education in the Philippines was the primary responsibility of the Catholic Church. The missionaries established the schools, provided the teachers and facilities, and decided what should be taught. It was only in the last half of the 19th century that the government took an active part in promoting education in the colony. In 1863, a royal decree called for the establishment of a public school system in the colony.

Education under the Americans

The United States had a different approach dictated by what the Americans considered to be their principal goal in coming to the Philippines – “to educate and to train in the science of self-government.”

Consequently, it was not surprising that the United States considered educating the Filipinos as one of its top priorities in the Philippines. Even while US troops were consolidating their foothold in Manila in 1898, schools were already opened in the city. But unlike the Spaniards who neglected to propagate their language, the Americans made it a point to teach English to the Filipinos. The American soldiers were the first teachers of the Filipinos.

In January 1901, free primary education was provided and a school for Filipino teachers was established. It called for the recruitment of trained teachers in America. It abolished compulsory religious instruction.

The Americans gave bright young Filipino students the opportunity to take up higher education in American colleges and universities. These Filipinos came to be known as “pensionados” for their education in the United States was financed by the government in the Philippines. Hundreds of Filipino pensionados were able to study in the US until 1928. From the ranks of these pensionados came the future civic, business, and political leaders of our country.

Hungry for education, the Filipinos flocked to public and private schools in large numbers.

Education under the Commonwealth

Education continued to receive from the Commonwealth government the same attention that the Americans gave it. President Quezon created the National Council of Education in 1936 as an advisory body on educational matters. The council made important recommendations to further improve the educational system in the Philippines. Most of these recommendations were accepted and carried out by the government.

Under the Commonwealth, vocational and adult education were given emphasis.

It was also during the Commonwealth regime that an organized effort to develop a common national language was started in compliance with the mandate of the 1935 constitution.

To help counteract the American cultural influence among the Filipinos, President Quezon greatly encouraged the revival of native culture as well as desirable Filipino values.

And to help strengthen the moral fibers of the Filipinos and to foster a love of the country especially among the youth, President Quezon issued his famous Code of Ethics which was required to be taught in all schools.

In 1940, several changes were made in the Philippine educational system by virtue of the Educational Act of 1940. Under this law, the elementary course was reduced from 7 years to 6 years. The minimum age for admission to Grade I was raised to 7. The school calendar was also changed so instead of the school year from June to March, it was changed to July to April.

Education under the Japanese

Schools and churches were also used as propaganda tools for the Japanese. Nippon-go, the Japanese language, was made a compulsory subject in all schools. In government and private offices, classes in Nippon-go were opened to propagate the Japanese language and culture. Japanese Catholic priests were sent to the Philippines to help promote the idea that Japan, being an Asian country, was a friend of all Asian people’s including the Filipinos.

The Iloilo Experiment

In 1948. Dr. Jose V. Aguilar, the Superintendent of the Iloilo school division initiated a six-year experiment with vernacular instruction in his school division. The experiment involved seven control schools where English was used as the medium of instruction in Grades 1 and 2 and seven experimental schools where the vernacular, Hiligaynon, was used as the instructional medium. This was controversial. As late as 1963, the Dean of the College of Education, Xavier University on the island of Mindanao, observed that the vernacular instruction was not producing maximum results. It was curtailing full instructional benefit. Instead of narrowing the regional gaps of the country, it was widening it and was producing dangerous trends towards regional and cultural imbalance.

Educational Thrust of the New Society and Today

It was assumed that the most fundamental objective of education is the development of an individual’s potential which will simultaneously improve society. Educational policies have been geared to the accomplishment of better manpower production through the understanding by the students of land reform, taxation, economic production, anti-drug and anti-pollution, and conservation education. To accomplish these goals, value and work-oriented curricula were encouraged. However, many parents and teachers were still confused because they did not understand the philosophy, operations, and evaluations of this innovation in education. The concept of an average layman or teacher in the “new society” was always associated with the advent of Martial Law. This must be redirected to a functional definition of wholesome integration of our economic, social, and moral lives for the progressive Philippines. The direction of education as envisioned by our educators can be best described by the following changes:

  1. A relevant and flexible curriculum. Educational content is focused on the need of society which is for sound economy. This means better knowledge in skills and food production, conservation of natural resources, technical knowledge in harnessing mineral deposits and less emphasis on white collar jobs which result only in producing the “educated unemployed.”
  2. Productive-coordinated technocrats. The inevitable reorganization of the Department of Education (DepEd) was a response to these needs. For centuries, our educational system generally operated on a system of isolation where the Bureau of Public, Private and Vocational Education worked almost independently and promoted secrecy and privacy instead of attaining harmony for the good of our country.
  3. A quality teacher with effective methods of teaching. To teach effectively, the teacher must have the solid foundations in terms of educational training from reputable institutions, update his method of teaching by reading and attending conferences, and should have the courage of trying out various means or ways of maximizing learner. To do this, it becomes necessary to understand the psychology of pupils and to be able to communicate with them in teaching-learning situations. The increase in teachers’ pay should be a strong justification for the better policy on the recruitment and retention of teachers.

Every time changes in our educational system occur to search for the solution for our educational ills, some pressure groups interfere and say it is “unrealistic and expensive,” which is not a valid reason. Courage and energy for action should be sustained to invigorate the lives of the citizenry.

After four centuries and a half of being a colony of Spain, America, and Japan, the concern of the Filipino educators and policymakers is the Filipinization of the Filipinos and Filipino institutions. Alejandro Roces, while holding office as the Secretary of Education, voiced this concern:

WHAT THE PHILIPPINES NEEDS IS A REALISTIC EDUCATIONAL SYSTEM ADAPTABLE TO LOCAL CONDITIONS

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135 thoughts on “A History of the System of Education in the Philippines – Its Implication for the Present Generation”

  1. The Philippines experience with the different colonialism of different countries throughout the centuries left an impression towards our people and our understanding of the importance of acquiring education for our fellow countrymen. The history, that for others consider as horrible times for the Filipinos, we have endured introduced us to the different ways and strategies that we could educate ourselves in a global standard and as such, we have become better than before and have achieved an educational status that we could not only compete with the education of other countries but be ahead of them in all fields. Thus, our continuing perseverance even in the face of ridicule of not only other countries, but also our own people, we strive to reach an end goal of where the best way of education could be provided to all without any hassle or problems regardless of a person’s ethnicity, belief, culture, and social status.

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  2. The Philippines had struggled so much from different colonizers of the world. But the best part could be the influence of the educational system from the Spanish, Japanese, and the Americans. This nation’s taught as much in terms of education. We could also really tell that some of the Philippine history might be erased but colonization affects so much of the literature of the Philippines, because, through colonization we develop our own literature. Our literature is based on the people or group of people that conquered us like Spaniards, Japanese, and Americans. Our traditional traits are also based on the colonizers like fiesta and others. It also includes our language. We know that some of our language (Filipino) is based on Spanish words. All in all, this serves as a bond between us and the other group civilizations throughout the world. The Spaniards brought the western culture and attached it into the Philippines, then the Filipinos were slowly influenced by their culture which influenced their way of thinking. Slowly, the Spaniards introduced their own philosophy of life, habits, language, clothing, games, religion, arts, music and even the way of cooking. Then when the other colonies came, they also did the same.

    Onto the educational system, the Philippines adapted the Americanize curriculum in which today I could really tell that there is so much struggle coping up with the learnings in the far-flung area. Learners should adapt the curriculum, but we know resources are not there. For over the last 60 years, Education in the Philippines has reached the top over other East Asian countries. The country had the highest rate of literacy, basic education completion, secondary education, and higher education. The administration during this time was very visionary for the improvement of the country. Years later, it was a puzzle that the Philippines failed to sustain its education system. Until such time as 2000 came, the Philippines even lagged on the second phase of the rapid development of other East Asian countries.

    There is no perfect educational system. But as a future administrator, it is so hard to teach without passion. A lot of problems we are facing in our current situation. Let’s begin the change within ourselves in living the professional standards as educators. Let us believe somehow that our education would rise in victory.

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  3. The Philippine Educational System had been influenced and evolved by its colonial history. The colonization made a great impact on how our current educational system was patterned, established, and structured. Several changes were made over time as it aims to develop an educational system that caters to the needs and demands of society. The massive influence of the colonization mirrored the development of our country’s educational system.

    During pre-ancient times and early years of colonization, education was just privileged of the few but now it was a right of every Filipino to receive and acquire education. Education in the country was geared up to attain global competency. Our government is focused on expanding and ensuring more Filipinos enjoy the right to education as it aims to develop and hone better-skilled individuals. As our country strived to produced globally competitive individuals, our government should invest in our education to create quality and sufficient facilities for all the learners as well as better curriculums to address literacy gaps. Education must be given top priorities among others. When education will be prioritized, better Philippines with fully equipped individuals will arise and economic growth will follow.

    -Ronel S. Deloso

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  4. The article titled “A History of the System of Education-Its Implication to Present Generation” is an impactful article that sheds light on the dynamics manifested by the Philippine Educational system. The information conveyed were brief yet substantial and I commend the way author/s structured the articles as it was clear, understandable and can easily be navigated.

    As deciphered on the content of the article, one highly applauded concept about Philippine education system is that it is responsive to the needs of the society and adaptive to the demands of time. As history would tell us, the teachings in the ancient times are related to survival skills which were deemed as essential for the people to thrive. Seeing the need to go beyond basic survival skills, our educational system adapted to a broader and complex educational goal. From the specific demands incurred forcefully or naturally by our colonizers to societal and universal pressures in responding to Science and technology advancement, I can say that our educational system is sincere enough in complying with the demands of changes.

    Unfortunately, there is no such thing as a perfect educational system. While it is highly commendable that we recognize the lapses and limitations in the process of substantiating what are expected from our educational system, I believe that mere recognition is not enough and that there is a call to employ impactful, sincere, and goal-oriented actions to remedy the lapses and limitations observed. There is a need for our educational system to somehow formulate a concrete basis of its meaningfulness and efficiency not just through mere papers. A highly centralized educational system should never be fostered as it there will never be a one-size fits all possibility in our country.

    The challenge I am posing comes with a positive view that someday somehow, our educational system will rise triumphantly in the challenge of producing impactful, globally competitive and highly empowering results.

    John Louie P. Guimaras, LPT
    MAED-ELT 1

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  5. Education is the foundation in building a good nation with productive citizens. As the Philippines is a country who governed/colonialized by different countries, the education system is called generation to generation.
    During ancient history of the Philippines, Filipinos had their own system of education. Parents were the first teacher of their children. That time, some individuals shared their effort taught children academically. The education system of the Philippines has been influenced by the country’s colonial history. This history included the period of Spanish, America and Japanese rule and occupation. Colonialization brought Filipinos different aspects in life. They were religiously nurtured, academic, political and self-governance. During American regime, American soldiers were the first teacher, they introduced English as the primary language of instruction. Under the Commonwealth Government President Manuel L. Quezon issued his famous Code of Ethics which was required to be taught in school.
    In the present day, the United States continues to influence the Philippines education system, as many of the country’s teachers and professors have earned advanced degrees from United States universities. Our government implemented different programs to upgrade the level of education in the Philippines. As far as I know, from BEC and now in the present is the K-12 curriculum implementation in the Department of Education. Many trainings and seminars conducted to enhance and equip teachers’ ability in teaching aligned on the curriculum implemented. Programs, resolutions and proposals endorsed in accordance with education system but the problem is the sincerity of the implementation.
    We teachers, are the one responsible to build and establish a better nation.

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  6. The Philippine Education today is the mirror of the ancient history of education. At the age of colonialization our education system is not enough for personal development. Prior the colonialization Filipinos were focusing their children in manual works and other livelihood activities.
    When Philippines colonialized by the different countries, the education system was improve. During the Spanish regime, they introduced their education system, they were also taught the Filipinos about Christianity. As the missionaries conducted religious teaching they also taught the learners on reading, writing and other academic subjects.
    The American regime considered their main purpose in colonizing the Philippines to educate in political ways. They emphasized their teaching as the English Language is the medium of instruction, as the American soldiers were the first teacher. The Code of Ethics was taught in all schools during the Commonwealth regime under President Manual L. Quezon.
    In our current system the Department of Education addresses all citizens/parents are obliged to send their children in school inorder to educate. Education is important because it helps people become better citizens, get a better-paid job, shows the difference between good and bad. It shows us the importance of hardwork and it helps us grow and develop. Thus, we are able to shape a better society to live in by knowing and respecting rights laws and regulations.

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  7. As I have read the article I have realized that the beginning of the Philippine Education system has been through a lot. Spain aim the Philippines during their regime was to make the native Filipinos obedient and God-fearing Christians. For this reason, religion was a compulsory subject at all levels – from the primary schools to the universities until now we still used to it, we continuously to survive the battles of education specially now a days that we face the pandemic the education is very difficult because no face to face it is hard to the children, some low areas that the internet is difficult and same no gadgets to used, but because of our dreamed even pandemic we need to survive for our future. Educators of today are very optimistic that with the learners and the country at the top of our priority we can win the impending war against ignorance in its many forms. The educational system in the past was geared towards the needs of the people we still taught to read, writing arithmetic and some vocational and practical arts that very useful to our children its easy to employ if you finish vocational course. Now the present generation experience quality and equal access to education. In fact, we first handedly experienced the reform of education systems. Example the shift from the use of the Basic Education Curriculum to the k-12 curriculum.
    Drawn from the different experiences evident by our History, I believe that change is necessary and essential to meet the demands and needs of the changing world.

    Reply
  8. The article is quite thorough. It displays the various objectives, educational systems, legal mandates, training, instructional media, and other associated item in each age.

    The Philippine educational system, like that of other countries, has undergone various changes. It simply means that education is a never-ending process; from a basic approach to a more comprehensive and realistic one. It discussed the various degrees of improvement and tactics, emphasizing the importance of diverse learning.

    From the beginning of the Republic to the present, education has prioritized not only the welfare of students but also the well-being of educators and teachers. Various laws and ordinances have been passed to ensure the delivery of high-quality education. Teachers were also required to follow a code of conduct and become more professional.

    In my opinion, different colonializations, namely the Spanish, Americans, and Japanese, have had an impact on our educational system. Furthermore, the Department has also done things properly and efficiently for its betterment.

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  9. The article gave us so much information of how our education starts.These influences and changes in making our quality education have really helped in improving our education system for the brighter future to our learner’s.This article also made me realize that as a teacher, we can do much better in educating our learner’s knowing that we have a lot of
    chances,tools,and resources to use.But still we are thankfull with our history because we all know that without our past history we are nothing or we dont know where to starts in educating our learner’s.

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  10. In the Article, the Philippines had a long colonial History. Spain colonized the Philippines after which United States control Philippines. The Americans controlled the country until they handed over to the commonwealth of the Philippines then also the Japanese.

    The article made me think on the different influences of other countries had brought into our Educations System as we adopted from what they have started. We learned from Spaniards to be obedient and God-Fearing Person. Americans teach us English to Filipino. The Japanese people made us learn their languages. Since, Our Education System came through. Thus, we are able to shape a better society to live in by knowing and respecting rights, laws, and regulations. Education plays an important role in the development of an individual and making him a knowledgeable citizen. It is the education that makes an individual self-reliant, helps to suppress the social evils and contribute towards the development of the society and nation as a whole.

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  11. Life has its own history and that history changes, fades and improves just like the Educational System of the Philippines, it had a long colonial history. And these histories should have to be reflected and know how and what kind of education of our country have had before.

    For more than three hundred years of being colonized and governed with different countries, the Philippines Educational System has constantly undergone reform. But every educational system had its own contribution that have been geared to the fulfillment and implementation for the betterment of the education.

    Thus, the common goal of the past and today’s educational system is that the learners must be equipped, skilled and potential individuals. Aside from these, molding the learners to be God- fearing is also given much attention, hence, Edukasyon sa Pagpapakatao (ESP) is one of the subjects being taught. Furthermore, English as the medium of instruction is adapted in our educational system to help Filipinos communicate globally.

    In addition to, these changes of system were developed also according to any proponents of education who perennially shared their greatest concepts, methods, strategies, and values in teaching.

    Nevertheless, the educational system before has paved the way to have an enhanced, improved, and upgraded in today’s education which it is equally accessible to all and the learners is the top priority and no one should left behind.

    – Sacchine N. Atis

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  12. The article toured us through the plains and valleys of the history of the Philippine educational system to help us understand and be more appreciative of its development through the years, and how it affected our present generation.
    Like any other country and culture, we went through gender-based education wherein the boys were taught with the drudgery like hunting, fishing, mining and the likes, while girls were assigned different household chores that more or less for the service of the male populace. Be that as it may, those informal education were tools needed to survive and flourished at that time. In the much more formal education, though it is not mentioned in the article, I believe that even when the 3 R’s were being taught to the children, they were mostly for the boys and a very few select girls, if at all.
    And our educational system underwent changes brought about by colonization. From the Spaniards’ a-must religious to American’s public school curricula, then to the Japanese’s all-Filipino or Nippongo (just not English) medium of instruction, these made our education and culture more colorful and expansive.
    Our history of education indicates a necessity to continuously pursue means in delivering quality education for globally competitive learners/citizens and for the betterment of the Filipino nation. Our curriculum changes to answer the call of time thus higher education and vocational agencies had long been formed. Much more so when our economy takes a dive and Filipinos need to work abroad, TESDA is commissioned to equip the workers with skills for competence, again the education tools for survival.
    To end, oppression and exploitation undeniably happened during the three colonial periods but these made us what we are now; firm but resilient, strong yet compassionate, and unbelievably intelligent and gifted. Politically, those may be the dark years for Filipinos but education wise, do we honestly prefer other races to colonize us? From a woman’s perspective, my Philippines is a haven for women when it comes to equality in education, job opportunity and suffrage.

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  13. This article enlighten my mind how was education system in the Philippines during ancient time.From ancient Filipino educators who educate their child both academic and vocational,to the different colonisers who introduce their language,th Iloilo experiment that was controversial and the Philippine Education as of today,a product of concern Filipino educators and policy makers for the betterment of Philippine Education.

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  14. According to Jill Biden ” Education doesn’t just make us smarter. It makes us a whole.Education plays a vital role in each our lives as an individual through these we can combat the challenges that may come into our way.
    Thus,as we go back in the Phlippine History of Education System it is indeed like a ladder that each day had passed the education system had change eventually.This is through the colonizer they impacted a lot in the education system they did not want that Filipinos will remain as it is to be.There is so much in education thay they can offer not only in the pace of the household chores or other livelihood job.They see to it that Filipinos will see education as an oppurtunity to make thier lives more even productive to live.
    Nowadays,education rises as of what is the need of the society today. The Department of Education take at its peak to complete globally that is why K- to 12 Curriculum had been adopted in our country to produce a learner that is competent enough to conquere globally.Now that we are facing the pandemic the Department of Education find it ways to continue the education of the learners.Despite of the challenges encountered during this time of pandemic in the education system.The Department see to it that learning will not be compromise.

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  15. I am somehow glad after reading this article , knowing the information about the different systems of education during each colonization.
    I may say that Spanish colonization is not bad at all though revolution arises during this regime because we, Filipinos, were being deprived of our rights and freedom. In fact some Filipinos were able to study and that they learned how to read and right. Spaniard taught us to be a God-fearing individual and up to this time we still give life to their culture and that is their religion “The Roman Catholic Faith”.

    Bringing us into a world of FREEDOM was the American colonization. They gave importance to education wherein they emphasize as what John F. Kennedy said” not everyone has equal abilities but everyone should have equal opportunity for Education. They taught us how to use and speak the universal language “ENGLISH” and of course inculcating Politics in the system.
    Today’s education system somewhat resembles to the American. We still use English as our medium of instruction. This system taught us not just academically but to be a well-rounded individual. We are becoming more globally competitive in the quest of knowledge.

    All in all, the kind of educational system we have now is the product/part of the education system we have yesterday. Looking back those times with our colonizers let’s not hate them instead appreciate them regardless of their hidden agenda upon colonizing our beloved country. Let us try to reflect what would our life be without their contributions and teachings.Education is not static , it is a dynamic one. All we have to do is to look back and embrace the changes happened.

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  16. Heraclitus, a philosopher once said, “The only thing that is constant is change”, and so with our System of Education in Philippines which is necessary to adapt to the changing times. This article actively demonstrate that the system of Education we have in the present time is the product/result of the past.

    With the methods of teaching, opening a primary education, introducing their beliefs and cultures, giving Filipinos a chance to take up higher education, I am somehow thankful to colonizers for bringing positive impact in education. We were able to adapt their teachings, beliefs, and culture but as Filipinos we must not forget the Filipinization as we go through changes in time. However, it was just so sad that as generation pass by changing values also took place. Thus, President Quezon made a contribution to the Philippine education through an executive order that aims to give emphasis in strengthening moral values and regaining Filipino character that is not bounded by colonial influences.

    To meet the needs and standards in the changing society in 21st century, Philippine education adapted a new curriculum, the K-12 curriculum which aims globally competitive Filipinos. As part in the education sector, I will strive hard to deliver education at its best even in the most trying times and be part in the history of making K-12 curriculum, leave a big impact in the System of Education in Philippines. Moreover, I hope that education managers and policy makers will find ways to sustain the resources needed so that positive change would be possible.

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  17. The Philippine Educational System was greatly influenced by many colonizers from different countries and leave not only their culture but also the lessons and learnings which most of the Filipinos are living today.

    Aside from the fact that we, Filipinos, in some way, adapt some cultures from them, we also are still influenced by other countries on this time. Even if we have their cultures, traditions, & beliefs, we need to remember to remain as Filipinos-living like Filipinos, and still practicing the traditions of the Filipino people.

    I believe that without them, our Education here in Philippines wouldn’t be this unique and good for somehow they contributed a lot to our educational system. And I know through knowing & understanding the past will lead us to a greater development and if we can impart properly to our learners the lessons and the past experiences, it will not become a barrier in making our learners succeed in education but will eventually make this as an inspiration to continue learning and embrace change.

    As of today, experiencing this Pandemic, and as an educator, we need to take this as a challenge for us to do better. We may have some difficulties in preparing & making this modular learning a success, but if we exert more effort and not stop persevering, our sacrifice will soon reap the fruit of our labor.

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  18. Heraclitus, a philosopher once said, “The only thing that is constant is change”, and so with our System of Education in Philippines which is necessary to adapt to the changing times. This article actively demonstrate that the educational system we have in the present time is the product/result of our past.

    I am somehow thankful to the colonizers for bringing a positive impact in the education in our country. We were able to adapt almost everything and their culture but as Filipinos we must not forget the Filipinization as we go through the changes in time.

    As of this date, with the K-12 curriculum which aims globally competitive Filipinos, I will strive hard to produce education at its best even in the most trying times and be part in the history of making the K-12 curriculum, leave a big impact in the educational system in the Philippines.

    -Sarte, Julie Mae

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  19. For us to fully comprehend on to how and why we came up with the educational system that we have at present, it is important that we must take a look of what has happened in the past and trace the history and roots on all of this. This article has been helpful in taking us back through a timeline on what our ancestors and government has gone through in the pursuit of attaining quality, culture-based, and unbiased educational system. The influence that we had from our colonizers made a huge impact not just on our educational system but also to our culture, beliefs and even our lifestyle up until now. Thus, our educational system is dynamic.

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  20. The introduction of the article clearly describes a masculinity and feminity in terms of education in ancient Philippines. In other words, education is selective and limited. Education given at this time was according to the needs of the Filipinos. Until colonization contribute a great changes in our educational system, and more changes politically, economically, socially and in culture when independence was granted. There were privileges in education provided to Filipinos but only those who will qualify the standards can benefit.
    Truly Philippine education has been a mixed of different influences and education in religion, politics, economics,social and culture adapted from foriegn countries colonized the Philippines (because of its natural resources).
    The article shows how Philippine educational system have developed during the colonization period. From basic education (skill) learnt to a much broader and wider education. Although the experience from colonizers were not quite convenient because its laborious and burdensome to others and somewhat bias, because not all has the chance to avail the privileges but then later on education was set for everybody.
    Education curriculum in the Philippines is revised from time to time. K-12 curriculum is even adapted from other countries. But then this is to enhance the educational system of the Philippines to produce 21st century graduates equipped with the core of values and lifelong competencies they need to contribute to societal development and nation building.

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  21. Education in the Philippines has undergone several stages of development from the pre-Spanish times to the present. This article shows that the system of education in our country has been highly influenced by the colonizers; the Spanish, American, and Japanese regimes. Although their ways of teaching are different the essence of learning is still there. What I like the most is the influence of the Americans, for our country witnessed a marked improvement in education. They brought many cultural and traditional changes to the country during their colonization. Free primary education was provided and a school for Filipino teachers was established. They also allowed bright young Filipino students the opportunity to take up higher education in American colleges and universities. Their colonization shows love to our country that until today we still embraced what we learned at that time.
    We all know that the Philippine educational system aims for nothing but the best and the betterment of our education. Our government has been reforming our educational system to improve the quality of our education. This K-12 program is one of the great curricular reforms in our educational system for us to become globally- competent individuals, to provide sufficient time for mastery of concepts and skills, develop lifelong learners, and prepare graduates for tertiary education.
    As a part of the changes of our Education System, I need to develop my methods of teaching, that is to become effective by attending more pieces of training for me to have a solid foundation in the teaching-learning process.
    As Nelson Mandela said, a former President in South Africa, ”Education is the most powerful weapon to change the world.” Throughout his long life and even his imprisonment, Mandela made a point to keep educating himself – seeing learning as an escape from his confines. It helps us to remind that whatever Educational System we experienced here in the Philippines, let us all remember that through education, we can change the world.

    Reply
  22. Education in the Philippines has been through a lot of changes from early settlers to the present. Education is of great importance because it’s a main avenue for us FILIPINOS to achieve our social and economic success. The Philippines recently experienced a major renovation of its education system, spreading basic education from 10 to 13 years to bring it in line with the education systems of other Asian countries. As a result, young graduates in the Philippines are becoming progressively competitive in the jobs market, both at home as well as abroad. Here, we take a look at education in the Philippines, from pre-colonial times to the present day. Fundamental to the K-12 changes was the provision of one year of kindergarten schooling for every child in the Philippines, which is done before elementary school. Elementary school in the Philippines covers grades 1-6. Education in the Philippines has come a long way since pre-colonial times. While the standard of education is high, young would-be graduates can always benefit from expanding their knowledge. With these they can enhance their employability when their ready to enter the world of work. To assist in selecting a learning track, students endure assessments to determine their strengths and interests. These include an aptitude test, a career assessment exam and activities designed to help the student to choose their specialization. The tracks that are offered vary by the resources available in the area and the interests of the students. Though the age of time the education of the Philippines now touches the matters of globalization, conflict resolution and even networking.
    Finally the products of the Philippine Educational System is now ready to compete globally and even in the first world countries.

    Reply
  23. Learning the history of education will help you to understand the strengths and weaknesses of previous endeavors and various educational philosophies. The Philippine education system is based on the American system where English is the medium of instruction. Along with academics social and cultural aspects are also cherished by the Philippine schools. Culture is the foundation of education, sustainable development, and governance in culture-based education. It can provide people with strategies to help them think through complex issues. This article really helped us to trace back how education started in this world. In this generation, access to quality education is possible with the help of our government, so the challenge today is how an individual learns the content being taught by their teacher and the values as well.

    Reply
  24. This article opens a door for me to understand the system of education in the Philippines since the day we were under by the colonizers until we got our freedom to choose the education system we want to have in our own country. Education will be considered as the backbone of the country for without it our country would become paralyze and that cause the Philippines to be a pitiful one. Even a lot of foreigners known as colonizers who had influenced the system of education the Philippines which gave both positive and negative effect to the Filipino people but still, we owe them for making us knowledgeable about what they have imparted us, especially our Filipino ancestors during their time. The cultures, beliefs we got from them also lead us to develop our language and numeric literacy. Also, we got the idea of being a religious people as we believe God Almighty until this generation.

    Above all systems of education being mentioned, what I appreciated the most was the Americans because they’re not only educating us, but they have the heart to teach Filipinos know the English language. Not just only to know it but also to acquire it. That started Filipino to have our own educators and given a chance to impart knowledge to other Filipinos. It’s the beginning of new hope that those Filipino professionals became the future civic, business, and political leaders of our country.

    At the end of reading the article, it drawn a vivid conclusion into my mind that, Filipinos are brave and strong despite the circumstances of not giving an equal treatment in terms of education of some colonizers but still Filipinos bravely taking steps to gain freedom of education in our own land.
    In this 21st century, Filipinos have the chance to adapt the new curriculum, K-12 Curriculum which make Philippines globally competitive. To Filipino educators, we must waste the freedom we got. We must be a progressivist in shaping and molding our learners to make them globally competent as well. What is important is that we accept that there was no perfect curriculum rather, we just need to accept that change is inevitable. A change that will lead us to have a better system of education in the Philippines that can create God-fearing, and globally competitive learners.

    Reply
    • The halt of “New Normal” enables the teachers and learners of today to feel grateful because they could not experience the struggles and burdens in the time of Spaniard, American, Japanese, and previous education system. Yet, several influences helped the Philippine Education system grow, but the implementation and strategy used are traumatic.
      The implication of the Philippine Educational System to the present generation brings real risks and new opportunities. It is a total transformation that needs a new kind of leadership to navigate challenges ahead:
      1. Digital technologies around the world empower educators in their mission of developing the next generation of lifelong learners. With an adequate technology foundation and the proper support, teachers and students will enhance learning.
      2. To fulfill their human potential and lead their communities and economies, students must master a foundation of facts and concepts and apply, extend, and expand on that knowledge. Learners must develop 21st-century skills that enable them to work independently as self-driven innovators. They can work collaboratively and respect diverse viewpoints, think critically about new challenges, apply their knowledge in novel situations to solve new problems, communicate via various technologies and methods, and work persistently in the face of complex challenges.
      3. Teacher’s readiness is a critical area for policy formation. When teachers are ready, they can perform miracles. School leaders and teachers need to up-level their skills to inspire and create a structure for teaching and learning.
      4. There is a greater need for educational institutions to strengthen the practices in the curriculum and make it more responsive to the learning needs of the students even beyond conventional classrooms.
      To sum it up, education is affected whether through the people who want to own our land or maybe through authorities’ initiatives. But what’s more important is that our education system tries its best to respond to future challenges.

      Necy Pearl B. Alegro
      MSciEd Physical Science
      Educ 201 : Foundation Of Education
      Prof. Trixie Cubillas

      Reply
  25. The article provided me the rich history of Philippine educative system from the pre-colonization period to the present system. The Philippines, prior to the colonization of Spain, America, and Japan, had already its own educational system. Just like in some countries in the earlier times, there was a big difference in the way children were taught. In the Philippines, the boys were trained to be workers while girls were trained to be servers. This does not sit well in my idea of a good educational system because I believe that education must be available for all regardless of demographic profile. However, as time went by, this status quo has slowly been changed which in turn made the system more decent. Though this system may not be as advanced as the colonizers’, it was something to be proud of.

    It is a common knowledge that the Spanish colonizers had embedded in the Philippines their culture, and that includes the educative system. It was the Spanish colonization era when formal education was introduced. This was something that I’m personally grateful for. Although the teachings were focused on religion, other subjects were also taught. However, the gap between the rich and the poor, and male and female learners had widened due to the admission policies and separation of schools. In this era, I think opportunities were less likely given to Filipinos.

    The American colonizers’ goal, on the other hand, were more of educating and training the Filipinos to self-government. In this period, more opportunities were given to the Filipinos. This includes free primary education, establishment of school for Filipino teachers, and the most notable of all is the opportunity for Filipinos to study higher education in the American universities and colleges. I love how the Americans thought of Filipinos as able, that is, Filipinos are smart and can lead its country. I believe that pursuing higher education is a ticket to a more successful life and thanks to the American colonizers for giving these opportunities to Filipinos. Presently, Philippines is known to be a good English-speaking nation and I believe one of the reasons is the compulsory teaching of the English language in the American colonization period.

    In conclusion, the journey of the present Philippine educational system was not an easy ride. It is the reflection of the Filipino culture mixed with historical events and colonial teaching pedagogies and beliefs. We owe it to our ancestors for adapting to these different systems without fully abolishing the root of our existence. The world is constantly changing and so is the Philippine educational system. However, one thing is for sure, we Filipinos are adaptive to the needs of time, and we will overcome any adversity.

    Reply
  26. It was a great article . I agree with the author stating the changes of the education’s direction.

    When it comes to influence , Philippine education has been greatly affected by the country’s colonial history including that of Spanish, American, and Japanese era. One of the most influential contribution was that of the Americans – that is to develop, to civilize and to educate Filipinos. It was this time when English was introduced as the primary language of instruction and establishing public education system.

    Over the years, our country is seeking for best resources to improve its education system to manage the global demands. The effort of doing such is very much appreciated, however there might be concerns that need to be identified and should be addressed promptly. Shortage of educational materials and facilities, eg. textbooks, classrooms and also the lack of teacher training opportunities to help them learn or create new teaching strategies which will bring back the interest of the students.

    Whatever reforms it may be, indifference or resistance by either learners or educators should not be a hindrance in the path of development of an effective educational system.
    As Filipinos, we are all encouraged to be reoriented to new development and be motivated to take each step of the way.

    Reply
  27. This article tells us how our educational system in the Philippines survived through the influence of the colonizers. Even before they arrived in our country, education here in the Philippines was already present. Wherein, the parents serve as the teachers both academic and vocation. So this modular learning modality today where parents act as the teacher to their children is not new because even before, this was the way of education.
    And among the colonizers, I am somehow touched by the Americans who provided schools for Filipino teachers. And also open a free primary education to the Filipinos. And allowed Filipino students to take up higher education in American colleges and universities. And as a teacher, it makes me happy knowing that they gave importance to the education of the Filipinos.

    Reply
  28. The article talks about the History of the System of Education in the Philippines. This enlighten us that our education system keep on changing because of the different colonizers but keep on developing that shows how our education today. I was amazed of the article, I realized the long journey of our education is complicated but makes a great preparation for the future. Just like the saying of Malcolm that Education is the passport to future, for tomorrow belongs to those who prepare for it today. Starting from Pre – Spanish time until present, the Philippine education system develop for the better future.

    – Ma. Jheaniel T. Salibay

    Reply
  29. This article opens a door for me to understand the system of education in the Philippines since the day we were under by the colonizers until we got our freedom to choose the education system we want to have in our own country. Education will be considered as the backbone of the country for without it our country would become paralyze and that cause the Philippines to be a pitiful one. Even a lot of foreigners known as colonizers who had influenced the system of education the Philippines which gave both positive and negative effect to the Filipino people but still, we owe them for making us knowledgeable about what they have imparted us, especially our Filipino ancestors during their time. The cultures, beliefs we got from them also lead us to develop our language and numeric literacy. Also, we got the idea of being a religious people as we believe God Almighty until this generation.

    Above all systems of education being mentioned, what I appreciated the most was the Americans because they’re not only educating us, but they have the heart to teach Filipinos know the English language. Not just only to know it but also to acquire it. That started Filipino to have our own educators and given a chance to impart knowledge to other Filipinos. It’s the beginning of new hope that those Filipino professionals became the future civic, business, and political leaders of our country.

    At the end of reading the article, it drawn a vivid conclusion into my mind that, Filipinos are brave and strong despite the circumstances of not giving an equal treatment in terms of education of some colonizers but still Filipinos bravely taking steps to gain freedom of education in our own land.
    In this 21st century, Filipinos have the chance to adapt the new curriculum, K-12 Curriculum which make Philippines globally competitive. To Filipino educators, we must waste the freedom we got. We must be a progressivist in shaping and molding our learners to make them globally competent as well. What is important is that we accept that there was no perfect curriculum rather, we just need to accept that change is inevitable. A change that will lead us to have a better system of education in the Philippines that can create God-fearing, and globally competitive learners.

    Reply
  30. Today’s Philippine Educational system is an exact representation of what it is in the past since education was introduced in 19th century. If we looked back, everything that we do today in our education system, its foundation can be traced then to that era. Though it is always been a long process on stabilizing its effectiveness to the community, nevertheless, the primer is very clear in today’s adaptations. Glad we are gifted with such appreciation on how important education is way back before and now. Stories would tell that our education system produces brilliant minds in history of humanity and for that we should always be grateful.

    – Maureen M. Arriola

    Reply
  31. This article is very informative because it deals with the features of the philippines educational system. Our country has a long and complicated history.our country faced a long period of foreign dominance. Education is being offered through formal and non-formal systems..our educational system here in philippines underwent several changes although we also retained some of the ancient teachings which are practical even during our time. The system has been and still is basically American in objectives.
    When it comes to culture, our country’s educational system us based on american system where english is the medium of instruction, along with the academics social and cultural aspects are also cherished by the philippine schools. Applying cultural values in education has a positive effect on several elements.

    Reply
  32. With this article it made me realize on the impact of colonialism to the Philippine educational system and even to our way of life. In curriculum adjustment and innovations are guided towards with the advancement of the world of educational system. However, I will suggest to the policy makers and education managers they must ensure the necessary preparations and required resources are all in place for the changes. “Change for a better” 😀

    Reply
    • After reading this article, I can say that the colonization that happens in our country has also a positive side especially in the Educational System in our country. Filipinos was highly influenced by different colonizers, they leave us not only their culture, traditions and beliefs but also the lessons which most of the Filipinos are living today. They also made lot of things which are very helpful to us now and become big part of our everyday life. History is play a big part of what we have now, all we can do is to make it as a basis to make a changes or reform to make better for our future generations.

      Reply
  33. Upon reading the whole article I can say that education is very important even during colonial history.The education in ancient Philippines was both academic and vocation. Both parents taught their children in household chores, trained to be warriors, hunters fishermen and lumbers and etc. There was a barangay school teaching reading ,writing and arithmetic. Hence education during that time was geared toward their needs.
    The education under the American college.Filipinos students known us “pensionados”. Education is continues developed under the Commonwealth. During Japanese time they introduce Japanese language as one of the subject in school.
    In this article education fundamental objective is the development of an individual’s potential to improve society.Education continues developed and changes in curriculum to address the needs of every learners and society.A quality teacher with effective method of teaching contributed gretaer help to understand the needs ,interest, of every unique individuals.
    Education shows us the importance of hard work and at the same time, helps us grow and develop.Learning different languages under colonization helped us interact with different people in order to have knowledge,exhange ideas and good practices.

    Reply
  34. Philippine Education is a reflection of collective Filipino traditions, colonial teaching pedagogies and significant historical events that geared towards the birth of the current curriculum.

    This reading activity gave me opportunity to revisit the complex journey of Philippine education before it becomes beautiful as it is today. What captured me first in this article is the emphasis on how the foreign countries, that happened to be our colonizers, contributed a lot in our Educational system. Yes, our ancestors have informal education during the pre-colonization – it sounds great because it showed how simple life way back then. However, being in this generation and having time to glimpse the simplicity of our yesterdays, I realized that we won’t be enjoying the comforts of today, which are products of wisdom and knowledge acquired by having formal and higher education, if we remained purely in the shadow of ancient instruction.

    The oppression of the Spaniards may be one of the traumatic events of the Philippine history but it served as onset on Philippine Education. The positive impacts they brought to Filipinos is they introduced us the western and European system of education, allowed Filipinos to have formal education despite the limitation and restrictions. These actions became a commencement for the Filipinos to seek more knowledge and be thirsty of continuing education not only for their individual self but also for the goodness of their country. Another positive impact of the Spaniards colonization is the Catholicism. Including the religion as one of the subject is always a positive influence of their regime which we still apply up to these days.

    I also appreciated the positive impacts of the Americans on education. Their contribution was the starting point of global education that we are aiming in this generation. Their goal which was to educate and to train in science of self –government among Filipinos is the milestone of having our own Philippine government and to have more stable and standard curriculum that can produce globally competitive Filipino citizens.

    In the part of the article where a study about the use of vernacular as a medium of instruction and how the result turned out – Yes, at that time, study was a failure since they were focusing only on the vernacular of one area or region which is not really applicable to other region that happened to have their own mother tongue based on their tribe and ethnic group. But, connecting to the present curriculum, the Mother Tongue-Based Multilingual Education is implemented because it is viewed to be helpful especially to the young learners believing that they can grasp the topic well when their first language is used as a medium of instruction.
    I also admired how the government under the leadership of President Quezon tried to revived the native culture as well as the desirable values of the Filipinos that had been forgotten when we were colonized by different western countries. This nationalistic act paved way for the Filipinos to embrace educational transformation because of its importance without forgetting their roots. This made us educated Filipinos with a heart to our beloved country and countrymen.

    As a whole the Philippine Educational system is a result of dynamic process resulting from series of curriculum changed and alteration in order to meet the need of society. Education as beginning of human and industrial revolution is vital especially to the present generation who always search innovations for the betterment of the country and for the humanity. The current education that we have right now is so far the best education implemented by the curriculum planners; it may never have its Filipino touched in the beginning because it is a product of combined cultures of colonizers, however, Filipino minds made it great as time passed by
    through reviving and integrating Filipino values and culture to make our curriculum more localized and contextualized.

    Reply
  35. The only permanent thing in the world is change. Even educational system changes. After reading the article, I was silence in a moment, maybe because I am amazed of the history of the education system of the Philippines. It reminds me of my childhood days, during my elementary years which is quite different from todays education. The Philippine Education system has gone through various changes throughout the years. It has been highly influenced by the country’s colonial history. When our country was colonized, it was indeed a tragic history but when it comes to education it made a big difference, because it contributes a lot to our education system. The history of education shaped the present education systems of the Philippines.

    Reply
  36. Reaction on the Article “A History of the System of Education in the Philippines – Its Implication for the Present Generation”
    Philippine Education is a reflection of collective Filipino traditions, colonial teaching pedagogies and significant historical events that geared towards the birth of the current curriculum.

    This reading activity gave me opportunity to revisit the complex journey of Philippine education before it becomes beautiful as it is today. What captured me first in this article is the emphasis on how the foreign countries, that happened to be our colonizers, contributed a lot in our Educational system. Yes, our ancestors have informal education during the pre-colonization – it sounds great because it showed how simple life way back then. However, being in this generation and having time to glimpse the simplicity of our yesterdays, I realized that we won’t be enjoying the comforts of today, which are products of wisdom and knowledge acquired by having formal and higher education, if we remained purely in the shadow of ancient instruction.

    The oppression of the Spaniards may be one of the traumatic events of the Philippine history but it served as onset on Philippine Education. The positive impacts they brought to Filipinos is they introduced us the western and European system of education, allowed Filipinos to have formal education despite the limitation and restrictions. These actions became a commencement for the Filipinos to seek more knowledge and be thirsty of continuing education not only for their individual self but also for the goodness of their country. Another positive impact of the Spaniards colonization is the Catholicism. Including the religion as one of the subject is always a positive influence of their regime which we still apply up to these days.

    I also appreciated the positive impacts of the Americans on education. Their contribution is the starting point of global education that we are aiming in this generation. Their goal which is to educate and to train in science of self –government among Filipinos is the milestone of having our own Philippine government and to have more stable and standard curriculum that can produce globally competitive Filipino citizens.

    In the part of the article where a study about the use of vernacular as a medium of instruction and how the result turned out – Yes, at that time, study was a failure since they were focusing only on the vernacular of one area or region which is not really applicable to other region that happened to have their own mother tongue based on their tribe and ethnic group. But, connecting to the present curriculum, the Mother Tongue-Based Multilingual Education is implemented because it is viewed to be helpful especially to the young learners believing that they can grasp the topic well when their first language is used as a medium of instruction.
    I also admired how the government under the leadership of President Quezon tried to revived the native culture as well as the desirable values of the Filipinos that had been forgotten when we were colonized by different western countries. This nationalistic act paved way for the Filipinos to embrace educational transformation because of its importance without forgetting their roots. This made us educated Filipinos with a heart to our beloved country and countrymen.

    As a whole the Philippine Educational system is a result of dynamic process resulting from series of curriculum changed and alteration in order to meet the need of society. Education as beginning of human and industrial revolution is vital especially to the present generation who always search innovations for the betterment of the country and for the humanity. The current education that we have right now is so far the best education implemented by the curriculum planners; it may never have its Filipino touched in the beginning because it is a product of combined cultures of colonizers, however, Filipino minds made it great as time passed by reviving our own culture and apply it to our curriculum through localizing and contextualizing.

    FOUNDATION OF EDUCATION

    Reply
  37. After reading this article I was amazed It enlightened me about the history of our education. I do believe that education is a life long process and for me Spaniards really influence our system of education untill now they taught us to be obedient and God-fearing individuals by implenting GMRC as a subject. And also for American’s they also influence as by using English as a universal language. Philippine educational system has been affected immensely by the country’s colonial history other countries has a lot of contribution to our educational system. Even though out educational system are influenced by other countries we still manage to preserve our own culture.

    Reply
  38. The article I’ve read means that our education system cannot be formed today without the influences by other races/colonizers. It was amazing how our education system had changed from time to time. This just means that Filipinos are hungry for excellence. Id like to appreciate the Americans who were our first teachers because despite of their propaganda, they somehow had a heart to teach us how to stand on our own. Some colonizers are greedy to the point that they want us to embrace their culture while letting us forget our own. But all those attempts did not succeed and just became part of the education history of the Philippines.
    However, everything has really a purpose, if colonizers didn’t come, I don’t know if there are great Filipino leaders today, maybe, we all be just farmers. Colonizers are instruments used to mold us to become competent today. It also awakens us that social status don’t matter; gender don’t matter because everyone gets a free education. Women are seen in working places not just at their home raising a child.
    Not just the colonizers, that I’m thankful for but also to our Filipino great leaders who created an act to develop and improve the educational system of the Philippines which we benefitted today.
    In this trying time, Philippines is not just the only country facing difficulties in terms of how education is running because of pandemic, but I do admire how our leaders, teachers and students, everyone actually made adjustments just to continue learning and making things better even in a difficult situation. I believe that no matter how bad our situation right now, there will always be a way to learn if there’s willingness.
    Moreover, Education really is a lifelong process, education is dynamic that continues to change from time to time. We just really need to be flexible on the changes that will come.

    Reply
  39. I am amazed upon reading the article about the history of the educational system in the Philippines. It awakened my mind that, educational system before differing from era to era depending on which countries colonized the Philippines.
    Education is indeed a lifelong process. Time can tell how far our educational system went through by and by from the colonizers up to our leaders nowadays. The change of curriculum was the effect only to the answer of educational illness that we are facing. Educators adhere to aid knowledge and skills gap of every individual in sustaining the uprising needs of our economy.
    In my opinion, the colonizers brought big roles in helping the educational system in our country. From no formal education to having a formal education. Imagine from being plain farmers, housewives, and servants to becoming leaders, politicians, businessmen, and more to be mentioned. So, what we need now, is to sustain and upgrade the learnings that we had adapt in order to develop an educational system that is worth to be competent to others.
    Gladly, in this pandemic time, our leaders in educational management didn’t hamper to stop the learning needs of the students. The education must continue no matter what! As to the response of continuing classes, curriculum was change from face to face to other modalities in learning. Such as, online class, modular-printed, modular-digital, and radio-television class.
    I admit that the transition to this change of educational system is not that soft as it could be. Because, everyone is not so ready to embrace the use of technology. Specially that not all families had no gadgets at home to aid learning needs. And some other places don’t have Wi-Fi connection. Some leaners also can’t do the independent learning because of some issues arising at home.
    According to the message given by Sec.Leonor M. Briones “this historic season gave unprecedented challenges posed by Covid-19 must be a reminder that we can overcome anything through our concerted efforts.” So let us accept the challenge, and don’t stop learning in anyways.

    Submitted by: JENNIFER LEE GO- GENERALE
    ACI Student
    Submitted to: Dr. TRIXIE E. CUBILLAS
    Assistant Professor II

    Reply
  40. One of the important thing is we have to revisit our history and the evolution of Education from the beginning up to the present because the knowledge we can get from the past will help us understand better and will help us predict the future.
    The very purpose of Education/School that the institution created by the society is to assure its stability and it’s convenience. Through enough that a lot of things that are taught in school, reflects the nature and the character of the society itself. And in order for the society to be preserve and to maintain its function, schools are created.
    The main function of the school is to train its child and inculcate them the reality that they are members of the certain society. ” John Dewey” said : “if the school successfully does these, then there are the best guarantee a larger society that is worthy, harmonious and lovely.” The school has to make sure that the students are trained, molded and they are given the possible roles to play in their own society.

    Reply
  41. “Responsive to the needs of the time, adaptive to the change of time”, part of the winning answer of Bb. Pilipinas Intercontinental 2021- Ms. Cinderella Faye Obeňita redefining the new beautiful. Though it is a definition of a new beautiful for her, I can’t miss this concept because if I were to describe the educational system of the Philippines upon reading this article, then I’d describe it as the same. The educational system is indeed flexible, it’s responsive to the needs of the learners over time and the history itself is the witness on how it became adoptive to the changes over time.
    I find it fascinating how Educational System in the Philippines started and how it improved over time. Proving somehow that Education indeed starts at home. History has it that even before when there’s still no formal education existed, parents were the children’s teachers. Where parents or elders taught children the basic skills or ways of life, for them to survive their daily lives, later on teaching them reading, writing, and arithmetic. The system of education continuously improving through the influence of foreign colonizers, somehow a thing that we should be grateful to them.
    The introduction of the Western system of education, the education under the Americans, education under the Commonwealth, education under the Japanese, together with the continuous conduct of researches aiming to respond to the changing needs of learners and society over time, all being mentioned helped in honing the educational system we have today.
    Shortly, new trends will appear, another set of learners’ needs and societal needs will exist. A change of system in education here in the Philippines may also happen but one thing is for sure, it is only for the betterment of Filipino learners and the improvement of the Philippines as a whole.
    Thank you for this informative article.

    DEVEN P. COQUILLA
    MSciEd- Biology I

    Reply
  42. HISTORY OF THE SYSTEM OF EDUCATION IN THE PHILIPPINES
    -Its Implication for the present generation

    Our educational system today had come from a very long historical story. As the saying goes, ” Learn the past, watch the present and create the future”. One must understand that the present is the result from what’s was learned in the past.

    This article construed a comprehensive insights of what was like in the earlier days the education of our ancestors. We have learned that their education was geared towards their way of living and needs. Upon the arrival of the colonizers, the education system has shifted to many revisions with different goals, vision and teachings.

    Changes in the system of education are necessary to adapt to the changing times. Confronted with challenges and pressing issue, revisions must be made to attain its foremost goal which is to equip Filipinos with knowledge that they may use as their tool for acquiring skills.

    To note, education in the past is as important as the education in the present. We are greatly indebted to our Filipino ancestors of the education we have now. We are privilege that we are given a free basic education and that our country sees education as essential right to every Filipino.

    Reply
  43. The article provides a succinct description of Philippine education from ancient to colonial times. Specifically, the discussion dealt with the educational goals, methods and forms of education, and the significant changes occurring in each of the chronological period presented. However, I feel like the article fell short in establishing a strong account on how the history of education influenced the present as suggested by its title. Nonetheless, the article gives readers a good grasp of the Philippine education’s evolution from its crude form to the advanced one, and how foreign colonizers contributed much to its development. Moreover, the article leaves readers something to think of critically – the dilemma brought about by foreign influences on Philippine education which is the obliteration of Filipino identity and the “concern of the Filipino educators and policy makers (for) the Filipinization of the Filipinos…”
    As history tells, the foreign influence and contribution have been ingrained in the Philippine education system and I think it would be impossible or even unnecessary to strip them as they have been part of the evolution. After being liberated from foreign control, it is but rightful for the country to establish national identity, to dig its ancestral culture and heritage and espouse them as our distinction from other countries, but I reckon this has to be treated apart from education per se. The general view of education has been for the development of a person so he could contribute to the betterment of society as a whole. The manner of administration may have been unfavorable in many aspects for Filipinos being considered inferior during colonial times but I think we give the credit to foreign colonizers for bringing the systems and instituting them in the country which have so far been refined through time. In this era of globalization, the Philippines has been able to adapt to international trends and consequently increased its potential for opportunities in many other aspects.
    The study on implications of history to Philippine education is a broad one – encompassing all other aspects of the country as a nation, hence one has to consider all these aspects or delve on a particular issue. As for the general concept of education for developing the human person, one should consider that education is dynamic, must be adaptive to the needs of time, and supportive of universal community.

    FREDDIE E. CONFESOR
    MAED Educational Management
    CSU-Ampayon Campus

    Reply
  44. As a matter of fact, the educational system of the Philippines has gone through a lot of revision since the pre- colonial period until this recent situation. This revision in our educational system directs toward the goal in which to provide high quality of education that could cater all the learners. Changes is necessary in our system in order to continue education and learning despite the current situations that we’re facing. There are alternative learning modalities that we’re presented and used during this time but not all the students and parents accepted this kind of changes. Teachers are also adjusting with this new system and trying their best to continue giving service to the learners despite on the negative feedbacks they received. Hopefully, we will be able to give what’s best for all the learners and that could everyone access the said quality education.

    Reply
  45. Curriculum as an active and dynamic process, indeed, is what our system of education have undergone. Although, during the Spanish Education, curriculum was solely dependent on the Catholic Church it paved its way for Filipinos to acquire the Spanish language and has been used in some places of our country until now. Christianity is the indelible mark of the Spanish influence. When Americans came, the shift in education had been drastic. Public schools had been opened. English had been taught and is now used as the Country’s second language. Filipinos had been liberated in Education. This was a significant leap for the Philippines’ educational system.

    The Philippines’ have been able to experiment, measure , and improve its system of education. With all the historical events affecting our educational system, this showed the richness of our curriculum from various colonizers. The way Filipinos were able to adapt and endure with those changes and establish and promote its identity is remarkable. However, this seems to be a challenge with our Education’s present situation. The implementation of the K-12 Curriculum received backlashes questioning the curriculum itself, the lack of classrooms to cater the learners, lack of teachers, and funds. Regardless, the Department of Education is vigorous in delivering and promoting quality education to the Filipino learners. In fact, pioneering students in the said curriculum will be graduating this year. With the help of the policy makers, administrators, teachers, parents, and community the kind of education that the Philippines would want to achieve and have been achieving will be manifested.

    In conclusion, the various shift of our educational system was of huge help in becoming the kind of country and kind of educational system that we have. It gave the Philippines different perspectives in Education and gets to decide what fits best for its learners. As mentioned by Confucius, “Study the past as it would define the future.”

    Reply
  46. The Philippines, historically, has been colonized by Western, European, and neighboring Asian countries. This had greatly impacted on our economy, form of government, and most importantly in education. The article is a great reminder on how the Philippines’ system of education have evolved as country considering the influences that these colonizers have left us.

    Curriculum as an active and dynamic process, indeed, is what our system of education have undergone. Although, during the Spanish Education, curriculum was solely dependent on the Catholic Church it paved its way for Filipinos to acquire the Spanish language and has been used in some places of our country until now. Christianity is the indelible mark of the Spanish influence. When Americans came, the shift in education had been drastic. Public schools had been opened. English had been taught and is now used as the Country’s second language. Filipinos had been liberated in Education. This was a significant leap for the Philippines’ educational system.

    The Philippines’ have been able to experiment, measure , and improve its system of education. With all the historical events affecting our educational system, this showed the richness of our curriculum from various colonizers. The way Filipinos were able to adapt and endure with those changes and establish and promote its identity is remarkable. However, this seems to be a challenge with our Education’s present situation. The implementation of the K-12 Curriculum received backlashes questioning the curriculum itself, the lack of classrooms to cater the learners, lack of teachers, and funds. Regardless, the Department of Education is vigorous in delivering and promoting quality education to the Filipino learners. In fact, pioneering students in the said curriculum will be graduating this year. With the help of the policy makers, administrators, teachers, parents, and community the kind of education that the Philippines would want to achieve and have been achieving will be manifested.

    In conclusion, the various shift of our educational system was of huge help in becoming the kind of country and kind of educational system that we have. It gave the Philippines different perspectives in Education and gets to decide what fits best for its learners. As mentioned by Confucius, “Study the past as it would define the future.”

    Reply
  47. Delving the article prevails what had happened in the Philippine educational system from pre-colonial period up to the present. Long time before the existence of those colonizers, Philippines has its own way of harnessing learnings and skills but its informal and unorganized. their primary goal is for survival. Here comes with colonial period, different system has been made and develop for the Filipinos to obey and abide. Most of their teaching came from their own culture, belief and norms. Some of which made modification and make Filipinos stand still despite of what had been through amidst all adversities and uncertainties. But, because of the different setbacks and thriump of our educational system before our curriculum nowadays reach into its surmountable peak to deliver equitable and quality formal education for all individuals regardless of who and where they are.

    During the midst of transitioning phase of our educational system different studies and researches were conducted and develop to measures the curriculum effectiveness and usabilities. truly, in the Advent of globalization, each one of us should acquire basic and essential skill that could foster learning and understanding about the existence of curriculum and honing the 21st century skills and attitude.

    Since curriculum in the Philippines is dynamic in nature and accustomed with the belief of our ancestors and colonizers, it is adoptable to change in regards of the need of the society, and as of the moment our curriculum has been change drastically bought about by the corona virus pandemic. From old normal to what we call ‘New Normal’. This is perhaps educators need to widen their horizon to adopt change and willingness to participate in national and international programs for the progress and development of our educational curriculum.

    Joel C. Alvarez
    MAED-EM II

    Reply
  48. This article explains the history of education brief and precise. It only focuses on the important details of the history from the earliest time before foreign colonization’s. It is good to reflect that in the earliest time, the kind of living of Filipino’s are simple and no complications, they only learned what is need to be acquired and use it to their kind of living not until the foreign colonization. The educational system starts to change from simple to complex kind of learning. During Spanish regime, time they want to make the native Filipinos obedient and God-fearing Christians. For this reason, religion was a compulsory subject at all levels – from the primary schools to the universities and which today for some schools that is under the provision of Roman Catholic Churches are still including religious subject in their school curriculum. However, after the Spanish regime, the American’s was next to colonized the Filipino country, abolished the compulsory of religious subject to be taught to the student’s and want the Filipino to be educated and trained in the of self-government. The American taught the Filipino to have their own government which we experienced it today, and so they influence the Filipino their language which is English which is now second language of every Filipino. Since the Filipino achieved their independency and have their own government, during commonwealth, Pres. Quezon, revived the native culture of Filipino’s which new generation can still experience and witness the Filipino culture today. It is a best thing the President Quezon, revived the Filipino culture and abolished some culture that influenced by the Americans to the Filipino people. As time passes and advances and the people in the society are growing the need of exploring and experimentation on how the Education system could adapt the civilization but still could preserve the culture and language. the Ilo-ilo Experiment was designed and implemented in which using the using vernacular or mother tongue language as medium of instruction to be taught in lower grades which today Deped is including to our educational curriculum despite that it was observed that the as a medium of instructions was not producing all-out of outcome during the experiment, it will create imbalance towards regional and cultural aspects. In today’s educational system, they want the Filipino develop their full potentials which the Filipino people are able to contribute to improvement of the society and could even compete globally. Today the Philippine Educational System is continuing to develop to educate and engage Filipino people to adapt the advancement of the society. The implications of the history of Education today are that we could trace the and understand the need of change in educational system, and why there are practices today that influenced by foreign colonization which are still applied for some curriculum. The History of Education deliberates the learning and teaching of the earliest time that holds an important status of in the history of mankind

    Reply
  49. The history of education system of the Philippine acquired from different western countries colonized the country. Pre-colonial era the education of the children only at home the parents taught their children work for survival. The coming of Spaniard the Filipino taught a formal school. The teaching of Spaniard focused on the religion teaching since the teachers were missionaries. The during American regime-the education their principal goal “to educate and train in the science of self- government. Education under Commonwealth – vocational and adult education were given emphasize. Education under japan Nippon-go were opened to propagate the Japanese language and culture was made a compulsory subject in all school. Now today new society assumed that the most fundamental objectives of education is the development of an individual potential which will simultaneously improve society.

    Reply
  50. In the midst of the crucial educational system faced by the Philippines today due to the pandemic, I imagined how simple and elusive it was as I read the article. How it describes the gradual adjustments of the Filipinos based on the different influences that also conquered the historical highlights of our education. In the 1935 Constitution of the Philippines up to the 1977 Constitution before its revision in 1986, the aims/objectives of Philippine education is “to develop moral character, personal discipline, civic-consciousness, love of country, vocational efficiency and to teach the duties of citizenship.” Before the birth of constitution, basics of life is the most essential aspect to be taught. Nothing more and nothing less. Thus, reading and writing are the key elements and using weapons for survival added excitement to acquisition of learning.
    Let us start with the Spanish regime. In the article, it clearly defined how the Spaniards influenced our educational system bringing forth Catholicism as the primary tool that should be the prioritized. The sinister shadows of Spain self-indulgence darkened Philippine skies. Racial discrimination was prevalent everywhere. Apart from this controversial the Spanish colonization contributed most of our educational system. We cannot deny the fact that Spaniards influenced some of the instructions and also has a great contribution in the development of our curriculum.
    In the realm of Americans, a great relief was brought to our educational system. It made me realized how this change brought a new chapter of our education. Since the American occupation, religion is no longer mandatory as part of the instruction. This was the start of something anew to look forward to. The Filipinos were able to get up from the shadows of Spanish methods of instruction and began to become future civic, business and political leaders. Imagine how we rise up and eventually established public and private schools.
    I am very intrigued on the Iloilo experiment with the use of Hiligaynon as the medium of instruction to certain grade levels. When I read the article about this, it brought my senses that there are some subjects quite difficult to teach if Hiligaynon is introduced as the vernacular instruction. In connection to this, the Mother Tongue-Based Multilingual Education popped up on my head in which the vernacular language of a certain place or province is taught up to grade 3.
    As of today, our educational system established a strong foundation despite of we have been through. We should look forward and think of the future yet, we should not forget how did it started – an epitome of survival.

    -MARY GRACE A. VALENCIA

    Reply
  51. “A History of the System of Education in the Philippines: Its Implication for the Present Generation”

    Extensive Reaction on the Article

    (Foundations of Education EDUC 201)

    The education system of the Philippines and the history itself has been highly influencedby the country’s colonial history. Thus, that history has included periods of Spanish, American, and Japanese rule and occupation. Herein, the most vital, lasting, and interesting contributions came during America’s time and occupation of the country which began or started in 1898. It was during that period that English language was introduced as the primary language of instructionand a system of public education was established: a system modeled after the United States school system and administered by the newly established Department of Instruction.

    Based on the article, education during the time of colonization by several foreign countries and several historical events, still our education underwent several changes although we also retained some of the ancient teachings which are practical even during our time. Additionally, the Philippines system of education has long served as a model for other foreign countries. And, education in the Philippines is offered through formal and non-formal systems. Wherein, formal education typically spans 14 years and is structured in a 6+4+4 system: 6 years of primary school education, 4 years of secondary school education, and lastly 4 years of higher education or in college level of education, leading to a bachelor’s degree. This is one of the shortest terms of formal education in the world, as well as this structured system of education in the Philippines was the old-term or version of education. However, the Philippines now followed the new standard of education which is the K-12 Curriculum of Education. Therein, the K to 12 curriculum system aims to improve Filipino students’ skills in mathematics, science, and linguistics to further exhibit competence in the global job market. With the new curriculum, the Department of Education promises to offer higher quality education through the strands.

    The education system is administered and overseen by the Department of Education, afederal department with offices in each of the country’s 13 regions. Also, traditionally the government has found it difficult to fully fund the entire education system. Because of that, most of the money earmarked for education goes to the country’s primary schools and some of the secondary schools.

    Withal, it was assumed that the most fundamental objective and goal of education is the development and growth of an individual’s potential which will simultaneously improve society. The educational policies have been geared to the accomplishment of better manpower production through the understanding by the students of land reform, taxation, economic production, anti-drug and anti-pollution conservation education. Furthermore, in accomplishing these goals, the value and work oriented curricula were encouraged promptly. However, there are parents, stakeholders, and teachers were still confused because they did not understand the philosophy, operations, and evaluations of this innovation in education system.

    Today, there is an increasing pressure from Filipino students and intellectuals that English as a medium of instruction in the schools. With that, academic courses offered in the various curricula should be restructured in order to make them relevant to the present needs of the country. This, in effect, will mean the de-emphasizing of western subjects and foreign subjects, like American history and politics, and replacing them with those courses which emphasize Philippine and Asian studies of education. In response to these demands, the Department of Education has adopted the policy of bilingualism in the schools. As well, it has directed school authorities to give priority to textbooks written by Filipino authors and researchers.

    From the foregoing discussion and extensive reaction on the article, it has been noted that the impact and implication of the system of education in the Philippines and to the present generation has been greatly felt in the country during the colonial period and several history events. Hence, every change or shifting in our educational system occur to search for the solution for our educational ills, some pressure groups interfere and say it is “unrealistic and expensive or exorbitant”, which is not a valid or not substantial reason. The courage and energy for action should be sustained to invigorate the lives of the citizenry.

    In conclusion, education is not only a process and a product of growing. But, it aims at the fullest possible realization of all the potentialities of the learners. This implies that the teachers, administrators, and parents must know what students are capable of and what potentialities they possess. Nowadays, or in this present time education system in the Philippines has it own implications, concerning on the various educational philosophy and objectives, implication on the cognitive theories of learning to the development of teaching process, and implication on adapting the new nature and environment of education since nowadays we are facing the new learning modalities of education.

    Submitted by: MR. JEFFRY MORILLA SARO, LPT.

    MSciEd-Biology I

    Submitted to: DR. TRIXIE E. CUBILLAS

    Assistant Professor II

    Show more…

    “A History of the System of Education in the Philippines: Its Implication for the Present Generation”

    Extensive Reaction on the Article

    (Foundations of Education EDUC 201)

    The education system of the Philippines and the history itself has been highly influencedby the country’s colonial history. Thus, that history has included periods of Spanish, American, and Japanese rule and occupation. Herein, the most vital, lasting, and interesting contributions came during America’s time and occupation of the country which began or started in 1898. It was during that period that English language was introduced as the primary language of instructionand a system of public education was established: a system modeled after the United States school system and administered by the newly established Department of Instruction.

    Based on the article, education during the time of colonization by several foreign countries and several historical events, still our education underwent several changes although we also retained some of the ancient teachings which are practical even during our time. Additionally, the Philippines system of education has long served as a model for other foreign countries. And, education in the Philippines is offered through formal and non-formal systems. Wherein, formal education typically spans 14 years and is structured in a 6+4+4 system: 6 years of primary school education, 4 years of secondary school education, and lastly 4 years of higher education or in college level of education, leading to a bachelor’s degree. This is one of the shortest terms of formal education in the world, as well as this structured system of education in the Philippines was the old-term or version of education. However, the Philippines now followed the new standard of education which is the K-12 Curriculum of Education. Therein, the K to 12 curriculum system aims to improve Filipino students’ skills in mathematics, science, and linguistics to further exhibit competence in the global job market. With the new curriculum, the Department of Education promises to offer higher quality education through the strands.

    The education system is administered and overseen by the Department of Education, afederal department with offices in each of the country’s 13 regions. Also, traditionally the government has found it difficult to fully fund the entire education system. Because of that, most of the money earmarked for education goes to the country’s primary schools and some of the secondary schools.

    Withal, it was assumed that the most fundamental objective and goal of education is the development and growth of an individual’s potential which will simultaneously improve society. The educational policies have been geared to the accomplishment of better manpower production through the understanding by the students of land reform, taxation, economic production, anti-drug and anti-pollution conservation education. Furthermore, in accomplishing these goals, the value and work oriented curricula were encouraged promptly. However, there are parents, stakeholders, and teachers were still confused because they did not understand the philosophy, operations, and evaluations of this innovation in education system.

    Today, there is an increasing pressure from Filipino students and intellectuals that English as a medium of instruction in the schools. With that, academic courses offered in the various curricula should be restructured in order to make them relevant to the present needs of the country. This, in effect, will mean the de-emphasizing of western subjects and foreign subjects, like American history and politics, and replacing them with those courses which emphasize Philippine and Asian studies of education. In response to these demands, the Department of Education has adopted the policy of bilingualism in the schools. As well, it has directed school authorities to give priority to textbooks written by Filipino authors and researchers.

    From the foregoing discussion and extensive reaction on the article, it has been noted that the impact and implication of the system of education in the Philippines and to the present generation has been greatly felt in the country during the colonial period and several history events. Hence, every change or shifting in our educational system occur to search for the solution for our educational ills, some pressure groups interfere and say it is “unrealistic and expensive or exorbitant”, which is not a valid or not substantial reason. The courage and energy for action should be sustained to invigorate the lives of the citizenry.

    In conclusion, education is not only a process and a product of growing. But, it aims at the fullest possible realization of all the potentialities of the learners. This implies that the teachers, administrators, and parents must know what students are capable of and what potentialities they possess. Nowadays, or in this present time education system in the Philippines has it own implications, concerning on the various educational philosophy and objectives, implication on the cognitive theories of learning to the development of teaching process, and implication on adapting the new nature and environment of education since nowadays we are facing the new learning modalities of education.

    Submitted by: MR. JEFFRY MORILLA SARO, LPT.

    MSciEd-Biology I

    Submitted to: DR. TRIXIE E. CUBILLAS

    Assistant Professor II

    Reply
  52. The Philippines, historically, has been colonized by Western, European, and neighboring Asian countries. This had greatly impacted on our economy, form of government, and most importantly in education. The article is a great reminder on how the Philippines’ system of education have evolved as country considering the influences that these colonizers have left us.

    Curriculum as an active and dynamic process, indeed, is what our system of education have undergone. Although, during the Spanish Education, curriculum was solely dependent on the Catholic Church it paved its way for Filipinos to acquire the Spanish language and has been used in some places of our country until now. Christianity is the indelible mark of the Spanish influence. When Americans came, the shift in education had been drastic. Public schools had been opened. English had been taught and is now used as the Country’s second language. Filipinos had been liberated in Education. This was a significant leap for the Philippines’ educational system.

    The Philippines have been able to experiment, measure , and improve its system of education. With all the historical events affecting our educational system, this showed the richness of our curriculum from various colonizers. The way Filipinos were able to adapt and endure with those changes and establish and promote its identity is remarkable. However, this seems to be a challenge with our Education’s present situation. The implementation of the K-12 Curriculum received backlashes questioning the curriculum itself, the lack of classrooms to cater the learners, lack of teachers, and funds. Regardless, the Department of Education is vigorous in delivering and promoting quality education to the Filipino learners. In fact, pioneering students in the said curriculum will be graduating this year. With the help of the policy makers, administrators, teachers, parents, and community the kind of education that the Philippines would want to achieve and have been achieving will be manifested.

    In conclusion, the various shift of our educational system was of huge help in becoming the kind of country and kind of educational system that we have. It gave the Philippines different perspectives in Education and gets to decide what fits best for its learners. As mentioned by Confucius, “Study the past as it would define the future.”

    Reply
  53. Name:Henzyl R. Tomas
    Subject: Maed 102- Foundations of Education
    Education is important in a country since it is the essential road for upward social and financial mobility. Philippine education system incorporates a exceptionally profound history from the past in which it has experienced a few arrange of improvement getting to the show framework of education. In the article the Education from Ancient Early Filipinos the education of pre-Spanish time in the Philippines was practical and it was meant for survival. Education system in the Philippines has undergone several stages of development from the Pre- Spanish time to present. As I read the article, I observed that the specialization and system are different from the colonizers. Filipino has a strong belief that every child should be educated. They should know how important education to them. It is an advantage for young Filipino to finish their education to get a better job and a better future ahead. Education can give people knowledge, skills, confidence, competency, structure, and can improve your mind to become sharp. It really helps to every people not only to Filipino but to the whole world to understand each other if we have a good education in our country. Giving a good education is one of the great feelings of Filipino parents knowing that they can give the best for their children. Because they know that only education is the best thing that they can give to their children that no one can take it away to them. That is why educational system in the Philippines is a continuous and never-ending process until now they developed it to attain mission and vision and be the best possible system that are achievable, attainable, time-bounded and sustainable. Therefore I conclude that the investments in education helped the educational system flourish.
    GODBLESS US ALL!

    Reply
  54. The Educational System before has undergone several stages of development from the Pre-Spanish times to the present. In meeting the needs of the society, education serves as focus of emphasis/priorities of the leadership at certain periods. The economic situation during the pre-colonial times was the great contributor and major factor in the system of education in the Philippines.
    In many developing countries today, the educational system is primarily the reason for its progress. Stabilized and effectively applied curricula are essential to setting up a high quality education system. Teachers who are highly competitive, and breath-taking school facilities will pave the way for the success of students. In order to prosper tomorrow, one needs to work hard today. Changes and concrete reforms to be made in order to have a better system.

    Reply
  55. Whatever period of time it is; education has been an important part of the Philippines’ history. Even during the pre-colonial era, they may not have the formal education that we have today, however, they’d able to start the basic form of learning in which to learn for survival. We have been colonized not just once but several times, but it couldn’t be denied that those colonizers have contributed to our education. There have had pros and cons when it comes to the contribution, however, some of the influences that they’ve contributed also became an essential part of our education system. Our educational system in the Philippines has come a long way from the pre-colonial era until this present day, but then it was shaped and innovated phase by phase until it became what it is today.

    Our privileges in education today, in gaining more knowledge and different skills should be credited to what our education system history went through. What development we see today is the product of the education the people have had before us. Thanks to the people who gave importance to the process of acquiring knowledge and skills in whatever field there may be. Through the knowledge that we acquired as our education evolves, our way of life has come from basic hands-on jobs to better and comfortable as we applied that knowledge to our daily life. Through education, we’re currently benefiting from the innovations that took place over the years, we have the technology to make life easy, and we can always look for this development onwards.

    -Cindy Claire Epil

    Reply
  56. A concise and accurate history of the Philippine educational system is presented in this article. Because of colonization, our educational system has undergone significant changes. Education had gone a long way, with various motives. We cannot deny that the colonizers contributed to the development of our educational system.
    Our educational system has clearly improved in order to meet and maintain the needs of Filipinos for quality and relevant education. The way we have been taught in academics and vocations since ancient times, as well as how our parents have taught us, has helped us create tremendous character. We Filipinos become more motivated and responsible individuals after understanding such basic and simple methods of living. With the help and support of the government, access to quality education is conceivable and achievable in this generation; it is only up to the learner to determine how important learning is to him.
    Furthermore, it is critical that education be adaptable enough to meet the needs of a country’s society. It must listen to the desires and aspirations of students and ensure that they grow into productive citizens of the country.

    -IVY T. MIÑOZA

    Reply
  57. History helps us understand how society can change and develop. This article presented very well the history of educational system in the Philippines from the period of colonization by various foreign countries up to the present generation. It helps us teachers to appreciate the various aspects of the past educational process its different emphasis and impacts to learner and the society, to link them to our present scenario. Thus, the significance of education should be all for facilitating learning, acquisition of knowledge, skills and importantly of values, morals, beliefs and habits. We are grateful for the past experiences and we must take the courage and energy to act positively to sustain quality education that enables people tp develop and achieve their potential as human beings and members of society.

    Reply
  58. The Philippine educational system had undergone a lot of changes through time, from the ancient up to the present; the education has been continuously evolving adapting to the changes and meeting the needs of the people.

    The article comprehensively stated the highlights of the different educational system from the colonizers and from our own. Each educational system greatly differs with their aims, trainings, teaching methods, and teaching contents. Though they differ from many things, they all see education as a means of having change, not just in oneself but also a change in the society. Each of these educational systems had to focus on something in order to create a difference in the society.

    With regards to Filipinos during those times, they were eager to learn, educate themselves and adapt to the different changes in their school system. As time went by, we were freed from the hands of the colonizers and we’re able to establish our own educational system; the lessons we had from the colonizers and so with the changes we have experienced created the educational system we have as of today.

    By any means, the goal of these educational system aside from education the mind, is being able to provide Filipinos the learning they need that they will be able to use in the future and they might be able to use in changing the society they live in. As what G.K. Chesterton said, “Education is simply the soul of the society as it passes from one generation to another”.

    -Mary Grace D. Balase

    Reply
  59. The Philippines went through with the different educational system as a result of the colonization.
    I discovered that the Philippines during the Western and European systems the Spain’s main goal was to convert the Filipinos into a God-fearing Christians as one of their goals the 3G’s: God, Glory and Gold. As a result, religion was made a mandatory topic at all levels, from elementary schools to universities. It was surprisingly that almost 300 years that the education in the Philippines was the main responsibility of the Catholic church. Unfortunately, Filipinos had nothing to do but embraced the different systems.
    I understood that education is always changing, growing, and evolving. It’s a never-ending process. Hence, it is important to keep looking for fresh possibilities to learn new things; the information that a person learns for himself or herself is his or her life’s treasure. Yes, with the various circumstances involved, it is slowly eroding, which is unfortunate but true.

    Reply
  60. A very nice article regarding how is the system of education in the philippines and it’s implication for the present generation.I learned that as time goes by education is available to all.We should be thankful to the Spanish who incorporate religion in education.

    Reply
  61. That Philippine’s education system is not a bad one. It has plenty of opportunity for students to get an education. The history of Philippine education offer assistance us get it how the past occasions formed the display instruction frameworks. It is an apparent that our framework of instruction has enormously progressed to supply and support desires of Filipino for quality and significant instruction. The way we are instructed from the old times in scholarly and work like how our guardians instructed us offer assistance us shape extraordinary character. Upon learning those fundamental and basic ways of life, we Filipinos got to be more decided and responsible people. In this era, access to quality instruction is conceivable and reachable with the assistance and bolster from the government , it as it were depends on the learner on how he would see the significance of learning.

    HENZYL R. TOMAS

    Reply
  62. That Philippine’s education system is not a bad one. It has plenty of opportunity for students to get an education. The history of Philippine education offer assistance us get it how the past occasions formed the display instruction frameworks. It is an apparent that our framework of instruction has enormously progressed to supply and support desires of Filipino for quality and significant instruction. The way we are instructed from the old times in scholarly and work like how our guardians instructed us offer assistance us shape extraordinary character. Upon learning those fundamental and basic ways of life, we Filipinos got to be more decided and responsible people. In this era, access to quality instruction is conceivable and reachable with the assistance and bolster from the government , it as it were depends on the learner on how he would see the significance of learning.

    HENZYL R. TOMAS

    Reply
  63. Indeed, ancient Filipinos are well-trained when it comes to survival. In this present time, we also owe some academic competence from the colonizers who once introduced the formal education for the needs of various agencies and industries. Filipinos can compete and not left when it comes to advance learning. What admired the world to Filipinos are not only the competence brought by schools but the values inherited from it’s humble past. In the article, Philippine Educational System is dynamic, though somehow unfortunate but has a lot to be thanked for in the present.

    Reply
  64. Education in the Philippines really had come a long way since pre-colonial times. The article presented well the history of how education started in the Philippines. The colonizer does have contributed to the body of knowledge we have today despite the negative things we heard about them during their regime. There are still some parts wherein we can say that we are greatly indebted to them and one of that is education. We’ve heard from our elders and from the books about what had happened during the colonization and what was life before but we cannot deny the fact that the majority of our educational system now was adopted from them. Also, I noticed that people before were not given equal access to formal education, unlike today. Access to quality education today is possible with the aid of the government. Before, Spaniards did not allow Filipinos to use the native language unlike the Americans. This is why we can see that America was more developed than European countries before. I also realized in this article that we can be able to do more about educating our learners and that is to be more resourceful unlike before wherein the students were not given freedom to easily access information.

    Lastly, though the standard of education now is high, young graduates can surely benefit from expanding their knowledge and can always look back into the history where education was not for the privileged ones. With the current educational system we have now, it is really important to have flexibility in our educational system that would fit societal needs. Everyone had a chance to enhance employability when everyone is equipped and is ready to enter the world of work.
    -JOJI DAGUIO

    Reply
  65. The way the article presents the history of the System of Education in the Philippines was on point. The impact of education to the society was laid in this article. I am indebted with the colonizers who had contributed a lot in the current educational system in Philippines. We cannot deny the fact that foreign colonizers was not more of a disadvantage but instead there are aspects wherein we can give our thanks to them and one of that is in the field of education. It helps every Filipinos who are in poverty before to get the best education like that of the first world countries. Going through the article’s content, I was amazed by the fact that Spaniards neglected teaching Filipinos their native language. It was only when the Americans arrived that native language was emphasized. Kudos to Dr. Jose V. Aguilar for experimenting and choosing vernacular as the medium of instruction. There are more we can learn from the past in terms of the educational system. We learn that America was more developed before than Europe because they patronizes their own language. It was only this time that European countries had adopted this idea on using native language in teaching.
    Furthermore, it is important that education is flexible enough to adopt to the needs of the society of a certain country. It needs to hear the whims and aspirations of the students and see to it that they become fruitful citizen of the country.

    -JOJI D. DAGUIO, MSciEd-BIO

    Reply
  66. A short yet concrete article. Gave me insights on things that I never knew and changed the things I thought I know about the Philippine education, sort of me going thru Mandela efffect.
    What I can say is that Philippine education went thru changes like a roller coaster ride. From being practical to religious to being political. What I think is that modern Philippine education is competitive though we still lag behind other countries, well, it is understandable considering that they have access to better resources. Still, makes me wonder what improvements we could do to make the system better.
    It helped that we went under different types of education for it gave us better ideas on what works and what dose not.

    Reply
  67. As I have read the article I have realized that the beginning of the Philippine Education system has been through a lot. We have indulged in various systems depending on the recent colonizers and also because of several historical events that the Philippines has been through. The educational system in the past was geared towards the needs of the people. Separate lessons are taught between girls and boys. Although they also focused on the reading and writing and even the learning of arithmetic, it still has its limitations.
    The history of the system actually paved the way for the present generation to experience quality and equal access to education. In fact, we first handedly experienced the reform of education systems. Example the shift from the use of the Basic Education Curriculum to the k-12 curriculum. In here we have experienced instant progress and at the same challenges.
    Drawn from the different experiences evident by our History, I believe that change is necessary and essential to meet the demands and needs of the changing world.

    CHARME A. PAGANGPANG

    Reply
  68. This article is very informative because it deals with the features of the Philippine educational system. we all know that the educational system of our country has a long and complicated history. Our country faced a long period of foreign dominance. Education is being offered through formal and non-formal systems.
    Our educational system here in Philippines underwent several changes although we also retained some of the ancient teachings which are practical even during our time. The system has been and still is basically American in objectives.
    When it comes to the culture, our country’s education system is based on the American system where English is the medium of instruction. Along with academics social and cultural aspects are also cherished by the Philippine schools. Applying cultural values in education has a positive effect on several elements. It nurtures the sense of belonging, identity, and strengthens community participation, it also promotes appreciation and understanding of history and cultural heritage. Students develop competencies and cultural skills which are require for interacting with people around the world.

    ????????
    FERN C. LOPEZ

    Reply
  69. This article is very informative because it deals with the features of the Philippine educational system. We all know that the educational system of our country has a long and complicated history. Our country faced a long period of foreign dominance. Education is being offered through formal and non-formal systems.
    Our educational system here in Philippines underwent several changes although we also retained some of the ancient teachings which are practical even during our time. The system has been and still is basically American in objectives.
    When it comes to culture, our country’s education system is based on the American system where English is the medium of instruction. Along with academics social and cultural aspects are also cherished by the Philippine schools. Applying cultural values in education has a positive effect on several elements. It nurtures the sense of belonging, identity, and strengthens community participation; it also promotes appreciation and understanding of history and cultural heritage. Students develop competencies and cultural skills which are required for interacting with people around the world.

    ????????

    Reply
  70. It was stipulated in the article that the Educational System before was practical and it was meant for survival. History had made it clear that the curriculum is indeed dynamic in such a way that it could change throughout the years and this changes is inevitable.
    As I read through the article I obseved that in every period it differs in the field of specializations but what I like about was the huge impact of religion brought by the Spaniards in which evident in the Phillipines today.
    The richness of educational system in our country were influenced y the different colonizers. Given these facts our country should develop an educational system that would cater the needs of the society. A system that would be benefited by every Filipinos.
    I think the very first thing to be considered is the curriculum making and implementation. Departmemt of Education should see to it that the curriculum to be implemented will guarantee a good result and will be for the betterment of an individuals. Considering also the preparedness of the school and its stake holders.Another point to be taken into consideration is the relevance of the curriculum to the needs of the society. Sometimes our educational system is just too idealistic and tend to forget the reality in the field.
    But I believe that the Department is now doing their best effort to not just only provide students with better books but they’ll make sure that the application in the day to day living is evident.At the end of the day education will be of no use when it can’t provide student their needs in facing the real world.It should be practical where students can use their learning in school to contribute something in the society.
    With regards to the failure of Iloilo Experiment educational implementers should’ve learned from this experience. In my own point of view, just like the Implementation of the MTB in the present times it just added the burdens of the students where in fact the goal is to produce globally competitive learners. The question now is , will MTB help achieve that? or will it just add confusion to learners?
    This is now the challenge to us as an educators let us nutture our leaners to dvelop their full potential and be of help in diagnosing the real cancer in our country’s educational system. I pray that it will be properly treated.

    What is really the main problem? I’ll end it here.

    GINA M. MORGADEZ

    Reply
  71. It was stipulated in the article that the Educational System before was practical and it was meant for survival. History had made it clear that the curriculum is indeed dynamic in such a way that it could change throughout the years and this changes is inevitable.
    As I read through the article I obseved that in every period it differs in the field of specializations but what I like about was the huge impact of religion brought by the Spaniards in which evident in the Phillipines today.

    The richness of educational system in our country were influenced y the different colonizers. Given these facts our country should develop an educational system that would cater the needs of the society. A system that would be benefited by every Filipinos.

    I think the very first thing to be considered is the curriculum making and implementation. Departmemt of Education should see to it that the curriculum to be implemented will guarantee a good result and will be for the betterment of an individuals. Considering also the preparedness of the school and its stake holders.Another point to be taken into consideration is the relevance of the curriculum to the needs of the society. Sometimes our educational system is just too idealistic and tend to forget the reality in the field.

    But I believe that the Department is now doing their best effort to not just only provide students with better books but they’ll make sure that the application in the day to day living is evident.At the end of the day education will be of no use when it can’t provide student their needs in facing the real world.It should be practical where students can use their learning in school to contribute something in the society.

    With regards to the failure of Iloilo Experiment educational implementers should’ve learned from this experience. In my own point of view, just like the Implementation of the MTB in the present times it just added the burdens of the students where in fact the goal is to produce globally competitive learners. The question now is , will MTB help achieve that? or will it just add confusion to learners?

    This is now the challenge to us as an educators let us nurture our learners to develop their full potential and let us be of help in diagnosing the real cancer in our country’s educational system. I pray that it will be properly treated.

    What is really the main problem? I’ll end it here.

    GINA M. MORGADEZ

    Reply
  72. It was stipulated in the article that the Educational System before was practical and it was meant for survival. History had made it clear that the curriculum is indeed dynamic in such a way that it could change throughout the years and this changes is inevitable.
    As I read through the article I obseved that in every period it differs in the field of specializations but what I like about was the huge impact of religion brought by the Spaniards in which evident in the Phillipines today.
    The richness of educational system in our country were influenced y the different colonizers. Given these facts our country should develop an educational system that would cater the needs of the society. A system that would be benefited by every Filipinos.
    I think the very first thing to be considered is the curriculum making and implementation. Departmemt of Education should see to it that the curriculum to be implemented will guarantee a good result and will be for the betterment of an individuals. Considering also the preparedness of the school and its stake holders.Another point to be taken into consideration is the relevance of the curriculum to the needs of the society. Sometimes our educational system is just too idealistic and tend to forget the reality in the field.
    But I believe that the Department is now doing their best effort to not just only provide students with better books but they’ll make sure that the application in the day to day living is evident.At the end of the day education will be of no use when it can’t provide student their needs in facing the real world.It should be practical where students can use their learning in school to contribute something in the society.
    With regards to the failure of Iloilo Experiment educational implementers should’ve learned from this experience. In my own point of view, just like the Implementation of the MTB in the present times it just added the burdens of the students where in fact the goal is to produce globally competitive learners. The question now is , will MTB help achieve that? or will it just add confusion to learners?
    This is now the challenge to us as an educators let us nurture our learnes to achieve their full potential and let us be of help in diagnosing the real cancer in our country’s educational system. I pray that it will be properly treated.
    What is really the main problem? I’ll end it here.

    GINA M. MORGADEZ

    Reply
  73. Indeed, the Philippine educational system has gone through a lot of modifications since the pre-colonial period until this present situation. The changes that has been made in our educational system is driven toward our goal which is to provide quality education for all. As what the author pointed out in the last part of the article, some pressure groups interfere and say that it is “unrealistic and expensive”. Practically speaking, it is true. Education, shall I say, quality education is really not accessible for all but this doesn’t mean that educators are not doing their best to provide what is the best for our educational system. Let’s take this Corona virus pandemic as an example. Changes has to be made in our system in order to continue education and learning despite the current crisis that we are facing. Alternative learning delivery modalities have been introduced and used. Students, parents and other groups are criticizing this change. Teachers are also adjusting to this system, but they are trying and giving their best to continue education despite the negative feedbacks that they are receiving. It is during moments like this in which we should give our full cooperation. We need to support each other, teachers, students and parents. The Philippine educational system has still a long way to go. It will continue to undergo modifications and changes for the betterment of our educational system and hopefully, someday we will be able to provide quality education that is accessible to all.

    Reply
  74. Indeed, the Philippine educational system has gone through a lot of modifications since the pre-colonial period until this present situation. The changes that has been made in our educational system is driven toward our goal which is to provide quality education for all. As what the author pointed out in the last part of the article, some pressure groups interfere and say that it is “unrealistic and expensive”. Practically speaking, it is true. Education, shall I say, quality education is really not accessible for all but this doesn’t mean that educators are not doing their best to provide what is the best for our educational system. Let’s take this Corona virus pandemic as an example. Changes has to be made in our system in order to continue education and learning despite the current crisis that we are facing. Alternative learning delivery modalities have been introduced and used. Students, parents and other groups are criticizing this change. Teachers are also adjusting to this system, but they are trying and giving their best to continue education despite the negative feedbacks that they are receiving. It is during moments like this in which we should give our full cooperation. We need to support each other, teachers, students and parents. The Philippine educational system still has a long way to go. It will continue to undergo modifications and changes for the betterment of our educational system and hopefully, someday we will be able to provide quality education that is accessible to all.

    Reply
  75. The Educational System that we have today is a product of multi-cultural influence from a long line of remarkable history. In the ancient Philippines children were educated for academic and vocational needs. However, as the time passes by our educational system was changed, modified and is continually challenged brought by colonization and several historical events. This significant event led us to actively engaged in seeking independence, maintaining political, economic and academic freedom.

    Furthermore, in the status quo of our educational system it is not far from the previous battle cry of our ancestors to create a more suitable and academically fit instructions for our learners. The educational system itself is not faltering but is continually growing and in search of a well-founded solutions to the academic and educational problems.

    Reply
  76. The Educational System that we have today is a product of multi-cultural influence from a long line of remarkable history. In the ancient Philippines children were educated for academic and vocational needs. However, as the time passes by our educational system was changed, modified and is continually challenged brought by colonization and several historical events. This significant event led us to actively engaged in seeking independence, maintaining political, economic and academic freedom.

    Furthermore, in the status quo of our educational system it is not far from the previous battle cry of our ancestors to create a more suitable and academically fit instructions for our learners. The educational system itself is not faltering but is continually growing and in search of a well-founded solutions to the academic and educational problems.

    Reply
  77. This is indeed an enlightening article. Reading about the history of the Philippine Education system and knowing about its implication and contribution in today’s generation is somewhat mind and heart stirring. I believe that for us teachers it is crucial to know the obstacles and problems met by of past Filipino students and teachers and how they were able to come up for solutions and improvements. I understand that because of the many colonizers we encountered, our Educational system has a difficulty of creating one’s identity to call our own. From the Friars to the American soldiers and the Japanese teachers our educators selectively focused according to their priorities or area that they could be benefited from. Thus, because of our history, the Education in the country is considered at the lowest compared to other Asian countries.
    Actually, one item in this article that I want to mention about is the experiment done by Dr. Jose V. Aguilar on the usage of vernacular as a medium of instruction. Honestly, i didn’t know that this was already done in past and i find it exasperating to think that it was a failure and here we come again trying to incorporate it from the second time in our primary curriculum. Finally, I just hope that our Educators will once again examine this area and figure out its holistic outcome among the students.

    Reply
  78. After reading the article, I learned that the Ancient Philippine’s education system is far no different from the ancient education system of other countries which also started by training young boys and girls for survival or basically based on their daily needs. The Philippine’s education system went through a lot of alterations which primarily caused by colonization by several foreign countries and several historical events and I think Spaniards made a great impact on it in so many ways. Since then European Education System is instilled with Religion as its purpose to the entire archipelago primary schools, colleges and universities were established until another colonizers take over. From then on, our Education System is constantly enhancing and improving due to the desire to map development and strengthen the foundation of education in our country.

    Education is an important aspect that plays a huge role in the modern, industrialized world. People need a good education to be able to survive in this competitive world. I salute the leaders who have taken steps to see possible best teaching methods to further improve the education system in our country. If the Department of Education has introduced a new method and system, we should not hesitate to accept it because it has been studied and its purpose is to further develop the method of the education system in our country.

    The very point of education is continuation of knowledge, tagging along with more gained knowledge as time passes. This gained knowledge from all fields and all interests is what will fulfil the Filipinization of the Filipinos and Filipino institutions. It will take time, but that is the essence of education. Time will form our very own education – Filipinization.

    Reply
  79. The history entails a great adventure of education towards its betterment to serve the citizenry. The article illustrates the evolution and a lot of modification that has been done to the Philippine Educational System from its ancient times to present day generation.
    From a dictatorial and exclusive education to democratic and inclusive one. From using religion to teach the students to tailoring the instruction to the student’s needs. Each change made a big step towards what we have right now — An educational system that has been molded by change, time, efforts and scrutiny to teach with the passion to be effective and move every student’s lives to a brighter side. Not limited to those who can, but serving “education for all” as they say.
    Time makes everything gets better, one of the examples for that is what happened to our educational system. Due to development, adaptation and innovation, the field of education is getting better in answering and providing what is really the need and call of the society – to develop each one’s potential to become an asset towards enhancement of the community.
    Change is inevitable. It is a need for us to grow. I seconded the statement that, “unrealistic and expensive are not valid reasons”. Taking risks is part of improving. We should not be afraid of failing from trying, rather by being stagnant and without even taking actions towards the educational ills and lapses. If we’ll only take a blind eye towards the repetitive problems, we will never achieve the quality education we want to provide to our students. We should be thankful of change since we can still do something to the things we knew we are lacking.
    It is the colonizers who brought us education, but it is our duty, Filipinos, to be educated and make better education on our own. A relevant and flexible curriculum, productive-coordinated technocrats, good policy makers and leaders in education and quality teachers with effective methods of teaching are few of the requirements we need to achieve towards a responsive and excellence-showing Philippine Educational System. It is not yet close to perfection but through positive change and time, we are not also far from that.

    Reply
  80. The article highlights the foundation of the educational system of our country, Philippines. It showed how dynamic and interesting our way of education is then and now. It stated that because of foreign colonizers who consequently tried to put Philippines under their power that`s why the country`s educational system has to go through changes every now and then. This only proves how much impact and influence of the colonizers had not only to us, the people but also to our educational system.
    Starting from the early times of education specifically during the Spaniards era, when learning was much simpler in many forms. One of those, is the content to be studied which are mostly practical specifically vocational courses like agriculture and carpentry. This is mainly because, their primary goal is for survival and or for living. Religious and spiritual aspect was also emphasized during this time, Priesthood and monkhood were encouraged and were practiced and were carried on up to this state.
    Bright young Filipinos were also given the opportunity to take up higher education by the Americans during their era. And when the time came that we had independence, still out leaders continuously improved the system adapting one or two things from different countries and of course integrating our own.
    It was somehow moving to know that despite their will to colonized the country, still they gave Filipinos the chance to learn and acquire education. These colonizers paved the way and for me, because of the changes that the system had been through is what made it richer not just in techniques but also in culture. Still, there is no perfect curriculum but constantly the system is improving and is always trying to adapt to what`s relevant. However, not just only the system needs to evolve, so as the teachers who needs to constantly update and upgrade their techniques and methods of instruction for effectiveness and efficiency.

    Reply
  81. The article highlights the foundation of the educational system of our country, Philippines. It showed how dynamic and interesting our way of education is then and now. It was stated that because of foreign colonizers who consequently tried to put Philippines under their power that`s why the country`s educational system has to go through changes every now and then. Which only proves the impact of the colonizers have not only to us, the people but also to our educational system.
    Starting from the early times of education specifically during the Spaniards era, when learning was much simpler in many forms. One of those, is the content to be studied which are mostly practical specifically vocational courses like agriculture and carpentry. This is mainly because, their primary goal is for survival and or for living. Religious and spiritual aspect was also emphasized during this time, Priesthood and monkhood were encouraged and were practiced and were carried on up to this state.
    Bright young Filipinos were also given the opportunity by the Americans to take up higher education in American colleges and universities during their era. And when the time came that we had independence, still our leaders continuously improved the system adapting one or two things from different countries and of course integrating our own.
    It was somehow moving to know that despite their will to colonized the country, still they gave Filipinos the chance to learn and acquire education. These colonizers paved the way and for me, because of the changes that the system had been through is what made it richer not just in techniques but also in culture. Still, there is no perfect curriculum but constantly the system is improving and is always trying to adapt to what`s relevant. However, not just only the system needs to evolve, so as the teachers who needs to constantly update and upgrade their techniques and methods of instruction for effectiveness and efficiency.

    Reply
  82. The history of Philippine education help us understand how the past events shaped the present education systems. It is an evident that our system of education has greatly improved to provide and sustain the needs of Filipino for quality and relevant education. The way we are taught from the ancient times in academic and vocation like how our parents taught us help us shape great character. Upon learning those basic and simple ways of life, we Filipinos became more determined and responsible individuals. In this generation, access to quality education is possible and reachable with the help and support from the government , it only depends on the learner on how he would see the importance of learning.

    Reply
  83. What i learned from the history of education of the Philippines from the past years, particularly the contribution of the Americans in Education System, the teaching of English and adaptation as a medium of instructions in school made possible the existence of knowledge of the language among Filipinos. The impact of American education was also felt in the development of self-government among the Filipino. Certainly, no one can deny the importance of education in the political development of nations.

    Reply
  84. In order to understand the present, we must look through the lens of the past. Analyzing of how the past impacted the present.
    The purpose of educating minds is to emancipate and empower potentials improving society at once. This do not constrict to educate only the mind but to the moral and virtues as well. Aristotle once said “Educating the mind without educating the heart is no education at all”. To create a functioning learners that will be an asset for the progress of our country is to educate them holistically. With the advent of Globalization, there is a need to conform to changes even to our educational system in order to meet relevant standards and needs of society. However, this may be hard when the means of achieving the end are scarce.
    What has been today’s Philippine Educational System is a silver lining erected in the foundations of the dark colonial periods. Before the oppressor came, our forefathers were honing generations with informal educational necessary for survival. When Spaniards seized and leeched our country’s resources for most of the 333 years our people were denied with freedom in different aspects paralyzing the potential of great minds achieving great things. However, though how poignant those years have been it still have its contribution to the greatest art of our educational system. Averting ignorance of our forefathers with formal education in different disciplines although dividing the schools according to social ranking and blood didn’t gave a fair chance to education of every Filipinos. Filipinos’ faith and devotion to God increases as the Spaniards cloaked their principal aim with religion. Howbeit, their educational influence still apparent to our educational system today. The oldest universities, colleges, vocational schools and the first modern public education system in Asia are only some of their evidences.
    When the Americans swooped in to loosen our country’s chain from Spaniards, the educational trend emancipated us from the shackles of limited access to education. Equipping us with free formal education with no division at all in different disciplines while coercing no one about learning religion. They centered their teaching through English language. Students excelling academically were given privileges to be sent to the U.S. to continue their studies and to become experts in their desired fields or professions. These scholars were being funded by government. In return, they were to teach or work in government offices after they finished their studies. Upon reading, I realized that they levitate our knowledge and empowered our citizenry even more by promoting patriotism. This influence is still apparent to our government (DOST, CHED) funding bright minds with scholarship in prestigious universities locally and internationally.
    The Japanese people made us learn their language and the idea that they are the Filipinos’ friends. Though short was their time, they too contribute to the foundation of our educational system. The notable work of our government in improving the educational system after the deliberation of Philippines were very impressive. One of this is the Code of Ethics issued by President Quezon which was required to be taught in all schools to inculcate and revived Filipino values needed to empower a great nation. I admire his legacy as Filipinos’ moral fibers are strengthened and the spirit of patriotism kindled.
    The article I read let me peeped in to the history of our country’s merging educational contributors. Furthermore, it made me realized that certain things although how awful they are serve a purpose in creating a stronger nation. If the people perseveres and stand together, despite the diversity of philosophies and principles we can achieve greater things. In addition, it encourages me to value more the educational system we have by submerging to continuing professional development as it will contribute to the whole success of our nation. I couldn’t agree more with the article that we should equip our students with educational content relevant to the needs of society to lessen the up shooting unemployment rate. This is serious problem our country is facing right now. I’m glad that TESDA is providing skill trainings that can be utilized immensely domestically and internationally. It is an inevitable truth that we have to have quality teachers molded with solid foundations through educational training and should be compensated accordingly. Good teachers will mold quality learners contributing to a progressive economy.
    Finally, “Let us therefore study, my country men, for although the art of learning is somewhat difficult, yet if we are persevering, we shall soon improve our knowledge. “(-Tomas Pinpin (1610),” Patriarch of Filipino Printing”)

    Reply
  85. In order to understand the present, we must look through the lens of the past. Analyzing of how the past impacted the present.
    The purpose of educating minds is to emancipate and empower potentials improving society at once. This do not constrict to educate only the mind but to the moral and virtues as well. Aristotle once said “Educating the mind without educating the heart is no education at all”. To create a functioning learners that will be an asset for the progress of our country is to educate them holistically. With the advent of Globalization, there is a need to conform to changes even to our educational system in order to meet relevant standards and needs of society. However, this may be hard when the means of achieving the end are scarce.
    What has been today’s Philippine Educational System is a silver lining erected in the foundations of the dark colonial periods. Before the oppressor came, our forefathers were honing generations with informal educational necessary for survival. When Spaniards seized and leeched our country’s resources for most of the 333 years our people were denied with freedom in different aspects paralyzing the potential of great minds achieving great things. However, though how poignant those years have been it still have its contribution to the greatest art of our educational system. Averting ignorance of our forefathers with formal education in different disciplines although dividing the schools according to social ranking and blood didn’t gave a fair chance to education of every Filipinos. Filipinos’ faith and devotion to God increases as the Spaniards cloaked their principal aim with religion. Howbeit, their educational influence still apparent to our educational system today. The oldest universities, colleges, vocational schools and the first modern public education system in Asia are only some of their evidences.
    When the Americans swooped in to loosen our country’s chain from Spaniards, the educational trend emancipated us from the shackles of limited access to education. Equipping us with free formal education with no division at all in different disciplines while coercing no one about learning religion. They centered their teaching through English language. Students excelling academically were given privileges to be sent to the U.S. to continue their studies and to become experts in their desired fields or professions. These scholars were being funded by government. In return, they were to teach or work in government offices after they finished their studies. Upon reading, I realized that they levitate our knowledge and empowered our citizenry even more by promoting patriotism. This influence is still apparent to our government (DOST, CHED) funding bright minds with scholarship in prestigious universities locally and internationally.
    The Japanese people made us learn their language and the idea that they are the Filipinos’ friends. Though short was their time, they too contribute to the foundation of our educational system. The notable work of our government in improving the educational system after the deliberation of Philippines were very impressive. One of this is the Code of Ethics issued by President Quezon which was required to be taught in all schools to inculcate and revived Filipino values needed to empower a great nation. I admire his legacy as Filipinos’ moral fibers are strengthened and the spirit of patriotism kindled.
    The article I read let me peeped in to the history of our country’s merging educational contributors. Furthermore, it made me realized that certain things although how awful they are serve a purpose in creating a stronger nation. If the people perseveres and stand together, despite the diversity of philosophies and principles we can achieve greater things. In addition, it encourages me to value more the educational system we have by submerging to continuing professional development as it will contribute to the whole success of our nation. I couldn’t agree more with the article that we should equip our students with educational content relevant to the needs of society to lessen the up shooting unemployment rate. This is serious problem our country is facing right now. I’m glad that TESDA is providing skill trainings that can be utilized immensely domestically and internationally. It is an inevitable truth that we have to have quality teachers molded with solid foundations through educational training and should be compensated accordingly. Good teachers will mold quality learners contributing to a progressive economy.
    Finally, “Let us therefore study, my country men, for although the art of learning is somewhat difficult, yet if we are persevering, we shall soon improve our knowledge. “(-Tomas Pinpin (1610),” Patriarch of Filipino Printing”)

    Reply
  86. This article focuses on the History of Philippine Education, which gives emphasis on the different countries that colonizes the country. Philippines has its own way of educating, through its culture. But a establishment of an educational systems starts when different countries like Spain, America and Japan colonizes the country.

    The Philippine Educational System has been influenced by the Spaniards through their religious/ catholic schools which is nowadays still present. The Americans also influence much in the Education through its language, and as well as the Japanese.

    As to this article it summarizes up how the Educational System in the Philippines has develop through time. There are just some parts in which it did not relate much, like the Iloilo Experiment, it may have contributed to the improvement of Philippine Education but not much on changing history.

    Reply
  87. The roots of Education are bitter, but the fruits are sweet. -Aristotle

    It is indeed a long journey of our present educational system to be where it is now which can be looked upon the lens of our country’s colonial history. For most of the 333 years of torment from Spaniards leeching the richness of our home land our people were denied with suffrage in different aspects paralyzing the potential of great minds achieving great things. However, though how poignant those years have been it still have its contribution to the greatest art of our educational system. Gauging ignorance of our forefathers with formal education in different disciplines although dividing the schools according to social ranking and blood didn’t gave a fair chance to our countrymen towards access of education. Filipinos’ faith and devotion to God increases for it is inculcated in the educational curricula as the Spaniards cloaked their principal aim of seizing our country with religion.
    Howbeit, their educational influence still apparent to our educational system today. The oldest universities, colleges, vocational schools and the first modern public education system in Asia were evidences of this.
    When the Americans swooped in to loosen our country’s chain from Spaniards, the educational trend emancipated us from the shackles of limited access to education. Equipping us with free formal education in different disciplines while coercing no one about learning religion. They venture remote areas to establish elementary, intermediate and high school public schools. With no gender division in school system and the incorporation of learning their language to the curriculum unlike the Spaniards, they levitate our knowledge and empowered the citizenry even more promoting patriotism.
    Students excelling academically were sent to the U.S. to continue their studies and to become experts in their desired fields or professions. They were called “scholars”, and “pensionados” because the government funds them. In return, they were to teach or work in government offices after they finished their studies. This influence is still apparent to our government (DOST, CHED) still funding bright minds with scholarship in prestigious universities locally and internationally. In addition, the use of English language in the study of most disciplines is still effective in our curriculum. The implementation of proper hygiene which was first taught by Americans are still practiced in our elementary schools as teachers do inspections to the basic hygiene and guide pupils in doing oral hygiene.
    What has been today’s Philippine Educational System is a silver lining erected in the foundations of the dark colonial period.
    _________________________________________________________________________

    The purpose of educating minds is to emancipate and empower potentials improving society at once. However, this may be hard when the means of achieving the end are scarce.
    I agree with the article that we should equip our students with educational content relevant to the needs of society to lessen the up shooting unemployment rate. I’m glad that TESDA is providing skill trainings that can be utilized immensely even to the other country. This will help producing the “educated unemployed.” In addition, I couldn’t agree more to the fact that we have to have quality teachers molded with solid foundations through educational training compensated accordingly.

    Finally, “Let us therefore study, my country men, for although the art of learning is somewhat difficult, yet if we are persevering, we shall soon improve our knowledge. “ (-Tomas Pinpin (1610), ”Patriarch of Filipino Printing”).

    Reply
  88. This article gave us understanding on how the Philippine Educational System developed. After decades of being colonized by foreign countries, our way of living significantly changed and some of their teachings are still practiced at present. Foreign countries did not only affect our way of living but also the kind of education system that we have. In ancient times, the education of our ancestors used to focus on acquiring their necessities. During the colonization period of the foreign countries, the Filipinos were given privilege to acquire new knowledge. We became obedient and God-fearing Christians because of the influence of Spaniards. Bright young Filipinos were able to take higher education in American colleges and universities during the American period. Filipinos were able to learn also other language. When our country finally gained liberty, our leaders also made changes to improve further the educational system of the country.
    After reading the article, I realized that the impact brought about by the colonizers has become part of who and what the Filipino people are today. This proves that change is necessary. Changes are necessary for us to develop and improve so that we can reach our full potential. With our present educational system, the government and the people must work hand in hand to achieve this goal. Our government’s main priority is to provide a quality education that will allow Filipinos to compete globally. Quality education requires quality teachers. This means that teachers must be equipped with the different teaching methodologies. For a successful teaching-learning method, teachers must also understand the psychology of their learners. An effective teacher produces an effective learner.

    Reply
  89. This article gave us understanding on how the Philippine Educational System developed. After decades of being colonized by foreign countries, our way of living significantly changed and some of their teachings are still practiced at present. Foreign countries did not only affect our way of living but also the kind of education system that we have. In ancient times, the education of our ancestors used to focus on acquiring their necessities. During the colonization period of the foreign countries, the Filipinos were given privilege to acquire new knowledge. We became obedient and God-fearing Christians because of the influence of Spaniards. Bright young Filipinos were able to take higher education in American colleges and universities during the American period. Filipinos were able to learn also other language. When our country finally gained liberty, our leaders also made changes to improve further the educational system of the country.
    After reading the article, I realized that the impact brought about by the colonizers has become part of who and what the Filipino people are today. This proves that change is necessary. Changes are necessary for us to develop and improve so that we can reach our full potential. With our present educational system, the government and the people must work hand in hand to achieve this goal. Our government’s main priority is to provide a quality education that will allow Filipinos to compete globally. Quality education requires quality teachers. This means that teachers must be equipped with the different teaching methodologies. For a successful teaching-learning method, teachers must also understand the psychology of their learners. An effective teacher produces an effective learner.

    Reply
  90. Education is one of the basic priorities that our government looks into, millions of pesos allotted into it to make our education system productive and globally competitive. According to the Doctrine of Uniformity, “The Present is the Key to the Past”, and this is also applied to the type of education system we have today which is a product of the education we have in the past. So, we have to trace the history of our education system to lead us the way for better quality education best suited to the present generation. We are now in the 21st century where students are free to offer their opinions & ideas, and as well as being able to practice Do-it-yourself activities. Different countries have different ways for administering education that is in accord to their cultures and beliefs, like being focused on religion, skills, and moral values. I am still able to recall the 3 R’s system we have in the elementary and CAT (Citizen Army Training) in high school, a mandatory requirement for graduating students. In our time we can easily communicate using Tagalog and English languages. Today, most of the students don’t know how to speak in Tagalog except for those living in places using the said language, discussions and memorization were methods used to teach during our time. The Spanish regime influenced the native Filipinos to be obedient and God-fearing Christians. The Goal of the Americans was to “Educate and train in the science of self-government”, as for the Japanese, they helped promote the idea that Japan was a friend of the Filipinos and opened their language and culture to us. All these influences marked the development of our education. Thus, the K to 12 education system we have today is what we think is the best for this generation and for the reason to align with other highly competitive countries. Several researches conducted to prove the effectivity of our present type of education. Nevertheless, it is not in the system of education that lies in the success of an individual economically, but, on how the students internalize and apply the education they have received from the formal and informal institutions of the society they live in.

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  91. This is no such thing a perfect curriculum in the whole world, but what makes the curriculum a ‘perfect’ one is the right time and right execution.

    If curriculum is pertinent in a certain situation, it must not be demonstrated as one of the required skills for the learners to be expected to perform. Hence, the current educational system in the Philippines contradicts the idea of teaching the religious-related subject to learners because people have different religions and beliefs. But nowadays, the basic education public schools, assigned instructors by religious group can teach the practices and beliefs to the learners unless with the approval of the learners’ parents. In relation with this, the legacy of education under the Americans abolished the religious instruction of Spaniards and forth brough Filipino people to universities.

    These two events in Philippine Educational System implies that our educational system is always adapting to the trend for basic and advanced knowledge. The improvement of country’s educational system brought every Filipino people accesses the education as a right with exceptional curriculum in education today. Introducing a new concept of knowledge to Filipino learners cannot only give ways to survive but also the opportunity to advance in the field they choose. Whatever situations the Philippine Education would be facing, either having a face-to-face class or modular and online class, still the quality of education serves the Filipino People.

    Reply
  92. This is no such thing a perfect curriculum in the whole world, but what makes the curriculum a ‘perfect’ one is the right time and right execution.

    If curriculum is pertinent in a certain situation, it must not be demonstrated as one of the required skills for the learners to be expected to perform. Hence, the current educational system in the Philippines contradicts the idea of teaching the religious-related subject to learners because people have different religions and beliefs. But nowadays, the basic education public schools, assigned instructors by religious group can teach the practices and beliefs to the learners unless with the approval of the learners’ parents. In relation with this, the legacy of education under the Americans abolished the religious instruction of Spaniards and forth brough Filipino people to universities.

    These two events in Philippine Educational System implies that our educational system is always adapting to the trend for basic and advanced knowledge. The improvement of country’s educational system brought every Filipino people accesses the education as a right with exceptional curriculum in education today. Introducing a new concept of knowledge to Filipino learners cannot only give ways to survive but also the opportunity to advance in the field they choose. Whatever situations the Philippine Education would be facing, either having a face-to-face class or modular and online class, still the quality of education serves the Filipino People.

    Reply
  93. It is heartwarming to note that the colonizers of our country before had the mission of providing education despite the negative events that happened way back then. Without these colonizers, our system of education would probably have a slow progress in terms of improving its ways and means in providing quality education.

    Reply
  94. It is heartwarming to note that the colonizers of our country before had the mission of providing education despite the negative events that happened way back then. Without these colonizers, our system of education would probably have a slow progress in terms of improving its ways and means in providing quality education.

    Reply
  95. Development of our curriculum is a challenging job, it requires experience and legal basis supported by different researches and studies.

    I support the idea that the main purpose of education is to mold the students by maximizing the things they can do and working on the things they can’t do. This can be done without compromising the necessary and useful skills they need to learn to survive in life.

    I once asked my Grade 10 students “For you, what is the main goal of the Philippine Educational System?”. One of them answered “ To bring hell to our lives sir”. So I asked “why?”. Based on his explanation, he can’t see the relevance between learning chemical reactions and universal law of gravitation to his life as a musician. Another student expressed that she can’t relate to “Pagsusulat sa Wikang Filipino” as a useful tool in applying for NASA someday.

    Why is that? The students give importance to the concept behind the word “relevance”. How is this useful in my journey as a professional dancer? How will these things help me become a pro chef in the future?. Yes, teachers can somehow look for a well constructed explanation on how the things they learn in school are useful in daily life activities. Well eventually, these students will gain experiences in life and they will be the one to decide if the information and skills they learned from us are useful or not.

    K-12 is a young system yet its goals are very good and promising but, it seems like there are some overlooked parts. It aims to connect the different subjects to emphasize the idea that one discipline is useful in explaining another discipline’s terms and concepts. It’s good right? Yes it is but, some topics are not complementing with each other. Example science use the concepts of unit Circles in Grade 8 but Math tackles it in Grade 10. Students also can’t retrieve the concepts in Physics 8 First Grading, which are useful in Physics 10 Second Grading. I saw the transcripts of my student from Japan and I liked it. Japan’s system divided the fields of Science partnered it with the fields in MAPEH. Biology and Health for g8 level, Chemistry and Arts in g9 level, and Physics and PE in Grade 10 level. This way they maximize the idea of inter connectedness.

    I would like to emphasize that this article helps me understand the process of curriculum enhancement backed up by the influences of the different colonizers and generations.

    I am new in the teaching industry and I knew that some of my points here may sound sublime or illogical. Its part of the process though, I will definitely learn from the seasoned teachers in my field and if my inputs are needed, I will gladly share my thoughts and opinions as a modern teacher in this modern world. Lets improve our Country’s Educational System to produce locally and globally competitive students, who are God fearing, Nature loving, Good Abiding Citizens and Patriotic, both in academics, arts and vocational aspects

    Reply
  96. The author’s article A History of the System of Education in the Philippines – Its Implication for the Present Generation highlighted the diverse journey of our educational system in the Philippines. It went through a lot of modifications and shows the courage of our ancestors to adapt the different philosophies and practices brought by the different cultures in our country. Philippines underwent a lot of changes before having established a system of education.

    One of my reactions to the article was the strong impact of Religion brought by the Spaniards in to our country. They taught us to be obedient and God-fearing individuals. Hence, education is more likely biased and unfair at the beginning. Filipinos must have been suppressing intense hunger for education but only Spanish and those with Spanish blood can have access to it.
    I think that the coming of the Americans has a huge impact into our education. Some Filipinos were given the opportunity to take up higher education and leverage their knowledge for them to be one of the leaders and advocates of modernization. On the other hand, I am immensely grateful that Pres. Quezon greatly encouraged the revival of native culture as well as strengthening the moral fibers of the Filipinos and to foster love to our country so we won’t forget the reasons why we strive for education, and one of those reasons must bring back something for our community and in our country.

    Also, I think that the experiment of Dr. Jose V. Aguilar with the use of vernacular instruction is not a very helpful strategy. In connection to this, MTB is also integrated in the curriculum for primary grades these days. I must say that using it as the medium of instruction won’t be as of great help to generate globally competitive learners. Thus, it adds more confusion and difficulty for them to understand concepts as they continue to climb the educational ladder.
    “Educational Thrust of the New Society and Today”, I believe that the school is part of the support environment that helps individuals to be well-grounded to face a transforming and challenging world. I think for us educators; it must have been a weight on our shoulders to make sure that we are nurturing our learners in all aspects of growth to achieve their full potential. Thus, I believe that what we all need is the “Courage and energy for action to sustain and to invigorate the lives of the citizenry.”

    Reply
  97. The author’s article A History of the System of Education in the Philippines – Its Implication for the Present Generation highlighted the diverse journey of our educational system in the Philippines. It went through a lot of modifications and shows the courage of our ancestors to adapt the different philosophies and practices brought by the different cultures in our country. Philippines underwent a lot of changes before having established a system of education.
    One of my reactions to the article was the strong impact of Religion brought by the Spaniards in to our country. They taught us to be obedient and God-fearing individuals. Hence, education is more likely biased and unfair at the beginning. Filipinos must have been suppressing intense hunger for education but only Spanish and those with Spanish blood can have access to it.
    I think that the coming of the Americans has a huge impact into our education. Some Filipinos were given the opportunity to take up higher education and leverage their knowledge for them to be one of the leaders and advocates of modernization. On the other hand, I am immensely grateful that Pres. Quezon greatly encouraged the revival of native culture as well as strengthening the moral fibers of the Filipinos and to foster love to our country so we won’t forget the reasons why we strive for education, and one of those reasons must bring back something for our community and in our country.
    Also, I think that the experiment of Dr. Jose V. Aguilar with the use of vernacular instruction is not a very helpful strategy. In connection to this, MTB is also integrated in the curriculum for primary grades these days. I must say that using it as the medium of instruction won’t be as of great help to generate globally competitive learners. Thus, it adds more confusion and difficulty for them to understand concepts as they continue to climb the educational ladder.
    “Educational Thrust of the New Society and Today”, I believe that the school is part of the support environment that helps individuals to be well-grounded to face a transforming and challenging world. I think for us educators; it must have been a weight on our shoulders to make sure that we are nurturing our learners in all aspects of growth to achieve their full potential. Thus, I believe that what we all need is the “Courage and energy for action to sustain and to invigorate the lives of the citizenry.”

    Reply
  98. Looking back from how and where our Educational system was established, we can say that it was initially for survival. The educational system before was practical. Later, it was developed into something more comprehensive. As time went by, our educational system became more specific and more organized. However, we cannot deny the fact that the product of today’s educational system has become impractical compared before. We may see a lot of college graduates and a lot of degree holders or even professionals and yet they work in a complete different field. Maybe because today’s educational system became so focused on the curriculum (written/books) and not on the skills and potential of the individual.

    Reply
  99. Looking back from how and where our Educational system was established, we can say that it was initially for survival. The educational system before was practical. Later, it was developed into something more comprehensive. As time went by, our educational system became more specific and more organized. However, we cannot deny the fact that the product of today’s educational system has become impractical compared before. We may see a lot of college graduates and a lot of degree holders or even professionals and yet they work in a complete different field. Maybe because today’s educational system became so focused on the curriculum (written/books) and not on the skills and potential of the individual. But I think our educators are slowly changing the ways on how a practical education should be in the near future.

    Reply
  100. I appreciate the beauty of history whether they are accurately written here or not (as some comments reflect here). What I find significant is how our country arrived at the moment when we could already have our own system. Whether we like it or not, we are a product of different cultures brought by different colonizers. All these added to the richness of our educational system now. None the less, our Filipino leaders in the past strived and contributed in many ways.
    The system of our education per se is not a total crash. In my opinion, it is the people who mishandle things that make the system dysfunctional. The objective of education which is to improve the society presents a very ideal concept. Educational policies gearing towards the benefits of both the teachers and students are exemplary good. However, what’s frustrating is the manner of implementation of those policies.
    This is a real challenge to all educators whether they are those at the high level positions or those who are considered as nameless ordinary teachers who endeavour the concrete realities in the field.

    Reply
  101. I appreciate the beauty of history whether they are accurately written here or not (as some comments reflect here). What I find significant is how our country arrived at the moment when we could already have our own system. Whether we like it or not, we are a product of different cultures brought by different colonizers. All these added to the richness of our educational system now. None the less, our Filipino leaders in the past strived and contributed in many ways.
    The system of our education per se is not a total crash. In my opinion, it is the people who mishandle things that make the system dysfunctional. The objective of education which is to improve the society presents a very ideal concept. Educational policies gearing towards the benefits of both the teachers and students are exemplary good. However, what’s frustrating is the manner of implementation of those policies.
    This is a real challenge to all educators whether they are those at the high level positions or those who are considered as nameless ordinary teacher who endeavor the concrete realities in the field.

    Reply
  102. There are two important things I’ve learned from this article. First, education should be geared toward the children’s needs. The History of the System of Education in our country has truly underwent several changes. For instance, in the ancient times, children were trained under the supervision of their parents. The purpose of teaching them during that time is for them to learn survival skills such as fishing, mining, cooking, and gardening. Those skills are needed so that our children will survive and continue to exist. Similarly, as an educator, we need to at all times ensure that what we are teaching our children are truly essential, relevant, and is according to their needs. Second, colonization has brought significant changes in our system of education. We owe our education from colonizers too. For instance, the coming of Spain to our country led to the introduction of the European system of education. Through this, primary schools, colleges and universities were established in our country. Spaniards have taught us to become obedient and God-fearing Christians. Americans on the other hand, have taught us their language. As a result, most of us today are capable of speaking and writing English fluently. The history of the System of Education in the Philippines implies that we need to continue the quest in providing quality education because in the end, it is for the benefit of our children and for the betterment of the entire nation.

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  103. As time goes by, the education seems to evolve as knowledge and researches increase. Education has become a tool in forming the very foundation of the society. History shows that each colonizer in our country use education to gain political control. This is used to bring total control on the population and achieve its desired goals. This only shows that education is powerful and can convey changes on the society.

    However, for me, education must not be used as a controlling agent. It should not be fueled by motive to brainwash the populant. Instead, it should be geared in meeting the demands of our society, as what education should be; for the betterment of the individual, to uplift our humanity from the turmoils that surrounds in our environment.

    I’m glad that the author accentuate the need for continuous positive changes in our education system. This is important for we know that systems may be proven obsolete as time passes by. The world is shifting towards globalization; for us to not get left behind, it is empirical to make our educational systems adapt to the current global demands.

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  104. As I was reading this article, I have concluded that the Philippine Educational System has greatly improved since ancient times. Powerful countries colonized us, which has a plethora of effects on the present times and caused some of our ancient teachings forgotten.

    Spaniards colonized and taught Filipinos to be God-fearing individuals. Americans propagated English language, which is now a leading language of international discourse. The Japanese instilled their language and culture in educating Filipinos. If these were not part of our history, we could have had a much more different educational system. We could end up stuck in an era of primitive life. Things do happen for a reason. My point is, we need change to acquire something beautiful.

    As to the Filipinos in the present times, who neglected change and think change is not necessary, and I quote, “unrealistic and expensive”, maybe it’s time for them to change, too. I mean, they should go out in the field and discover for themselves the crisis the Philippine Educational System is facing. That is why the hunger for change is there because they know that something is not producing remarkable outputs anymore. We need to adapt to the rapidly-changing world, or we’ll be left behind.

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  105. Education in the ancient times was never given importance. This was never doomed to be of topmost priority. During those periods, teachings were focused on how the person be of great help in the society and in the country. The development of education has underwent a lot of challenges and sacrifices before an equal access to education took place. For me, the coming of different colonizers in the Philippines has greatly influenced the kind of development in education we are enjoying right now. In connection, for me, the reason why the Philippines has been left behind when it comes to the economic status was because of the lack of support in education provided by the government. Even before the implementation of the K to 12 curriculum, Filipino professionals who wished to work abroad in lined with their professions were still considered below foreign levels because of the educational system the Philippines has adapted.

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  106. The essence of education to mankind is to gain knowledge and change the world in a good way, making it a better place to live. Educating people is necessary to unleash their skills, talents and potentials, thus ensuring one’s progress and development. It is fundamental with the fact that it primarily aims on making everyone become productive, hence, it allow every person to give valuable contributions for the society’s development. Education also plays an important role on building person’s good character by means of teaching values and moral principles. Over the years, the needs of the people to survive and to live with peace and harmony have altered due to advancements and increased globalization. Hence, there is also a necessity to take a step and ameliorate the educational system, intending to cope with the constant changes.

    This article substantially provided details as to how foreign countries made such an impact to the kind of educational system that Philippines have in the present. Our ancestors had experienced the life of being colonized by Spaniards, Americans and Japanese, and instilled them with different teachings based on the norms, cultures and traditions of every countries. As it is known, before the colonizers came, the early Filipinos’ kind of education primarily focuses on honing their basic survival skills which aims to suffice their needs and sustain their living. As the colonizers came into the Philippines, the Filipinos’ way of living have significantly changed. During Spanish regime, Filipinos were coerced to learn their religious belief and embrace Catholicism. In the American colonization, educating Filipinos, particularly to their language became their top priority. During Japan’s colonization period, Filipinos were obliged to learn their language. When Philippines finally set at liberty, the Philippine government took charge in handling the education in the country. Philippines’ previous leaders exert an effort on establishing some educational policies for the development and improvement of the society.

    As a reader, this article gave me some point of realizations. It made me realize that the learning from our forefathers were actually the seeds that were once planted, and it grow into something that cannot be taken away from us, our knowledge. This knowledge made us understand, communicate and connect with other people, regardless of their race and origin. It made me appreciate the existence of diversity. There are some important teachings from colonists that made us become of who we are today. Because of the knowledge that our ancestors obtained from them, they have learned various ways and techniques on how to use our resources that essentially lift the economy and most of all, it helped Filipinos established Philippines as an independent country. Furthermore, it enlightened me that educational changes is necessary and should take place, whether it leads to success or failure. To achieve growth and development, one should take a step and make a change, same thing with education. I am totally agree that educational content must always be relevant and flexible. Its content should focus on inculcating the learners on essential skill which can produce creative, lifelong learners and lastly, learners that can compete globally.

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  107. This article is about how the Philippine Education started. When it comes to influence, the educational system of the Philippines has been affected immensely by the country’s colonial history including the Spanish period, American period, and Japanese rule and occupation. Even though our education underwent several changes because of colonization we also retained some of the ancient teachings which are practical until during our time. We learned from the Spaniards to be obedient and God-fearing Christians. Americans made it a point to teach English to the Filipinos. The American soldiers were the first teachers of the Filipinos.

    According to Nelson Mandela, “Education is the most powerful weapon which you can use to change the world.” We must not forget to remind them that above everything else we must prioritize the quality of education that the young Filipinos will get. And the government and its constituents must help each other hand-in-hand to achieve the best kind of education we can give to them.

    Reply
  108. This article is about how the Philippine Education started. When it comes to influence, the educational system of the Philippines has been affected immensely by the country’s colonial history including the Spanish period, American period, and Japanese rule and occupation. Even though our education underwent several changes because of colonization we also retained some of the ancient teachings which are practical until during our time. We learned from the Spaniards to be obedient and God-fearing Christians. Americans made it a point to teach English to the Filipinos. The American soldiers were the first teachers of the Filipinos…

    According to Nelson Mandela, “Education is the most powerful weapon which you can use to change the world.” We must not forget to remind them that above everything else we must prioritize the quality of education that the young Filipinos will get. And the government and its constituents must help each other hand-in-hand to achieve the best kind of education we can give to them.

    Reply
  109. there is bias in stating history of the curriculum of the Philippines. for instance the history regarding the contact of early Filipinos with Arabs and Chinese is not stated here. how does the manila lakan and datus rule regarding educational and curriculum of their children who are in school. how is arabic language in mindanao even today live with madrasa schooling.

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  110. This article adds knowledge on the role of education in the society. It flashes out common notion that education lifts every individual from poverty in the country rather, education defines the stares of success of where educated people lived. For a moment by reading this article, a passing by question struck my mind saying, “What could be the level of education in the Philippines without the them-the foreign countries colonized us?”.
    As I run through the reading, I again was startled by the fact that Spaniards did not give more emphasis on their language in teaching Filipinos, instead, Americans did otherwise. This will oppose to what we Filipinos believe in that patronizing our own language in all areas will somehow help the development of the country. No wonder why America is more develop than Europe back then. From this article, I admire Dr. Jose V. Aguilar for taking the risk to experiment and include vernacular as a medium for learning.
    Nevertheless, I strongly agree of what this article has stated that education must have the content focusing on the need of the society of this country. That education must be flexible enough to embrace changes.

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  111. For the past four centuries, the country was colonized by different nationalities, namely, Spaniards, Americans, Japanese, resulting to the diversification of our cultures. Not only that, these group of people introduced different principles in our educational system, based on their cultural approach. Hence, we adapted cultures from each group, acquiring Christianity from Spaniards, formal education from Americans, and language from Japanese. These things were like being put together and were applied in our educational system today.

    In present times, we have schools, especially private ones which were built by the Spaniards, who taught religion. And with the advent of American’s formal education, these schools adapted their curriculum, however, the teaching of religion remains. Also, during the American regime, a lot of the Filipinos become more and more passionate about education. Thus, public schools were also built around the country to sustain their hunger to be educated. Lastly, it was Japanese who enriched Filipino’s hard work, as they also focused on teaching “Love for Labor”. With that, they started teaching vocational as Japanese values skills and craftsmanship, aside from mandating their language throughout the archipelago.

    These things greatly influenced our system of education as we adapted from what they have started, such that, ’til today we teach religion in private schools, EsP in public schools which also focuses on Morals, and lastly, TESDA is now in collaboration with the Department of Education.

    Indeed, “the past is the key to the present!”

    Reply
  112. Thank you for a clear, and very informative article about the history of the Philippines’ educational system. It is evident that our system of education has greatly improved to provide and sustain the needs of the Filipinos for a quality and relevant education. It has evolved throughout the years, and has adapted to the major changes in the Philippine context. These pedagogical shifts are a solid proof of our willingness and passion to liberate ourselves from illiteracy, mediocrity, and poverty, and this further shows how resilient and adaptive Filipinos are in times of adversities and uncertainties.

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  113. EDUCATION is the wealth of knowledge acquired by an individual after studying particular subject matters or experiencing life lessons that provide an understanding of something.Yes, it is definitely an invisible wealth, as our ancestors had usually said to their young ones that it is the only wealth that they can bestow upon us which cannot be stolen. And talking of bestowing education, our parents served as our first teachers had started educating us at home. As previously mentioned by the author, that the father trained his sons to be warriors, hunters, fishermen, miners, lumbermen and ship builders. The mother on her part trained her daughters in cooking, gardening, serving and other household arts.These teachings are basics but are important in nurturing our children, and it is merely an EDUCATION.

    The article helps the readers understand the History of the of the education system in the Philippines as to how education in our country started, and what are its implications for the present generations.

    After four centuries and a half of being a colony of Spain, America and Japan, the concern of the Filipino educators and policy makers is the Filipinization of the Filipinos and Filipino institutions.

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  114. The Philippine educational system had been through a lot. Now, we are continuously trying to survive the uphill battles in the quest for the best type of education we can employ to “develop an individual’s potential to improve our society.” Educators of today are being optimistic that with the learners and the country at the top of our priority we can win the impending war against ignorance in its many forms.

    Reply
  115. I think the spanish education make a big impact in our education during their regime in Philippines. They make the native Filipinos obedient and God fearing as Christians… religion subjects was made compulsory at all levels from primary schools to the universities. And this is still practice this present days by other school specially the catholic schools…

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  116. In the paragraph portion where it says: “It is said that in ancient Panay, there was a barangay school called Bothoan under the charge of the teacher usually an old man. The subjects taught to the children in this barangay school were reading, writing, arithmetic, use of weapons and lubus (acquiring kinaadman or amulets).”, I have questions. Do we have the proof to show that this is true? Can we see some ancient script and materials of reading and writing that they use during that time? And if this is really true, when was the time that this happen? Did this happen before the Spaniards came to the Philippines ?

    In the statement: “It is interesting to note that for nearly 300 years, education in the Philippines was the primary responsibility of the Catholic Church. ”, I would like to comment. It is also interesting to ask what is the effect of this nearly 300 years of Catholic Church education domination to the Philippines today. 300 hundred years is a very long time. So, this very long time influence naturally have some deep and ingrained effects on the linguistics, culture and psychological mindset of the Filipinos.

    I would like to disagree on the statement: “The United States had a different approach dictated by what the Americans considered to be their principal goal in coming to the Philippines – “to educate and to train in the science of self-government.” I think the primary goal of the Americans in coming to the Philippines is to use and exploit its resources for their benefit; other reasons are secondary in nature. Remember that the Philippines were bought by the US from Spain. Although we can all agree that we are in a better management under the US than that of Spain but we cannot deny the fact that having the Philippines as a new territory from the US did come with great cost.

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  117. Thank you for the informative history, I’m just startle I thought educational system in the Philippines is fully developed by itself. But it was a lot of country helped and contributed to the quality of our educational system.
    We should be grateful in Spanish regime during our history for incorporated us the Christian religion here in the Philippines which was the compulsory subject in all school level during old ancient. But in present generation it was diminished it just now a topic in one subject which is ESP or GMRC. I hope they worthily bring back again that subject because this will help our youth to become closer and have fear to our God.
    American regime also administered educational system in our country that is to learn us English language which are we use wherever and really essential.
    However, in our country during President Quezon regime had also excellent contribution in our country that was implementing of Code of Ethics which is really helpful and quite good to our student to commit.
    Whatsoever, the history of the system of education in our country came. All countries who included for the contribution is agreeable for the attribute of our educational system at present. I hope also educational system in our new society will continue to improve the quality of education so that we the Filipino country can associate confidently to the other countries.

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  118. This article made me contemplate on the impact of colonialism to the Philippine educational system and even to our way of life. In fact, curriculum adjustment and innovations are directed towards keeping up with the advancement of the world. However, policy makers and education managers must see to it that necessary preparations and required resources and logistics are all in place for the changes.

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  119. This article made me ponder on the numerous influences other countries had brought into the Philippine educational system and the several curriculum adjustments it has to make in order to cope with the demands of the world. Although these influences and changes have really helped in improving the quality of education, policy makers should also see to it that the system can provide bridges for the gaps brought about by these changes. I believe that education must first provide the learners’ needs before the world’s. Logistics must be at hand for any changes made.

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  120. This article really helped us to trace back how education started in this world. Known colonizers in our country contributed a lot to our knowledge today despite of the negative insights we have heard from our elders and read in some books in an educational institution about how they ran our country before. You will notice also that people before were not given with equal access to formal education not like today. In this generation, access to quality education is possible with the help of the government, so the challenge today is how an individual or learner learns the content being taught by a teacher. It was given emphasis in the article that our country needs a quality teacher with effective methods of teaching. This article also helped us, teachers, to realize that we can do more about educating a learner knowing we have a lot of resources to use inside the classroom compared to the old education we have in Philippines.

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  121. Our country’s educational system are all results of colonialism, backed up by our rich history of being colonized for three centuries by the Spanish regime, followed for nearly five decades by the US occupation.

    One of the milestones in the Philippine education is that the government actively seeks to expand access and participation in higher education and, most importantly, tries to improve the quality of education.

    I think that we just have to be more open to educational opportunities, and maximize our edge as English-speaking citizens, mainly in global commerce and education. Being more pro-active in teaching ourselves to be our responsible innovators for our own professional and financial gain. Through research, we might actually stumble on some local grants, interesting online courses and international scholarships that can educationally and economically upgrade us. The continuity of learning and education, are still the greatest investments we could give to ourselves and the country.

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  122. sana mabasa nyo po ito … ako po kabilang ng aking mga kagrupo ay nag papalabas ng isang makasaysayang dula sa larangan ng entablado … ito po ay stage play ang pamagat ay KAGITINGAN Bataan Has Fallen … nilalayon po namin na matulungan ang ating mga guro na ipaalam sa libo-libong estudyante dito sa pilipinas na kung ano ang kahalagahan ng history ng pilipinas at kung sino sino ang mga naging bayani ng noong ikalawang digmaan ….. ang grupo ko po ay ALTITUDE THEATER ARTS PRODUCTION !!! KUNG MAY KATANUNGAN PA PO KAU KINDLY pm ME ON FACEBOOK kENNETH LEE or sa email namin na altitude_graphics@yahoo.com

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    • The article shows how Philippine educational system has been influenced by the country’s colonial history. Children on those days were trained and provided more on vocational training and less academics. Colonization in the past brought many cultural and traditional change to the country from being practical to religious and to being political. The impact brought about by the colonizers has become part of who and what the filipino people are today and it is heartwarming knowing that colonizers from our country before had the mission of providing education despite the event happened way back then. Indeed, Education has become a tool in forming the very foundation of the society.

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    • The challenge of remembering this critical period in Philippine history has never been greater, especially in this age of social media and pandemic. But the challenge must be faced, both for historical accuracy and justice. It is also important for the Philippine’s integrity as a nation since it’s Constitution highlights the values of human rights, democracy and social justice.Even there are many changes in education curriculum the goal was always to adheres the needs of the learners in the society. The pandemic has given new opportunities for learning, though. Experiencing a one and a-half year in facing pandemic is a challenge to every learners yet many opportunities for learning have become available online. Educators, activists, historians and other social scientists have worked together this pandemic to provide webinars that make historical discussions more accessible to educators and students, like we did now in our MAED class. This teach us to be more flexible and patient in dealing the current situation of education. Again as one of my favourite quote from a Greek philosopher Aristotle says that “The roots of education education are bitter but the fruit is sweet” and this what we experience nowadays in the field of teaching- learning process.

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  123. I’d like to comment on the topic the Iloilo experiment. In light with MTB-MLE this was the first recorded attempt on the use of the first language as LOI. It was not really fiasco on the educational system as presented in this blog.

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