A History of the System of Education in the Philippines – Its Implication for the Present Generation




In ancient Philippines, children were given the rudiments of education. Such education was both academic and vocation. The father trained his sons to be warriors, hunters, fishermen, miners, lumbermen and ship builders. The mother on her part trained her daughters in cooking, gardening, serving and other household arts.

It is said that in ancient Panay, there was a barangay school called Bothoan under the charge of the teacher usually an old man. The subjects taught to the children in this barangay school were reading, writing, arithmetic, use of weapons and lubus (acquiring kinaadman or amulets).

Hence, education during that time was geared toward their needs. Because of colonization by several foreign countries and several historical events, our education underwent several changes although we also retained some of the ancient teachings which are practical even during our time.




With the country’s celebration of independence in 1946, scarcely seven decades ago, have come every aspect of educational system in line with the new status of a new nation seeking to achieve and maintain political and economic independence and to fashion a nation truly united out of social and cultural diversities.

Introduction of the Western or European System of Education

With the coming of Spain, the European system of education was introduced to the archipelago. Primary schools, colleges and universities were established in our country by the missionaries.




The principal aim of Spain in the Philippines during their regime was to make the native Filipinos obedient and God-fearing Christians. For this reason, religion was a compulsory subject at all levels – from the primary schools to the universities.

The first schools were the parochial schools opened by the missionaries in their parishes. In addition to religion, the native children in these schools were taught reading, writing, arithmetic and some vocational and practical arts subjects.

Later on, colleges for boys and girls were opened by the missionaries. These colleges were the equivalent of our high schools today. The subjects taught to the students included history, Latin, geography, mathematics and philosophy.




[blockquote type=”center”]What the Philippines needs is a realistic educational system adaptable to local conditions.[/blockquote]

There was no co-education during the Spanish times. Boys and girls studied in separate schools.

University education was started in the Philippines during the early part of the 17th century. Originally, the colleges and universities were open only to the Spaniards and those with Spanish blood (mestizos). It was only during the 19th century that these universities began accepting native Filipinos.

It is interesting to note that for nearly 300 years, education in the Philippines was the primary responsibility of the Catholic Church. The missionaries established the schools, provided the teachers and facilities and decided what should be taught. It was only in the last half of the 19th century that the government took an active part in promoting education in the colony. In 1863, a royal decree called for the establishment of a public school system in the colony.

Education under the Americans

The United States had a different approach dictated by what the Americans considered to be their principal goal in coming to the Philippines – “to educate and to train in the science of self-government.”

Consequently, it was not surprising that the United States considered educating the Filipinos as one of its top priorities in the Philippines. Even while US troops were consolidating their foothold in Manila in 1898, schools were already opened in the city. But unlike the Spaniards who neglected to propagate their language, the Americans made it a point to teach English to the Filipinos. The American soldiers were the first teachers of the Filipinos.

In January 1901, free primary education was provided and a school for Filipino teachers was established. It called for the recruitment of trained teachers in America. It abolished compulsory religious instruction.

The Americans gave bright young Filipino students opportunity to take up higher education in American colleges and universities. These Filipinos came to be known as “pensionados” for their education in the United States was financed by the government in the Philippines. Hundreds of Filipino pensionados were able to study in the US until 1928. From the ranks of these pensionados came the future civic, business and political leaders of our country.

Hungry for education, the Filipinos flocked to public and private schools in large numbers.

Education under the Commonwealth

Education continued to receive from the Commonwealth government the same attention that the Americans gave it. President Quezon created the National Council of Education in 1936 as an advisory body on educational matters. The council made important recommendations to further improve the educational system in the Philippines. Most of these recommendations were accepted and carried out by the government.

Under the Commonwealth, vocational and adult education were given emphasis.

It was also during the Commonwealth regime that an organized effort to develop a common national language was stared in compliance with the mandate of the 1935 constitution.

To help counteract the American cultural influence among the Filipinos, President Quezon greatly encouraged the revival of native culture as well as desirable Filipino values.

And to help strengthen the moral fibers of the Filipinos and to foster love of country especially among the youth, President Quezon issued his famous Code of Ethics which was required to be taught in all schools.

In 1940, several changes were made in the Philippine educational system by virtue of the Educational Act of 1940. Under this law, the elementary course was reduced from 7 years to 6 years. The minimum age for admission to Grade I was raised to 7. The school calendar was also changed so instead of the school year from June to March, it was changed to July to April.

Education under the Japanese

Schools and churches were also used as propaganda tools of the Japanese. Nippon-go, the Japanese language, was made a compulsory subject in all schools. In government and private offices, classes in Nippon-go were opened to propagate the Japanese language and culture. Japanese Catholic priests were sent to the Philippines to help promote the idea that Japan, being an Asian country, was a friend of all Asian people’s including the Filipinos.

The Iloilo Experiment

In 1948. Dr. Jose V. Aguilar, the Superintendent of the Iloilo school division initiated a six year experiment with vernacular instruction in his school division. The experiment involved seven control schools where English was used as the medium of instruction in Grades 1 and 2 and seven experimental schools where the vernacular, Hiligaynon, was used as the instructional medium. This was controversial. As late as 1963, the Dean of the College of Education, Xavier University on the island of Mindanao, observed that the vernacular instruction was not producing maximum results. It was curtailing full instructional benefit. Instead of narrowing the regional gaps of the country, it was widening it and was producing dangerous trends towards regional and cultural imbalance.

Educational Thrust of the New Society and Today

It was assumed that the most fundamental objective of education is the development of an individual’s potential which will simultaneously improve society. Educational policies have been geared to the accomplishment of better manpower production through the understanding by the students of land reform, taxation, economic production, anti-drug and anti-pollution and conservation education. To accomplish these goals, the value and work oriented curricula were encouraged. However, many parents and teachers were still confused because they did not understand the philosophy, operations, and evaluations of this innovation in education. The concept of an average layman or teacher in the “new society” was always associated with the advent of Martial Law. This must be redirected to a functional definition of wholesome integration of our economic, social and moral lives for a progressive Philippines. The direction of education as envisioned by our educators can be best described by the following changes:

  1. A relevant and flexible curriculum. Educational content is focused on the need of society which is for sound economy. This means better knowledge in skills and food production, conservation of natural resources, technical knowledge in harnessing mineral deposits and less emphasis on white collar jobs which result only in producing the “educated unemployed.”
  2. Productive-coordinated technocrats. The inevitable reorganization of the Department of Education (DepEd) was a response to these needs. For centuries, our educational system generally operated on a system of isolation where the Bureau of Public, Private and Vocational Education worked almost independently and promoted secrecy and privacy instead of attaining harmony for the good of our country.
  3. A quality teacher with effective methods of teaching. To teach effectively, the teacher must have the solid foundations in terms of educational training from reputable institutions, update his method of teaching by reading and attending conferences, and should have the courage of trying out various means or ways of maximizing learner. To do this, it becomes necessary to understand the psychology of pupils and to be able to communicate with them in teaching-learning situations. The increase in teachers’ pay should be a strong justification for the better policy on the recruitment and retention of teachers.

Every time changes in our educational system occur to search for the solution for our educational ills, some pressure groups interfere and say it is “unrealistic and expensive,” which is not a valid reason. Courage and energy for action should be sustained to invigorate the lives of the citizenry.

After four centuries and a half of being a colony of Spain, America and Japan, the concern of the Filipino educators and policy makers is the Filipinization of the Filipinos and Filipino institutions. Alejandro Roces, while holding office as the Secretary of Education, voiced this concern thus:

History of Philippine Educational System (Presentation):

62 thoughts on “A History of the System of Education in the Philippines – Its Implication for the Present Generation”

  1. This article is very informative because it deals with the features of the Philippine educational system. we all know that the educational system of our country has a long and complicated history. Our country faced a long period of foreign dominance. Education is being offered through formal and non-formal systems.
    Our educational system here in Philippines underwent several changes although we also retained some of the ancient teachings which are practical even during our time. The system has been and still is basically American in objectives.
    When it comes to the culture, our country’s education system is based on the American system where English is the medium of instruction. Along with academics social and cultural aspects are also cherished by the Philippine schools. Applying cultural values in education has a positive effect on several elements. It nurtures the sense of belonging, identity, and strengthens community participation, it also promotes appreciation and understanding of history and cultural heritage. Students develop competencies and cultural skills which are require for interacting with people around the world.

    😊📚
    FERN C. LOPEZ

  2. This article is very informative because it deals with the features of the Philippine educational system. We all know that the educational system of our country has a long and complicated history. Our country faced a long period of foreign dominance. Education is being offered through formal and non-formal systems.
    Our educational system here in Philippines underwent several changes although we also retained some of the ancient teachings which are practical even during our time. The system has been and still is basically American in objectives.
    When it comes to culture, our country’s education system is based on the American system where English is the medium of instruction. Along with academics social and cultural aspects are also cherished by the Philippine schools. Applying cultural values in education has a positive effect on several elements. It nurtures the sense of belonging, identity, and strengthens community participation; it also promotes appreciation and understanding of history and cultural heritage. Students develop competencies and cultural skills which are required for interacting with people around the world.

    😊📚

  3. It was stipulated in the article that the Educational System before was practical and it was meant for survival. History had made it clear that the curriculum is indeed dynamic in such a way that it could change throughout the years and this changes is inevitable.
    As I read through the article I obseved that in every period it differs in the field of specializations but what I like about was the huge impact of religion brought by the Spaniards in which evident in the Phillipines today.
    The richness of educational system in our country were influenced y the different colonizers. Given these facts our country should develop an educational system that would cater the needs of the society. A system that would be benefited by every Filipinos.
    I think the very first thing to be considered is the curriculum making and implementation. Departmemt of Education should see to it that the curriculum to be implemented will guarantee a good result and will be for the betterment of an individuals. Considering also the preparedness of the school and its stake holders.Another point to be taken into consideration is the relevance of the curriculum to the needs of the society. Sometimes our educational system is just too idealistic and tend to forget the reality in the field.
    But I believe that the Department is now doing their best effort to not just only provide students with better books but they’ll make sure that the application in the day to day living is evident.At the end of the day education will be of no use when it can’t provide student their needs in facing the real world.It should be practical where students can use their learning in school to contribute something in the society.
    With regards to the failure of Iloilo Experiment educational implementers should’ve learned from this experience. In my own point of view, just like the Implementation of the MTB in the present times it just added the burdens of the students where in fact the goal is to produce globally competitive learners. The question now is , will MTB help achieve that? or will it just add confusion to learners?
    This is now the challenge to us as an educators let us nutture our leaners to dvelop their full potential and be of help in diagnosing the real cancer in our country’s educational system. I pray that it will be properly treated.

    What is really the main problem? I’ll end it here.

    GINA M. MORGADEZ

  4. It was stipulated in the article that the Educational System before was practical and it was meant for survival. History had made it clear that the curriculum is indeed dynamic in such a way that it could change throughout the years and this changes is inevitable.
    As I read through the article I obseved that in every period it differs in the field of specializations but what I like about was the huge impact of religion brought by the Spaniards in which evident in the Phillipines today.

    The richness of educational system in our country were influenced y the different colonizers. Given these facts our country should develop an educational system that would cater the needs of the society. A system that would be benefited by every Filipinos.

    I think the very first thing to be considered is the curriculum making and implementation. Departmemt of Education should see to it that the curriculum to be implemented will guarantee a good result and will be for the betterment of an individuals. Considering also the preparedness of the school and its stake holders.Another point to be taken into consideration is the relevance of the curriculum to the needs of the society. Sometimes our educational system is just too idealistic and tend to forget the reality in the field.

    But I believe that the Department is now doing their best effort to not just only provide students with better books but they’ll make sure that the application in the day to day living is evident.At the end of the day education will be of no use when it can’t provide student their needs in facing the real world.It should be practical where students can use their learning in school to contribute something in the society.

    With regards to the failure of Iloilo Experiment educational implementers should’ve learned from this experience. In my own point of view, just like the Implementation of the MTB in the present times it just added the burdens of the students where in fact the goal is to produce globally competitive learners. The question now is , will MTB help achieve that? or will it just add confusion to learners?

    This is now the challenge to us as an educators let us nurture our learners to develop their full potential and let us be of help in diagnosing the real cancer in our country’s educational system. I pray that it will be properly treated.

    What is really the main problem? I’ll end it here.

    GINA M. MORGADEZ

  5. GINA M.MORGADEZ

    It was stipulated in the article that the Educational System before was practical and it was meant for survival. History had made it clear that the curriculum is indeed dynamic in such a way that it could change throughout the years and this changes is inevitable.
    As I read through the article I obseved that in every period it differs in the field of specializations but what I like about was the huge impact of religion brought by the Spaniards in which evident in the Phillipines today.
    The richness of educational system in our country were influenced y the different colonizers. Given these facts our country should develop an educational system that would cater the needs of the society. A system that would be benefited by every Filipinos.
    I think the very first thing to be considered is the curriculum making and implementation. Departmemt of Education should see to it that the curriculum to be implemented will guarantee a good result and will be for the betterment of an individuals. Considering also the preparedness of the school and its stake holders.Another point to be taken into consideration is the relevance of the curriculum to the needs of the society. Sometimes our educational system is just too idealistic and tend to forget the reality in the field.
    But I believe that the Department is now doing their best effort to not just only provide students with better books but they’ll make sure that the application in the day to day living is evident.At the end of the day education will be of no use when it can’t provide student their needs in facing the real world.It should be practical where students can use their learning in school to contribute something in the society.
    With regards to the failure of Iloilo Experiment educational implementers should’ve learned from this experience. In my own point of view, just like the Implementation of the MTB in the present times it just added the burdens of the students where in fact the goal is to produce globally competitive learners. The question now is , will MTB help achieve that? or will it just add confusion to learners?
    This is now the challenge to us as an educators let us nurture our learnes to achieve their full potential and let us be of help in diagnosing the real cancer in our country’s educational system. I pray that it will be properly treated.
    What is really the main problem? I’ll end it here.

    GINA M. MORGADEZ

  6. Indeed, the Philippine educational system has gone through a lot of modifications since the pre-colonial period until this present situation. The changes that has been made in our educational system is driven toward our goal which is to provide quality education for all. As what the author pointed out in the last part of the article, some pressure groups interfere and say that it is “unrealistic and expensive”. Practically speaking, it is true. Education, shall I say, quality education is really not accessible for all but this doesn’t mean that educators are not doing their best to provide what is the best for our educational system. Let’s take this Corona virus pandemic as an example. Changes has to be made in our system in order to continue education and learning despite the current crisis that we are facing. Alternative learning delivery modalities have been introduced and used. Students, parents and other groups are criticizing this change. Teachers are also adjusting to this system, but they are trying and giving their best to continue education despite the negative feedbacks that they are receiving. It is during moments like this in which we should give our full cooperation. We need to support each other, teachers, students and parents. The Philippine educational system has still a long way to go. It will continue to undergo modifications and changes for the betterment of our educational system and hopefully, someday we will be able to provide quality education that is accessible to all.

  7. Indeed, the Philippine educational system has gone through a lot of modifications since the pre-colonial period until this present situation. The changes that has been made in our educational system is driven toward our goal which is to provide quality education for all. As what the author pointed out in the last part of the article, some pressure groups interfere and say that it is “unrealistic and expensive”. Practically speaking, it is true. Education, shall I say, quality education is really not accessible for all but this doesn’t mean that educators are not doing their best to provide what is the best for our educational system. Let’s take this Corona virus pandemic as an example. Changes has to be made in our system in order to continue education and learning despite the current crisis that we are facing. Alternative learning delivery modalities have been introduced and used. Students, parents and other groups are criticizing this change. Teachers are also adjusting to this system, but they are trying and giving their best to continue education despite the negative feedbacks that they are receiving. It is during moments like this in which we should give our full cooperation. We need to support each other, teachers, students and parents. The Philippine educational system still has a long way to go. It will continue to undergo modifications and changes for the betterment of our educational system and hopefully, someday we will be able to provide quality education that is accessible to all.

  8. Mary Liza Acantilado

    The Educational System that we have today is a product of multi-cultural influence from a long line of remarkable history. In the ancient Philippines children were educated for academic and vocational needs. However, as the time passes by our educational system was changed, modified and is continually challenged brought by colonization and several historical events. This significant event led us to actively engaged in seeking independence, maintaining political, economic and academic freedom.

    Furthermore, in the status quo of our educational system it is not far from the previous battle cry of our ancestors to create a more suitable and academically fit instructions for our learners. The educational system itself is not faltering but is continually growing and in search of a well-founded solutions to the academic and educational problems.

  9. Mary Liza A. Acantilado

    The Educational System that we have today is a product of multi-cultural influence from a long line of remarkable history. In the ancient Philippines children were educated for academic and vocational needs. However, as the time passes by our educational system was changed, modified and is continually challenged brought by colonization and several historical events. This significant event led us to actively engaged in seeking independence, maintaining political, economic and academic freedom.

    Furthermore, in the status quo of our educational system it is not far from the previous battle cry of our ancestors to create a more suitable and academically fit instructions for our learners. The educational system itself is not faltering but is continually growing and in search of a well-founded solutions to the academic and educational problems.

  10. Elymajyzeth Y. Ocana

    This is indeed an enlightening article. Reading about the history of the Philippine Education system and knowing about its implication and contribution in today’s generation is somewhat mind and heart stirring. I believe that for us teachers it is crucial to know the obstacles and problems met by of past Filipino students and teachers and how they were able to come up for solutions and improvements. I understand that because of the many colonizers we encountered, our Educational system has a difficulty of creating one’s identity to call our own. From the Friars to the American soldiers and the Japanese teachers our educators selectively focused according to their priorities or area that they could be benefited from. Thus, because of our history, the Education in the country is considered at the lowest compared to other Asian countries.
    Actually, one item in this article that I want to mention about is the experiment done by Dr. Jose V. Aguilar on the usage of vernacular as a medium of instruction. Honestly, i didn’t know that this was already done in past and i find it exasperating to think that it was a failure and here we come again trying to incorporate it from the second time in our primary curriculum. Finally, I just hope that our Educators will once again examine this area and figure out its holistic outcome among the students.

  11. Lourgen Fajardo

    After reading the article, I learned that the Ancient Philippine’s education system is far no different from the ancient education system of other countries which also started by training young boys and girls for survival or basically based on their daily needs. The Philippine’s education system went through a lot of alterations which primarily caused by colonization by several foreign countries and several historical events and I think Spaniards made a great impact on it in so many ways. Since then European Education System is instilled with Religion as its purpose to the entire archipelago primary schools, colleges and universities were established until another colonizers take over. From then on, our Education System is constantly enhancing and improving due to the desire to map development and strengthen the foundation of education in our country.

    Education is an important aspect that plays a huge role in the modern, industrialized world. People need a good education to be able to survive in this competitive world. I salute the leaders who have taken steps to see possible best teaching methods to further improve the education system in our country. If the Department of Education has introduced a new method and system, we should not hesitate to accept it because it has been studied and its purpose is to further develop the method of the education system in our country.

    The very point of education is continuation of knowledge, tagging along with more gained knowledge as time passes. This gained knowledge from all fields and all interests is what will fulfil the Filipinization of the Filipinos and Filipino institutions. It will take time, but that is the essence of education. Time will form our very own education – Filipinization.

  12. Cheska Jel T. Cabarliza

    The history entails a great adventure of education towards its betterment to serve the citizenry. The article illustrates the evolution and a lot of modification that has been done to the Philippine Educational System from its ancient times to present day generation.
    From a dictatorial and exclusive education to democratic and inclusive one. From using religion to teach the students to tailoring the instruction to the student’s needs. Each change made a big step towards what we have right now — An educational system that has been molded by change, time, efforts and scrutiny to teach with the passion to be effective and move every student’s lives to a brighter side. Not limited to those who can, but serving “education for all” as they say.
    Time makes everything gets better, one of the examples for that is what happened to our educational system. Due to development, adaptation and innovation, the field of education is getting better in answering and providing what is really the need and call of the society – to develop each one’s potential to become an asset towards enhancement of the community.
    Change is inevitable. It is a need for us to grow. I seconded the statement that, “unrealistic and expensive are not valid reasons”. Taking risks is part of improving. We should not be afraid of failing from trying, rather by being stagnant and without even taking actions towards the educational ills and lapses. If we’ll only take a blind eye towards the repetitive problems, we will never achieve the quality education we want to provide to our students. We should be thankful of change since we can still do something to the things we knew we are lacking.
    It is the colonizers who brought us education, but it is our duty, Filipinos, to be educated and make better education on our own. A relevant and flexible curriculum, productive-coordinated technocrats, good policy makers and leaders in education and quality teachers with effective methods of teaching are few of the requirements we need to achieve towards a responsive and excellence-showing Philippine Educational System. It is not yet close to perfection but through positive change and time, we are not also far from that.

  13. April Rose Inting

    The article highlights the foundation of the educational system of our country, Philippines. It showed how dynamic and interesting our way of education is then and now. It stated that because of foreign colonizers who consequently tried to put Philippines under their power that`s why the country`s educational system has to go through changes every now and then. This only proves how much impact and influence of the colonizers had not only to us, the people but also to our educational system.
    Starting from the early times of education specifically during the Spaniards era, when learning was much simpler in many forms. One of those, is the content to be studied which are mostly practical specifically vocational courses like agriculture and carpentry. This is mainly because, their primary goal is for survival and or for living. Religious and spiritual aspect was also emphasized during this time, Priesthood and monkhood were encouraged and were practiced and were carried on up to this state.
    Bright young Filipinos were also given the opportunity to take up higher education by the Americans during their era. And when the time came that we had independence, still out leaders continuously improved the system adapting one or two things from different countries and of course integrating our own.
    It was somehow moving to know that despite their will to colonized the country, still they gave Filipinos the chance to learn and acquire education. These colonizers paved the way and for me, because of the changes that the system had been through is what made it richer not just in techniques but also in culture. Still, there is no perfect curriculum but constantly the system is improving and is always trying to adapt to what`s relevant. However, not just only the system needs to evolve, so as the teachers who needs to constantly update and upgrade their techniques and methods of instruction for effectiveness and efficiency.

  14. April Rose Inting

    The article highlights the foundation of the educational system of our country, Philippines. It showed how dynamic and interesting our way of education is then and now. It was stated that because of foreign colonizers who consequently tried to put Philippines under their power that`s why the country`s educational system has to go through changes every now and then. Which only proves the impact of the colonizers have not only to us, the people but also to our educational system.
    Starting from the early times of education specifically during the Spaniards era, when learning was much simpler in many forms. One of those, is the content to be studied which are mostly practical specifically vocational courses like agriculture and carpentry. This is mainly because, their primary goal is for survival and or for living. Religious and spiritual aspect was also emphasized during this time, Priesthood and monkhood were encouraged and were practiced and were carried on up to this state.
    Bright young Filipinos were also given the opportunity by the Americans to take up higher education in American colleges and universities during their era. And when the time came that we had independence, still our leaders continuously improved the system adapting one or two things from different countries and of course integrating our own.
    It was somehow moving to know that despite their will to colonized the country, still they gave Filipinos the chance to learn and acquire education. These colonizers paved the way and for me, because of the changes that the system had been through is what made it richer not just in techniques but also in culture. Still, there is no perfect curriculum but constantly the system is improving and is always trying to adapt to what`s relevant. However, not just only the system needs to evolve, so as the teachers who needs to constantly update and upgrade their techniques and methods of instruction for effectiveness and efficiency.

  15. Gamalo, Mary Ann T.

    The history of Philippine education help us understand how the past events shaped the present education systems. It is an evident that our system of education has greatly improved to provide and sustain the needs of Filipino for quality and relevant education. The way we are taught from the ancient times in academic and vocation like how our parents taught us help us shape great character. Upon learning those basic and simple ways of life, we Filipinos became more determined and responsible individuals. In this generation, access to quality education is possible and reachable with the help and support from the government , it only depends on the learner on how he would see the importance of learning.

  16. Jayvee M. Jarina

    What i learned from the history of education of the Philippines from the past years, particularly the contribution of the Americans in Education System, the teaching of English and adaptation as a medium of instructions in school made possible the existence of knowledge of the language among Filipinos. The impact of American education was also felt in the development of self-government among the Filipino. Certainly, no one can deny the importance of education in the political development of nations.

  17. In order to understand the present, we must look through the lens of the past. Analyzing of how the past impacted the present.
    The purpose of educating minds is to emancipate and empower potentials improving society at once. This do not constrict to educate only the mind but to the moral and virtues as well. Aristotle once said “Educating the mind without educating the heart is no education at all”. To create a functioning learners that will be an asset for the progress of our country is to educate them holistically. With the advent of Globalization, there is a need to conform to changes even to our educational system in order to meet relevant standards and needs of society. However, this may be hard when the means of achieving the end are scarce.
    What has been today’s Philippine Educational System is a silver lining erected in the foundations of the dark colonial periods. Before the oppressor came, our forefathers were honing generations with informal educational necessary for survival. When Spaniards seized and leeched our country’s resources for most of the 333 years our people were denied with freedom in different aspects paralyzing the potential of great minds achieving great things. However, though how poignant those years have been it still have its contribution to the greatest art of our educational system. Averting ignorance of our forefathers with formal education in different disciplines although dividing the schools according to social ranking and blood didn’t gave a fair chance to education of every Filipinos. Filipinos’ faith and devotion to God increases as the Spaniards cloaked their principal aim with religion. Howbeit, their educational influence still apparent to our educational system today. The oldest universities, colleges, vocational schools and the first modern public education system in Asia are only some of their evidences.
    When the Americans swooped in to loosen our country’s chain from Spaniards, the educational trend emancipated us from the shackles of limited access to education. Equipping us with free formal education with no division at all in different disciplines while coercing no one about learning religion. They centered their teaching through English language. Students excelling academically were given privileges to be sent to the U.S. to continue their studies and to become experts in their desired fields or professions. These scholars were being funded by government. In return, they were to teach or work in government offices after they finished their studies. Upon reading, I realized that they levitate our knowledge and empowered our citizenry even more by promoting patriotism. This influence is still apparent to our government (DOST, CHED) funding bright minds with scholarship in prestigious universities locally and internationally.
    The Japanese people made us learn their language and the idea that they are the Filipinos’ friends. Though short was their time, they too contribute to the foundation of our educational system. The notable work of our government in improving the educational system after the deliberation of Philippines were very impressive. One of this is the Code of Ethics issued by President Quezon which was required to be taught in all schools to inculcate and revived Filipino values needed to empower a great nation. I admire his legacy as Filipinos’ moral fibers are strengthened and the spirit of patriotism kindled.
    The article I read let me peeped in to the history of our country’s merging educational contributors. Furthermore, it made me realized that certain things although how awful they are serve a purpose in creating a stronger nation. If the people perseveres and stand together, despite the diversity of philosophies and principles we can achieve greater things. In addition, it encourages me to value more the educational system we have by submerging to continuing professional development as it will contribute to the whole success of our nation. I couldn’t agree more with the article that we should equip our students with educational content relevant to the needs of society to lessen the up shooting unemployment rate. This is serious problem our country is facing right now. I’m glad that TESDA is providing skill trainings that can be utilized immensely domestically and internationally. It is an inevitable truth that we have to have quality teachers molded with solid foundations through educational training and should be compensated accordingly. Good teachers will mold quality learners contributing to a progressive economy.
    Finally, “Let us therefore study, my country men, for although the art of learning is somewhat difficult, yet if we are persevering, we shall soon improve our knowledge. “(-Tomas Pinpin (1610),” Patriarch of Filipino Printing”)

  18. In order to understand the present, we must look through the lens of the past. Analyzing of how the past impacted the present.
    The purpose of educating minds is to emancipate and empower potentials improving society at once. This do not constrict to educate only the mind but to the moral and virtues as well. Aristotle once said “Educating the mind without educating the heart is no education at all”. To create a functioning learners that will be an asset for the progress of our country is to educate them holistically. With the advent of Globalization, there is a need to conform to changes even to our educational system in order to meet relevant standards and needs of society. However, this may be hard when the means of achieving the end are scarce.
    What has been today’s Philippine Educational System is a silver lining erected in the foundations of the dark colonial periods. Before the oppressor came, our forefathers were honing generations with informal educational necessary for survival. When Spaniards seized and leeched our country’s resources for most of the 333 years our people were denied with freedom in different aspects paralyzing the potential of great minds achieving great things. However, though how poignant those years have been it still have its contribution to the greatest art of our educational system. Averting ignorance of our forefathers with formal education in different disciplines although dividing the schools according to social ranking and blood didn’t gave a fair chance to education of every Filipinos. Filipinos’ faith and devotion to God increases as the Spaniards cloaked their principal aim with religion. Howbeit, their educational influence still apparent to our educational system today. The oldest universities, colleges, vocational schools and the first modern public education system in Asia are only some of their evidences.
    When the Americans swooped in to loosen our country’s chain from Spaniards, the educational trend emancipated us from the shackles of limited access to education. Equipping us with free formal education with no division at all in different disciplines while coercing no one about learning religion. They centered their teaching through English language. Students excelling academically were given privileges to be sent to the U.S. to continue their studies and to become experts in their desired fields or professions. These scholars were being funded by government. In return, they were to teach or work in government offices after they finished their studies. Upon reading, I realized that they levitate our knowledge and empowered our citizenry even more by promoting patriotism. This influence is still apparent to our government (DOST, CHED) funding bright minds with scholarship in prestigious universities locally and internationally.
    The Japanese people made us learn their language and the idea that they are the Filipinos’ friends. Though short was their time, they too contribute to the foundation of our educational system. The notable work of our government in improving the educational system after the deliberation of Philippines were very impressive. One of this is the Code of Ethics issued by President Quezon which was required to be taught in all schools to inculcate and revived Filipino values needed to empower a great nation. I admire his legacy as Filipinos’ moral fibers are strengthened and the spirit of patriotism kindled.
    The article I read let me peeped in to the history of our country’s merging educational contributors. Furthermore, it made me realized that certain things although how awful they are serve a purpose in creating a stronger nation. If the people perseveres and stand together, despite the diversity of philosophies and principles we can achieve greater things. In addition, it encourages me to value more the educational system we have by submerging to continuing professional development as it will contribute to the whole success of our nation. I couldn’t agree more with the article that we should equip our students with educational content relevant to the needs of society to lessen the up shooting unemployment rate. This is serious problem our country is facing right now. I’m glad that TESDA is providing skill trainings that can be utilized immensely domestically and internationally. It is an inevitable truth that we have to have quality teachers molded with solid foundations through educational training and should be compensated accordingly. Good teachers will mold quality learners contributing to a progressive economy.
    Finally, “Let us therefore study, my country men, for although the art of learning is somewhat difficult, yet if we are persevering, we shall soon improve our knowledge. “(-Tomas Pinpin (1610),” Patriarch of Filipino Printing”)

  19. This article focuses on the History of Philippine Education, which gives emphasis on the different countries that colonizes the country. Philippines has its own way of educating, through its culture. But a establishment of an educational systems starts when different countries like Spain, America and Japan colonizes the country.

    The Philippine Educational System has been influenced by the Spaniards through their religious/ catholic schools which is nowadays still present. The Americans also influence much in the Education through its language, and as well as the Japanese.

    As to this article it summarizes up how the Educational System in the Philippines has develop through time. There are just some parts in which it did not relate much, like the Iloilo Experiment, it may have contributed to the improvement of Philippine Education but not much on changing history.

  20. The roots of Education are bitter, but the fruits are sweet. -Aristotle

    It is indeed a long journey of our present educational system to be where it is now which can be looked upon the lens of our country’s colonial history. For most of the 333 years of torment from Spaniards leeching the richness of our home land our people were denied with suffrage in different aspects paralyzing the potential of great minds achieving great things. However, though how poignant those years have been it still have its contribution to the greatest art of our educational system. Gauging ignorance of our forefathers with formal education in different disciplines although dividing the schools according to social ranking and blood didn’t gave a fair chance to our countrymen towards access of education. Filipinos’ faith and devotion to God increases for it is inculcated in the educational curricula as the Spaniards cloaked their principal aim of seizing our country with religion.
    Howbeit, their educational influence still apparent to our educational system today. The oldest universities, colleges, vocational schools and the first modern public education system in Asia were evidences of this.
    When the Americans swooped in to loosen our country’s chain from Spaniards, the educational trend emancipated us from the shackles of limited access to education. Equipping us with free formal education in different disciplines while coercing no one about learning religion. They venture remote areas to establish elementary, intermediate and high school public schools. With no gender division in school system and the incorporation of learning their language to the curriculum unlike the Spaniards, they levitate our knowledge and empowered the citizenry even more promoting patriotism.
    Students excelling academically were sent to the U.S. to continue their studies and to become experts in their desired fields or professions. They were called “scholars”, and “pensionados” because the government funds them. In return, they were to teach or work in government offices after they finished their studies. This influence is still apparent to our government (DOST, CHED) still funding bright minds with scholarship in prestigious universities locally and internationally. In addition, the use of English language in the study of most disciplines is still effective in our curriculum. The implementation of proper hygiene which was first taught by Americans are still practiced in our elementary schools as teachers do inspections to the basic hygiene and guide pupils in doing oral hygiene.
    What has been today’s Philippine Educational System is a silver lining erected in the foundations of the dark colonial period.
    _________________________________________________________________________

    The purpose of educating minds is to emancipate and empower potentials improving society at once. However, this may be hard when the means of achieving the end are scarce.
    I agree with the article that we should equip our students with educational content relevant to the needs of society to lessen the up shooting unemployment rate. I’m glad that TESDA is providing skill trainings that can be utilized immensely even to the other country. This will help producing the “educated unemployed.” In addition, I couldn’t agree more to the fact that we have to have quality teachers molded with solid foundations through educational training compensated accordingly.

    Finally, “Let us therefore study, my country men, for although the art of learning is somewhat difficult, yet if we are persevering, we shall soon improve our knowledge. “ (-Tomas Pinpin (1610), ”Patriarch of Filipino Printing”).

  21. This article gave us understanding on how the Philippine Educational System developed. After decades of being colonized by foreign countries, our way of living significantly changed and some of their teachings are still practiced at present. Foreign countries did not only affect our way of living but also the kind of education system that we have. In ancient times, the education of our ancestors used to focus on acquiring their necessities. During the colonization period of the foreign countries, the Filipinos were given privilege to acquire new knowledge. We became obedient and God-fearing Christians because of the influence of Spaniards. Bright young Filipinos were able to take higher education in American colleges and universities during the American period. Filipinos were able to learn also other language. When our country finally gained liberty, our leaders also made changes to improve further the educational system of the country.
    After reading the article, I realized that the impact brought about by the colonizers has become part of who and what the Filipino people are today. This proves that change is necessary. Changes are necessary for us to develop and improve so that we can reach our full potential. With our present educational system, the government and the people must work hand in hand to achieve this goal. Our government’s main priority is to provide a quality education that will allow Filipinos to compete globally. Quality education requires quality teachers. This means that teachers must be equipped with the different teaching methodologies. For a successful teaching-learning method, teachers must also understand the psychology of their learners. An effective teacher produces an effective learner.

  22. This article gave us understanding on how the Philippine Educational System developed. After decades of being colonized by foreign countries, our way of living significantly changed and some of their teachings are still practiced at present. Foreign countries did not only affect our way of living but also the kind of education system that we have. In ancient times, the education of our ancestors used to focus on acquiring their necessities. During the colonization period of the foreign countries, the Filipinos were given privilege to acquire new knowledge. We became obedient and God-fearing Christians because of the influence of Spaniards. Bright young Filipinos were able to take higher education in American colleges and universities during the American period. Filipinos were able to learn also other language. When our country finally gained liberty, our leaders also made changes to improve further the educational system of the country.
    After reading the article, I realized that the impact brought about by the colonizers has become part of who and what the Filipino people are today. This proves that change is necessary. Changes are necessary for us to develop and improve so that we can reach our full potential. With our present educational system, the government and the people must work hand in hand to achieve this goal. Our government’s main priority is to provide a quality education that will allow Filipinos to compete globally. Quality education requires quality teachers. This means that teachers must be equipped with the different teaching methodologies. For a successful teaching-learning method, teachers must also understand the psychology of their learners. An effective teacher produces an effective learner.

  23. Victoria Undaloc

    Education is one of the basic priorities that our government looks into, millions of pesos allotted into it to make our education system productive and globally competitive. According to the Doctrine of Uniformity, “The Present is the Key to the Past”, and this is also applied to the type of education system we have today which is a product of the education we have in the past. So, we have to trace the history of our education system to lead us the way for better quality education best suited to the present generation. We are now in the 21st century where students are free to offer their opinions & ideas, and as well as being able to practice Do-it-yourself activities. Different countries have different ways for administering education that is in accord to their cultures and beliefs, like being focused on religion, skills, and moral values. I am still able to recall the 3 R’s system we have in the elementary and CAT (Citizen Army Training) in high school, a mandatory requirement for graduating students. In our time we can easily communicate using Tagalog and English languages. Today, most of the students don’t know how to speak in Tagalog except for those living in places using the said language, discussions and memorization were methods used to teach during our time. The Spanish regime influenced the native Filipinos to be obedient and God-fearing Christians. The Goal of the Americans was to “Educate and train in the science of self-government”, as for the Japanese, they helped promote the idea that Japan was a friend of the Filipinos and opened their language and culture to us. All these influences marked the development of our education. Thus, the K to 12 education system we have today is what we think is the best for this generation and for the reason to align with other highly competitive countries. Several researches conducted to prove the effectivity of our present type of education. Nevertheless, it is not in the system of education that lies in the success of an individual economically, but, on how the students internalize and apply the education they have received from the formal and informal institutions of the society they live in.

  24. John Sidney Lanuza

    This is no such thing a perfect curriculum in the whole world, but what makes the curriculum a ‘perfect’ one is the right time and right execution.

    If curriculum is pertinent in a certain situation, it must not be demonstrated as one of the required skills for the learners to be expected to perform. Hence, the current educational system in the Philippines contradicts the idea of teaching the religious-related subject to learners because people have different religions and beliefs. But nowadays, the basic education public schools, assigned instructors by religious group can teach the practices and beliefs to the learners unless with the approval of the learners’ parents. In relation with this, the legacy of education under the Americans abolished the religious instruction of Spaniards and forth brough Filipino people to universities.

    These two events in Philippine Educational System implies that our educational system is always adapting to the trend for basic and advanced knowledge. The improvement of country’s educational system brought every Filipino people accesses the education as a right with exceptional curriculum in education today. Introducing a new concept of knowledge to Filipino learners cannot only give ways to survive but also the opportunity to advance in the field they choose. Whatever situations the Philippine Education would be facing, either having a face-to-face class or modular and online class, still the quality of education serves the Filipino People.

  25. John Sidney Lanuza

    This is no such thing a perfect curriculum in the whole world, but what makes the curriculum a ‘perfect’ one is the right time and right execution.

    If curriculum is pertinent in a certain situation, it must not be demonstrated as one of the required skills for the learners to be expected to perform. Hence, the current educational system in the Philippines contradicts the idea of teaching the religious-related subject to learners because people have different religions and beliefs. But nowadays, the basic education public schools, assigned instructors by religious group can teach the practices and beliefs to the learners unless with the approval of the learners’ parents. In relation with this, the legacy of education under the Americans abolished the religious instruction of Spaniards and forth brough Filipino people to universities.

    These two events in Philippine Educational System implies that our educational system is always adapting to the trend for basic and advanced knowledge. The improvement of country’s educational system brought every Filipino people accesses the education as a right with exceptional curriculum in education today. Introducing a new concept of knowledge to Filipino learners cannot only give ways to survive but also the opportunity to advance in the field they choose. Whatever situations the Philippine Education would be facing, either having a face-to-face class or modular and online class, still the quality of education serves the Filipino People.

  26. VINCENT N. LIMBAG

    It is heartwarming to note that the colonizers of our country before had the mission of providing education despite the negative events that happened way back then. Without these colonizers, our system of education would probably have a slow progress in terms of improving its ways and means in providing quality education.

  27. VINCENT NODALO LIMBAG

    It is heartwarming to note that the colonizers of our country before had the mission of providing education despite the negative events that happened way back then. Without these colonizers, our system of education would probably have a slow progress in terms of improving its ways and means in providing quality education.

  28. Development of our curriculum is a challenging job, it requires experience and legal basis supported by different researches and studies.

    I support the idea that the main purpose of education is to mold the students by maximizing the things they can do and working on the things they can’t do. This can be done without compromising the necessary and useful skills they need to learn to survive in life.

    I once asked my Grade 10 students “For you, what is the main goal of the Philippine Educational System?”. One of them answered “ To bring hell to our lives sir”. So I asked “why?”. Based on his explanation, he can’t see the relevance between learning chemical reactions and universal law of gravitation to his life as a musician. Another student expressed that she can’t relate to “Pagsusulat sa Wikang Filipino” as a useful tool in applying for NASA someday.

    Why is that? The students give importance to the concept behind the word “relevance”. How is this useful in my journey as a professional dancer? How will these things help me become a pro chef in the future?. Yes, teachers can somehow look for a well constructed explanation on how the things they learn in school are useful in daily life activities. Well eventually, these students will gain experiences in life and they will be the one to decide if the information and skills they learned from us are useful or not.

    K-12 is a young system yet its goals are very good and promising but, it seems like there are some overlooked parts. It aims to connect the different subjects to emphasize the idea that one discipline is useful in explaining another discipline’s terms and concepts. It’s good right? Yes it is but, some topics are not complementing with each other. Example science use the concepts of unit Circles in Grade 8 but Math tackles it in Grade 10. Students also can’t retrieve the concepts in Physics 8 First Grading, which are useful in Physics 10 Second Grading. I saw the transcripts of my student from Japan and I liked it. Japan’s system divided the fields of Science partnered it with the fields in MAPEH. Biology and Health for g8 level, Chemistry and Arts in g9 level, and Physics and PE in Grade 10 level. This way they maximize the idea of inter connectedness.

    I would like to emphasize that this article helps me understand the process of curriculum enhancement backed up by the influences of the different colonizers and generations.

    I am new in the teaching industry and I knew that some of my points here may sound sublime or illogical. Its part of the process though, I will definitely learn from the seasoned teachers in my field and if my inputs are needed, I will gladly share my thoughts and opinions as a modern teacher in this modern world. Lets improve our Country’s Educational System to produce locally and globally competitive students, who are God fearing, Nature loving, Good Abiding Citizens and Patriotic, both in academics, arts and vocational aspects

  29. The author’s article A History of the System of Education in the Philippines – Its Implication for the Present Generation highlighted the diverse journey of our educational system in the Philippines. It went through a lot of modifications and shows the courage of our ancestors to adapt the different philosophies and practices brought by the different cultures in our country. Philippines underwent a lot of changes before having established a system of education.

    One of my reactions to the article was the strong impact of Religion brought by the Spaniards in to our country. They taught us to be obedient and God-fearing individuals. Hence, education is more likely biased and unfair at the beginning. Filipinos must have been suppressing intense hunger for education but only Spanish and those with Spanish blood can have access to it.
    I think that the coming of the Americans has a huge impact into our education. Some Filipinos were given the opportunity to take up higher education and leverage their knowledge for them to be one of the leaders and advocates of modernization. On the other hand, I am immensely grateful that Pres. Quezon greatly encouraged the revival of native culture as well as strengthening the moral fibers of the Filipinos and to foster love to our country so we won’t forget the reasons why we strive for education, and one of those reasons must bring back something for our community and in our country.

    Also, I think that the experiment of Dr. Jose V. Aguilar with the use of vernacular instruction is not a very helpful strategy. In connection to this, MTB is also integrated in the curriculum for primary grades these days. I must say that using it as the medium of instruction won’t be as of great help to generate globally competitive learners. Thus, it adds more confusion and difficulty for them to understand concepts as they continue to climb the educational ladder.
    “Educational Thrust of the New Society and Today”, I believe that the school is part of the support environment that helps individuals to be well-grounded to face a transforming and challenging world. I think for us educators; it must have been a weight on our shoulders to make sure that we are nurturing our learners in all aspects of growth to achieve their full potential. Thus, I believe that what we all need is the “Courage and energy for action to sustain and to invigorate the lives of the citizenry.”

  30. The author’s article A History of the System of Education in the Philippines – Its Implication for the Present Generation highlighted the diverse journey of our educational system in the Philippines. It went through a lot of modifications and shows the courage of our ancestors to adapt the different philosophies and practices brought by the different cultures in our country. Philippines underwent a lot of changes before having established a system of education.
    One of my reactions to the article was the strong impact of Religion brought by the Spaniards in to our country. They taught us to be obedient and God-fearing individuals. Hence, education is more likely biased and unfair at the beginning. Filipinos must have been suppressing intense hunger for education but only Spanish and those with Spanish blood can have access to it.
    I think that the coming of the Americans has a huge impact into our education. Some Filipinos were given the opportunity to take up higher education and leverage their knowledge for them to be one of the leaders and advocates of modernization. On the other hand, I am immensely grateful that Pres. Quezon greatly encouraged the revival of native culture as well as strengthening the moral fibers of the Filipinos and to foster love to our country so we won’t forget the reasons why we strive for education, and one of those reasons must bring back something for our community and in our country.
    Also, I think that the experiment of Dr. Jose V. Aguilar with the use of vernacular instruction is not a very helpful strategy. In connection to this, MTB is also integrated in the curriculum for primary grades these days. I must say that using it as the medium of instruction won’t be as of great help to generate globally competitive learners. Thus, it adds more confusion and difficulty for them to understand concepts as they continue to climb the educational ladder.
    “Educational Thrust of the New Society and Today”, I believe that the school is part of the support environment that helps individuals to be well-grounded to face a transforming and challenging world. I think for us educators; it must have been a weight on our shoulders to make sure that we are nurturing our learners in all aspects of growth to achieve their full potential. Thus, I believe that what we all need is the “Courage and energy for action to sustain and to invigorate the lives of the citizenry.”

  31. REYZ CLAIRE RAZ

    Looking back from how and where our Educational system was established, we can say that it was initially for survival. The educational system before was practical. Later, it was developed into something more comprehensive. As time went by, our educational system became more specific and more organized. However, we cannot deny the fact that the product of today’s educational system has become impractical compared before. We may see a lot of college graduates and a lot of degree holders or even professionals and yet they work in a complete different field. Maybe because today’s educational system became so focused on the curriculum (written/books) and not on the skills and potential of the individual.

  32. Reyz Claire Raz

    Looking back from how and where our Educational system was established, we can say that it was initially for survival. The educational system before was practical. Later, it was developed into something more comprehensive. As time went by, our educational system became more specific and more organized. However, we cannot deny the fact that the product of today’s educational system has become impractical compared before. We may see a lot of college graduates and a lot of degree holders or even professionals and yet they work in a complete different field. Maybe because today’s educational system became so focused on the curriculum (written/books) and not on the skills and potential of the individual. But I think our educators are slowly changing the ways on how a practical education should be in the near future.

  33. SR. MARIA FAY MERCURIO

    I appreciate the beauty of history whether they are accurately written here or not (as some comments reflect here). What I find significant is how our country arrived at the moment when we could already have our own system. Whether we like it or not, we are a product of different cultures brought by different colonizers. All these added to the richness of our educational system now. None the less, our Filipino leaders in the past strived and contributed in many ways.
    The system of our education per se is not a total crash. In my opinion, it is the people who mishandle things that make the system dysfunctional. The objective of education which is to improve the society presents a very ideal concept. Educational policies gearing towards the benefits of both the teachers and students are exemplary good. However, what’s frustrating is the manner of implementation of those policies.
    This is a real challenge to all educators whether they are those at the high level positions or those who are considered as nameless ordinary teachers who endeavour the concrete realities in the field.

  34. I appreciate the beauty of history whether they are accurately written here or not (as some comments reflect here). What I find significant is how our country arrived at the moment when we could already have our own system. Whether we like it or not, we are a product of different cultures brought by different colonizers. All these added to the richness of our educational system now. None the less, our Filipino leaders in the past strived and contributed in many ways.
    The system of our education per se is not a total crash. In my opinion, it is the people who mishandle things that make the system dysfunctional. The objective of education which is to improve the society presents a very ideal concept. Educational policies gearing towards the benefits of both the teachers and students are exemplary good. However, what’s frustrating is the manner of implementation of those policies.
    This is a real challenge to all educators whether they are those at the high level positions or those who are considered as nameless ordinary teacher who endeavor the concrete realities in the field.

  35. There are two important things I’ve learned from this article. First, education should be geared toward the children’s needs. The History of the System of Education in our country has truly underwent several changes. For instance, in the ancient times, children were trained under the supervision of their parents. The purpose of teaching them during that time is for them to learn survival skills such as fishing, mining, cooking, and gardening. Those skills are needed so that our children will survive and continue to exist. Similarly, as an educator, we need to at all times ensure that what we are teaching our children are truly essential, relevant, and is according to their needs. Second, colonization has brought significant changes in our system of education. We owe our education from colonizers too. For instance, the coming of Spain to our country led to the introduction of the European system of education. Through this, primary schools, colleges and universities were established in our country. Spaniards have taught us to become obedient and God-fearing Christians. Americans on the other hand, have taught us their language. As a result, most of us today are capable of speaking and writing English fluently. The history of the System of Education in the Philippines implies that we need to continue the quest in providing quality education because in the end, it is for the benefit of our children and for the betterment of the entire nation.

  36. Loy Aziel D. Hofileña

    As time goes by, the education seems to evolve as knowledge and researches increase. Education has become a tool in forming the very foundation of the society. History shows that each colonizer in our country use education to gain political control. This is used to bring total control on the population and achieve its desired goals. This only shows that education is powerful and can convey changes on the society.

    However, for me, education must not be used as a controlling agent. It should not be fueled by motive to brainwash the populant. Instead, it should be geared in meeting the demands of our society, as what education should be; for the betterment of the individual, to uplift our humanity from the turmoils that surrounds in our environment.

    I’m glad that the author accentuate the need for continuous positive changes in our education system. This is important for we know that systems may be proven obsolete as time passes by. The world is shifting towards globalization; for us to not get left behind, it is empirical to make our educational systems adapt to the current global demands.

  37. Cybele Grace P. Aninion

    As I was reading this article, I have concluded that the Philippine Educational System has greatly improved since ancient times. Powerful countries colonized us, which has a plethora of effects on the present times and caused some of our ancient teachings forgotten.

    Spaniards colonized and taught Filipinos to be God-fearing individuals. Americans propagated English language, which is now a leading language of international discourse. The Japanese instilled their language and culture in educating Filipinos. If these were not part of our history, we could have had a much more different educational system. We could end up stuck in an era of primitive life. Things do happen for a reason. My point is, we need change to acquire something beautiful.

    As to the Filipinos in the present times, who neglected change and think change is not necessary, and I quote, “unrealistic and expensive”, maybe it’s time for them to change, too. I mean, they should go out in the field and discover for themselves the crisis the Philippine Educational System is facing. That is why the hunger for change is there because they know that something is not producing remarkable outputs anymore. We need to adapt to the rapidly-changing world, or we’ll be left behind.

  38. JEANMALRY P. MANATAD

    Education in the ancient times was never given importance. This was never doomed to be of topmost priority. During those periods, teachings were focused on how the person be of great help in the society and in the country. The development of education has underwent a lot of challenges and sacrifices before an equal access to education took place. For me, the coming of different colonizers in the Philippines has greatly influenced the kind of development in education we are enjoying right now. In connection, for me, the reason why the Philippines has been left behind when it comes to the economic status was because of the lack of support in education provided by the government. Even before the implementation of the K to 12 curriculum, Filipino professionals who wished to work abroad in lined with their professions were still considered below foreign levels because of the educational system the Philippines has adapted.

  39. Kimberly B. Pascual

    The essence of education to mankind is to gain knowledge and change the world in a good way, making it a better place to live. Educating people is necessary to unleash their skills, talents and potentials, thus ensuring one’s progress and development. It is fundamental with the fact that it primarily aims on making everyone become productive, hence, it allow every person to give valuable contributions for the society’s development. Education also plays an important role on building person’s good character by means of teaching values and moral principles. Over the years, the needs of the people to survive and to live with peace and harmony have altered due to advancements and increased globalization. Hence, there is also a necessity to take a step and ameliorate the educational system, intending to cope with the constant changes.

    This article substantially provided details as to how foreign countries made such an impact to the kind of educational system that Philippines have in the present. Our ancestors had experienced the life of being colonized by Spaniards, Americans and Japanese, and instilled them with different teachings based on the norms, cultures and traditions of every countries. As it is known, before the colonizers came, the early Filipinos’ kind of education primarily focuses on honing their basic survival skills which aims to suffice their needs and sustain their living. As the colonizers came into the Philippines, the Filipinos’ way of living have significantly changed. During Spanish regime, Filipinos were coerced to learn their religious belief and embrace Catholicism. In the American colonization, educating Filipinos, particularly to their language became their top priority. During Japan’s colonization period, Filipinos were obliged to learn their language. When Philippines finally set at liberty, the Philippine government took charge in handling the education in the country. Philippines’ previous leaders exert an effort on establishing some educational policies for the development and improvement of the society.

    As a reader, this article gave me some point of realizations. It made me realize that the learning from our forefathers were actually the seeds that were once planted, and it grow into something that cannot be taken away from us, our knowledge. This knowledge made us understand, communicate and connect with other people, regardless of their race and origin. It made me appreciate the existence of diversity. There are some important teachings from colonists that made us become of who we are today. Because of the knowledge that our ancestors obtained from them, they have learned various ways and techniques on how to use our resources that essentially lift the economy and most of all, it helped Filipinos established Philippines as an independent country. Furthermore, it enlightened me that educational changes is necessary and should take place, whether it leads to success or failure. To achieve growth and development, one should take a step and make a change, same thing with education. I am totally agree that educational content must always be relevant and flexible. Its content should focus on inculcating the learners on essential skill which can produce creative, lifelong learners and lastly, learners that can compete globally.

  40. Precious Pearl Panes

    This article is about how the Philippine Education started. When it comes to influence, the educational system of the Philippines has been affected immensely by the country’s colonial history including the Spanish period, American period, and Japanese rule and occupation. Even though our education underwent several changes because of colonization we also retained some of the ancient teachings which are practical until during our time. We learned from the Spaniards to be obedient and God-fearing Christians. Americans made it a point to teach English to the Filipinos. The American soldiers were the first teachers of the Filipinos.

    According to Nelson Mandela, “Education is the most powerful weapon which you can use to change the world.” We must not forget to remind them that above everything else we must prioritize the quality of education that the young Filipinos will get. And the government and its constituents must help each other hand-in-hand to achieve the best kind of education we can give to them.

  41. Precious Pearl Panes

    This article is about how the Philippine Education started. When it comes to influence, the educational system of the Philippines has been affected immensely by the country’s colonial history including the Spanish period, American period, and Japanese rule and occupation. Even though our education underwent several changes because of colonization we also retained some of the ancient teachings which are practical until during our time. We learned from the Spaniards to be obedient and God-fearing Christians. Americans made it a point to teach English to the Filipinos. The American soldiers were the first teachers of the Filipinos…

    According to Nelson Mandela, “Education is the most powerful weapon which you can use to change the world.” We must not forget to remind them that above everything else we must prioritize the quality of education that the young Filipinos will get. And the government and its constituents must help each other hand-in-hand to achieve the best kind of education we can give to them.

  42. there is bias in stating history of the curriculum of the Philippines. for instance the history regarding the contact of early Filipinos with Arabs and Chinese is not stated here. how does the manila lakan and datus rule regarding educational and curriculum of their children who are in school. how is arabic language in mindanao even today live with madrasa schooling.

  43. Janice A. Gumapang

    This article adds knowledge on the role of education in the society. It flashes out common notion that education lifts every individual from poverty in the country rather, education defines the stares of success of where educated people lived. For a moment by reading this article, a passing by question struck my mind saying, “What could be the level of education in the Philippines without the them-the foreign countries colonized us?”.
    As I run through the reading, I again was startled by the fact that Spaniards did not give more emphasis on their language in teaching Filipinos, instead, Americans did otherwise. This will oppose to what we Filipinos believe in that patronizing our own language in all areas will somehow help the development of the country. No wonder why America is more develop than Europe back then. From this article, I admire Dr. Jose V. Aguilar for taking the risk to experiment and include vernacular as a medium for learning.
    Nevertheless, I strongly agree of what this article has stated that education must have the content focusing on the need of the society of this country. That education must be flexible enough to embrace changes.

  44. Louie Jane Eleccion

    For the past four centuries, the country was colonized by different nationalities, namely, Spaniards, Americans, Japanese, resulting to the diversification of our cultures. Not only that, these group of people introduced different principles in our educational system, based on their cultural approach. Hence, we adapted cultures from each group, acquiring Christianity from Spaniards, formal education from Americans, and language from Japanese. These things were like being put together and were applied in our educational system today.

    In present times, we have schools, especially private ones which were built by the Spaniards, who taught religion. And with the advent of American’s formal education, these schools adapted their curriculum, however, the teaching of religion remains. Also, during the American regime, a lot of the Filipinos become more and more passionate about education. Thus, public schools were also built around the country to sustain their hunger to be educated. Lastly, it was Japanese who enriched Filipino’s hard work, as they also focused on teaching “Love for Labor”. With that, they started teaching vocational as Japanese values skills and craftsmanship, aside from mandating their language throughout the archipelago.

    These things greatly influenced our system of education as we adapted from what they have started, such that, ’til today we teach religion in private schools, EsP in public schools which also focuses on Morals, and lastly, TESDA is now in collaboration with the Department of Education.

    Indeed, “the past is the key to the present!”

  45. Thank you for a clear, and very informative article about the history of the Philippines’ educational system. It is evident that our system of education has greatly improved to provide and sustain the needs of the Filipinos for a quality and relevant education. It has evolved throughout the years, and has adapted to the major changes in the Philippine context. These pedagogical shifts are a solid proof of our willingness and passion to liberate ourselves from illiteracy, mediocrity, and poverty, and this further shows how resilient and adaptive Filipinos are in times of adversities and uncertainties.

  46. Irene Y. Vallespin

    EDUCATION is the wealth of knowledge acquired by an individual after studying particular subject matters or experiencing life lessons that provide an understanding of something.Yes, it is definitely an invisible wealth, as our ancestors had usually said to their young ones that it is the only wealth that they can bestow upon us which cannot be stolen. And talking of bestowing education, our parents served as our first teachers had started educating us at home. As previously mentioned by the author, that the father trained his sons to be warriors, hunters, fishermen, miners, lumbermen and ship builders. The mother on her part trained her daughters in cooking, gardening, serving and other household arts.These teachings are basics but are important in nurturing our children, and it is merely an EDUCATION.

    The article helps the readers understand the History of the of the education system in the Philippines as to how education in our country started, and what are its implications for the present generations.

    After four centuries and a half of being a colony of Spain, America and Japan, the concern of the Filipino educators and policy makers is the Filipinization of the Filipinos and Filipino institutions.

  47. The Philippine educational system had been through a lot. Now, we are continuously trying to survive the uphill battles in the quest for the best type of education we can employ to “develop an individual’s potential to improve our society.” Educators of today are being optimistic that with the learners and the country at the top of our priority we can win the impending war against ignorance in its many forms.

  48. I think the spanish education make a big impact in our education during their regime in Philippines. They make the native Filipinos obedient and God fearing as Christians… religion subjects was made compulsory at all levels from primary schools to the universities. And this is still practice this present days by other school specially the catholic schools…

  49. Amario T Fabiosa, Jr

    In the paragraph portion where it says: “It is said that in ancient Panay, there was a barangay school called Bothoan under the charge of the teacher usually an old man. The subjects taught to the children in this barangay school were reading, writing, arithmetic, use of weapons and lubus (acquiring kinaadman or amulets).”, I have questions. Do we have the proof to show that this is true? Can we see some ancient script and materials of reading and writing that they use during that time? And if this is really true, when was the time that this happen? Did this happen before the Spaniards came to the Philippines ?

    In the statement: “It is interesting to note that for nearly 300 years, education in the Philippines was the primary responsibility of the Catholic Church. ”, I would like to comment. It is also interesting to ask what is the effect of this nearly 300 years of Catholic Church education domination to the Philippines today. 300 hundred years is a very long time. So, this very long time influence naturally have some deep and ingrained effects on the linguistics, culture and psychological mindset of the Filipinos.

    I would like to disagree on the statement: “The United States had a different approach dictated by what the Americans considered to be their principal goal in coming to the Philippines – “to educate and to train in the science of self-government.” I think the primary goal of the Americans in coming to the Philippines is to use and exploit its resources for their benefit; other reasons are secondary in nature. Remember that the Philippines were bought by the US from Spain. Although we can all agree that we are in a better management under the US than that of Spain but we cannot deny the fact that having the Philippines as a new territory from the US did come with great cost.

  50. Thank you for the informative history, I’m just startle I thought educational system in the Philippines is fully developed by itself. But it was a lot of country helped and contributed to the quality of our educational system.
    We should be grateful in Spanish regime during our history for incorporated us the Christian religion here in the Philippines which was the compulsory subject in all school level during old ancient. But in present generation it was diminished it just now a topic in one subject which is ESP or GMRC. I hope they worthily bring back again that subject because this will help our youth to become closer and have fear to our God.
    American regime also administered educational system in our country that is to learn us English language which are we use wherever and really essential.
    However, in our country during President Quezon regime had also excellent contribution in our country that was implementing of Code of Ethics which is really helpful and quite good to our student to commit.
    Whatsoever, the history of the system of education in our country came. All countries who included for the contribution is agreeable for the attribute of our educational system at present. I hope also educational system in our new society will continue to improve the quality of education so that we the Filipino country can associate confidently to the other countries.

  51. This article made me contemplate on the impact of colonialism to the Philippine educational system and even to our way of life. In fact, curriculum adjustment and innovations are directed towards keeping up with the advancement of the world. However, policy makers and education managers must see to it that necessary preparations and required resources and logistics are all in place for the changes.

  52. This article made me ponder on the numerous influences other countries had brought into the Philippine educational system and the several curriculum adjustments it has to make in order to cope with the demands of the world. Although these influences and changes have really helped in improving the quality of education, policy makers should also see to it that the system can provide bridges for the gaps brought about by these changes. I believe that education must first provide the learners’ needs before the world’s. Logistics must be at hand for any changes made.

  53. Jowem Ivan G. Babao

    This article really helped us to trace back how education started in this world. Known colonizers in our country contributed a lot to our knowledge today despite of the negative insights we have heard from our elders and read in some books in an educational institution about how they ran our country before. You will notice also that people before were not given with equal access to formal education not like today. In this generation, access to quality education is possible with the help of the government, so the challenge today is how an individual or learner learns the content being taught by a teacher. It was given emphasis in the article that our country needs a quality teacher with effective methods of teaching. This article also helped us, teachers, to realize that we can do more about educating a learner knowing we have a lot of resources to use inside the classroom compared to the old education we have in Philippines.

  54. Our country’s educational system are all results of colonialism, backed up by our rich history of being colonized for three centuries by the Spanish regime, followed for nearly five decades by the US occupation.

    One of the milestones in the Philippine education is that the government actively seeks to expand access and participation in higher education and, most importantly, tries to improve the quality of education.

    I think that we just have to be more open to educational opportunities, and maximize our edge as English-speaking citizens, mainly in global commerce and education. Being more pro-active in teaching ourselves to be our responsible innovators for our own professional and financial gain. Through research, we might actually stumble on some local grants, interesting online courses and international scholarships that can educationally and economically upgrade us. The continuity of learning and education, are still the greatest investments we could give to ourselves and the country.

  55. sana mabasa nyo po ito … ako po kabilang ng aking mga kagrupo ay nag papalabas ng isang makasaysayang dula sa larangan ng entablado … ito po ay stage play ang pamagat ay KAGITINGAN Bataan Has Fallen … nilalayon po namin na matulungan ang ating mga guro na ipaalam sa libo-libong estudyante dito sa pilipinas na kung ano ang kahalagahan ng history ng pilipinas at kung sino sino ang mga naging bayani ng noong ikalawang digmaan ….. ang grupo ko po ay ALTITUDE THEATER ARTS PRODUCTION !!! KUNG MAY KATANUNGAN PA PO KAU KINDLY pm ME ON FACEBOOK kENNETH LEE or sa email namin na [email protected]

  56. I’d like to comment on the topic the Iloilo experiment. In light with MTB-MLE this was the first recorded attempt on the use of the first language as LOI. It was not really fiasco on the educational system as presented in this blog.

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