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DepED Child Protection Policy – What You Need to Know


DepED Order No. 40, s. 2012


DepED Child Protection Policy

The policy aim to protect the child from all forms of violence that may be inflicted by adults, persons in authority as well as their fellow students, including bullying.

To provide special protection to children who are gravely threatened or endangered by circumstances which affect their normal development and over which they have no control, and to assist the concerned agencies in their rehabilitation.

To ensure that such special protection from all forms of abuse and exploitation and care as is necessary for the child’s well-being, taking into account the primary rights and duties of parents, legal guardians, or other individuals who are legally responsible and exercise custody over the child.

Zero tolerance for any act of child abuse, exploitation, violence, discrimination, bullying and other forms of abuse.

The policy guidelines have listed down the specific acts that constitute child abuse and violence which public and private schools cases used as a guide in addressing this social problem.

Physical, Verbal and Sexual Abuse and Violence inflicted by Teachers & Other School Personnel

  • 3 out of 10 children in Grades 1-3 and almost 5 out of 10 from high school experience physical violence (such as pinching and hitting) committed by teachers;
  • Approximately 4 out of 10 children in Grades 1-3 and 7 out of 10 in higher grade levels have complained of verbal abuse by their teachers;
  • 36.53 % of children in Grades 4-6 and 42. 88% of high school students surveyed indicated they have experienced verbal sexual violence in school and 11.95% of children in Grades 4-6 and 17.60% of high school students have experienced inappropriate touching.

Physical, Verbal and Sexual Abuse and Violence Among Children, (i.e. Bullying, etc.)

  • 73.58% of children in Grades 4-6 and 78.36% in high school surveyed in urban areas have suffered verbal abuse violence from their peers;
  • 30.17% of children in Grades 4-6 and 37.57% in high school surveyed in rural areas have experienced physical abuse or violence committed by their peers;
  • 26.74% of children in Grades 4-6 and 43. 71% in high school in urban areas surveyed have experienced verbal sexual abuse committed by their peers and 9.65% of Grades 4-6 and 17.71 of high school students experienced inappropriate touching.

Source: “Towards A Child-Friendly Education Environment”,
PWU-CWC-UNICEF for Plan Philippines in 2009


Section 3 (2) Article XV of the 1987 Constitution

  • the state shall defend the right of children to assistance, including proper care and nutrition, and special protection from all forms of neglect, abuse, cruelty, exploitation and other conditions prejudicial to their development.

Convention on the Rights of the Child (CRC)

  • aims to protect children from all forms of physical or mental violence, injury and abuse, neglect or negligent treatment maltreatment and exploitation, including sexual abuse.


  • refers to any person below eighteen (18) years of age or those over but are unable to fully take care of themselves or protect themselves from abuse, neglect, cruelty, exploitation or discrimination of physical or mental disability or condition (RA 7610).

includes pupils or students who may be eighteen (18) years of age or older but are in school.


  • refers to bonafide pupils, students or learners who are enrolled in the basic education system, whether regular, irregular, transferee or repeater, including those who have been temporarily out of school, who are in the school or learning centers premises or participating in school sanctioned activities.


  • means a child who regularly attends classes in any level of the basic education system, under the supervision of a teacher or facilitator.


  • Abuse
  • Violence
  • Exploitation
  • Discrimination
  • Corporal Punishment
  • Bullying
  • Other Forms of Abuse


– refers to the maltreatment of a child whether habitual or not, which includes the following :

  1. Psychological or physical abuse, neglect, cruelty, sexual abuse and emotional maltreatment.
  2. Any act or deeds or words which debases, degrades or demeans the intrinsic worth dignity of a child as a human being.
  3. Unreasonable deprivation of the child’s basic needs for survival such as food and shelter; or
  4. Failure to immediately give medical treatment to an injured child resulting in serious impairment of his or her growth and development or in the child’s permanent in capacity or death. (section 3 (b) RA 7610)


– refers to an act of exclusion, distinction, restriction or preference which is based on any ground such as age, ethnicity, sex, sexual orientation and gender identity, language, religion, political or other opinion, national or social origin, property, birth, being inflicted by AIDS, being pregnant, being a child in conflict with the law, being a child with disability or other status or condition, and which has the purpose or affect of nullifying or impairing the recognition, enjoyment or exercise by all persons on an equal footing, of all rights and freedom.


– refers to a kind of punishment or penalty imposed for an alleged or actual offense, which is carried out or inflicted, for the purpose of discipline, training or control, by a teacher, school administrator, an adult, or any other child who has been given or has assumed authority or responsibility for punishment or discipline. It includes physical, humiliating or degrading punishment, including but not limited to the following :

  1. Blows such as, but not limited to, beating, kicking, hitting, slapping, or lashing, of any part of a child’s body, with or without the use of an instrument such as, but not limited to a cane, broom, stick, whip or belt;
  2. Striking of a child’s face or head, such being declared as a “no contract zone”;
  3. Pulling hair, shaking, twisting joints, cutting or piercing skin, dragging, pushing or throwing of a child;
  4. Forcing a child to perform physically painful or damaging acts such as, but not limited to, holding a weight or weights for an extended period and kneeling on stones, salt, pebbles or other objects;
  5. Deprivation of a child’s physical needs as a form of punishment;
  6. Deliberate exposure to fire, ice water, smoke, sunlight, rain, pepper, alcohol, or forcing the child to swallow substances, dangerous chemicals, and other materials that can cause discomfort or threaten the child’s health, safety and sense of security such as, but not limited to insecticides, excrement or urine;
  7. Tying up a child;
  8. Confinement, imprisonment or depriving the liberty of a child;
  9. Verbal abuse or assaults, including intimidation or threat of bodily harm, swearing or cursing, ridiculing or denigrating the child;
  10. Forcing a child to swear a sign, to undress or disrobe, or put on anything that will make a child look or feel foolish, which belittles or humiliates the child in front of others;
  11. Permanent confiscation of personal property of pupils, students or learners, except when such pieces of property pose a danger to the child or to others, and
  12. Other analogous acts.


– refers to the use of children for someone else’s advantage, gratification or profit resulting in an unjust, cruel and harmful treatment of the child.

Two forms :

  1. Sexual exploitation – abuse of position of vulnerability, differential power, or trust, for sexual purposes.
  2. Economic exploitation – use of the child in work or other activities for the benefit of others.


– refers to a single act or a series of acts committed by school administrators, academic and non-academic personnel against a child which result in or is likely to result in physical, sexual, psychological harm or suffering or other abuses including threats of such acts, battery, assault, coercion, harassment or arbitrary deprivation of liberty. It includes, but is not limited to the following acts :

  1. Physical violence – bodily or physical harm. It includes assigning tasks which are hazardous to their physical well-being.
  2. Sexual violence – acts that sexual in nature. It includes, but not limited to : rape, sexual harassment, forcing the child to watch obsence or indicent shows, forcing the child to engage in sexual activity.
  3. Psychological violence – acts or omissions causing or likely to cause mental or emotional suffering of the child.
  4. Other acts of violence of a physical, sexual or psychological nature that are prejudicial to the best interest of the child.


–  is committed when a student commits an act or a series of acts directed towards another student, or a series of single acts directed towards several students in a school setting or a place of learning, which results in physical and mental abuse, harassment, intimidation, or humiliation.

  • Threats to inflict a wrong upon a person, honor or property of the person or on his or her family;
  • Stalking or constantly following or pursuing a person in his or her daily activities, with unwanted and obsessive attention;
  • Taking of property;
  • Public humiliation, or public and malicious imputation of a crime or of a vice or defect, whether real or imaginary, or any act, omission, condition, status, or circumstance tending to cause dishonor, discredit or expose a person to contempt;
  • Deliberate destruction or defacement of, or damage to the child’s property;
  • Physical violence committed upon a student, which may or may not result to harm or injury, with or without the act of weapon. Such violence may be in the form of mauling, hitting, punching, kicking, throwing things at the student, pinching, spanking, or other similar acts;
  • Demanding or requiring sexual or monetary favors or exacting money or property from a pupil or student; and
  • Restraining the liberty and freedom of a pupil or student.


– is any conduct which results to harassment, intimidation, or humiliation, through electronic means or other technology, such as, but not limited to texting, email, instant messaging, chatting, internet, social networking websites or other platforms or formats.


  • it shall be acted upon by the School Head who shall inform the parents or guardians of the victim and offending child;
  • the incident will be referred to the Child Protection Committee for counseling and other intervention.
  • If warranted, penalties may be imposed by the School Head.

Penalties :

1st Offense – reprimand

2nd offense and subsequent time – suspension for not more than one (1) week (this is after the offending child has received counseling or other interventions)

Note: during the period of suspension, the offending child and the parents or guardians may be required to attend further seminars and counseling.

In all cases where the imposable penalty on the offending child is suspension, exclusion or expulsion, the following minimum requirements of due process shall be complied with :

  1. The child and the parents or guardians must be informed of the complaint in writing;
  2. The child shall be given the opportunity to answer the complaint in writing, with the assistance of the parents or guardians;
  3. The decision of the school head must be writing, stating the facts and the reasons for the decisions;
  4. The decision of the school head may be appealed as provided in existing rules of the Department.

If the bullying or peer abuse resulted in serious physical injuries or death, whenever appropriate, the case shall be dealth with in accordance with the provisions of Republic Act No. 7610 and its Implementing Rules and Regulations.

Depending on the gravity of the bullying committed by any pupil, student or learner, the school may impose other non-disciplinary measures.

HOUSE BILL No. 5496 “Anti-Bullying Act of 2012”

Approved in the Senate and House of Representatives on June 7, 2013

  • It empowers the DepED to penalize schools that do not stop bullying or sanction bullies.
  • Authorize schools to impose sanctions on student bullies.

All elementary and high schools would be required to adopt anti-bullying policies and sanctions, which would apply to prohibited acts committed within their campuses at school sponsored activities, whether done on or off school grounds, school bus stops, school buses, or other properties owned or leased by the school.

  • A bully would be required to undergo rehabilitation by the school, together with his or her parents.
  • Schools would maintain a public record of bullies and their offenses.
  • The bill mandates the Secretary of Education to issue the implementing rules and regulations.

Authors: Senators Juan Edgardo Angara, Antonio Trillanes IV, Meriam Santiago.
House of Representatives : the late Salvador Escudero III Mitzi Cajayon, 3 part-list reps.


– is a way of thinking and a holistic, constructive and pro-active approach to teaching that helps children develop appropriate thinking and behavior in the short and long-term and fosters self-discipline. It is based on the fundamental principle that children begins with setting the long-term goals or impacts that teachers want to have on their students’ adult lives, and using everyday situations and challenges to teach life-long skills and values to students.


Central Office

  • Develop policy and guidelines for the prevention of violence against children in schools and make these available to all schools;
  • Conduct a nationwide information dissemination;
  • Devise programs, campaigns and activities;
  • Formulate a system of standard reporting of cases;
  • The Secretary exercise disciplinary jurisdiction

Regional Office

  • Encourage and support advocacy campaigns;
  • Consolidate reports on incidents and cases;
  • Monitor and evaluate the implementation of CPC
  • Exercise disciplinary jurisdiction
  • Give recommendation to the Central Office

Division Office

  • Conduct information dissemination activities
  • Organize and conduct capacity building activities for the members of the Child Protection Committee
  • Develop strategies to address the risk factors
  • Consolidate reports
  • Exercise disciplinary jurisdiction
  • Give recommendations to the Regional Office


All school heads shall have the following duties and responsibilities :

  • ensure the institution of effective child protection policies and procedures, and monitor compliance thereof;
  • ensure that the school adopts a child protection policy;
  • organize and convene the Child Protection Committee of the school;
  • ensure that all pupils, students or learners, school personnel, parents, guardians or custodians, and visitors and guests are made aware of Child Protection Policy;
  • conduct capacity building activities for the members of the Child Protection Committee;
  • conduct disciplinary proceedings;
  • maintain a record of all proceedings;
  • coordinate with the appropriate government and non-governmental organizations

All public and private elementary and secondary schools shall establish a CHILD PROTECTION COMMITTEE

  1. Chairperson : School Head/Administrator
  2. Vice-Chair : Guidance Counselor/Teacher
  3. Members : Rep. Of the Teachers as designated by the Faculty Club
  4. Rep. of the Parents as designated by the PTA
  5. Rep. of pupils, students and learners as designated by the the Supreme Student Council
  6. Rep. from the Community as designated by the Punong Brgy., preferably a member of the Brgy. Council for the Protection of Children

Functions of Child Protection Committee

  • draft a school child protection policy with a code of conduct and a plan to ensure child protection and safety, which shall be reviewed every 3 years;
    (template will be provided)
  • initiate information dissemination programs and organize activities for the protection of children from abuse;
  • develop and implement a school-based referral and monitoring system; (template will be provided)
  • give assistance to parents or guardians, whenever necessary;
  • coordinate closely with the PNP, DSWD, NGOs and other non-governmental institutions;
  • monitor implementation of positive measures and effective procedures;
  • ensure that children’s right to be heard are respected and upheld in all matters and procedures affecting their welfare.


Private Schools

Complaint against school personnel or official

A complaint for child abuse, violence, exploitation or discrimination in a private school shall be filed with the School Head/Chief Executive Officer and shall be acted upon pursuant to the school’s rules of procedures on administrative cases. The penalty shall be that which is provided by the rules of the school, subject to the requirements of due process. The administrative cases shall be without prejudice to any civil or criminal cases that may be filed.

Public Schools

  1. Expeditious conduct of investigation and reporting of cases;
  2. School Head or the Schools Division Superintendent shall forward the complaint within 48 hours to the Disciplining Authority, who shall issue an Order for the conduct of a fact0finding investigation, not later than 72 hours from submission;
  3. If the person complained of is a non-teaching personnel, the Schools Division Superintendent shall cause the conduct of a fact-finding investigation within the same period;
  4. Criminal and civil liability shall not be a bar to the filing of an administrative case;
  5. The Revised Rules of Procedure of DepED in Administrative Cases shall apply in all other aspects;
  6. The identity or another information that may reasonably identify the pupil or student shall remain confidential; and
  7. The identity of a respondent-teacher shall likewise be kept confidential.


Private Schools shall be responsible for promulgating a school child protection policy, including a policy on bullying, a protocol for reporting and procedures for handling and management of cases, consistent with these policies and guidelines.

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  1. elena B. Joson says

    ask ko lang po wat disciplinary action ang pwede ipataw sa isang teacher (in a private school) na pinindot ang ilong ng kanyang pupil at nasugat ang ilong na ito..will a one-week suspension be enough

  2. Maricket A Rosario says

    Good day po, gusto ko lang pong malaman kung ano po ang dapat na disiplinary action na ipapataw sa teacher ng anak ko. Nagaaral po sya sa Fiat Luc Academe dito sa imus cavite branch. Tungkol po ito sa examination nila. Dated oct 26,27 at 28. Tatlo po ang anak ko na nagaaral sa school sa Fiat isang grade 7, grade 5 and kinder. Di po kasi ako nakabayad agad ng tuition fee nila ng month of oct. since exam na nila nung oct 26,27 at 28. 1st day po ng exam pumasok po ung dalawa kong elementary at nakapagexam po silang dalawa ngaun po ung grade 7 ko pumasok po ng hapon kasi panghapon po exam nya knowing n makakapagtake sya ng exam. Dumating po sya ng bahay 7pm na po then kinamusta ko exam nya sabi nya di daw sya pinayagan ng teacher na magtake ng exam kasi po wla syang permit kaya po pinalabas po sya ng room at pinagstay po sya sa corridor ng 3hrs and 30mins. Sa awa ko sa anak ko bakit kako di man lang ako tinext ng teacher or ng skul about that na di sya pinagexam at pinalabas sya ng klase. Sana man lang pinauwi na lang sya kaysa nagstay sya sa corridor na wla man lang upuan. Para nilang kinawawa ang anak ko. Di man lang sila pinapunta sa library or sa faculty man lang. naawa ako sa anak ko eh babae pa naman un na nasa labas ng room na pwede pang maging dahilan ng pagbully ng mga kaklasmate nya after the exam. Kung ikaw na magulang maaawa ka sa situation ng anak ko pano kung mahina ung anak ko sa ginawa nilang pagpapalabas sa kadahilanan di lang nakabayad ng isang buwan. Sa galit ko pumunta ako sa school nila para kausapin ang principal para sa maling pagtrato sa anak ko parang lumalabas na act of discrimination ung ginawa sa kanya and may cause bullying pa after. Alam ko in our side as parents responsibilidad namin na bayaran ang tuition fee or kung hindi man gagawa ng promisory note na di ko nagawa pero kahit na di ako nakagawa ng promisory note di parin makatarungan ung andun na ung bata sa room tas papalabasin mo dahil wlang permit. Tas ganun pa na pagtrato nila na sa corridor sya pinagantay hanggang sa uwiian na. alam mo ung magrecess mga klasmate nya tas makikita anak mo sa corridor pano kung binully anak ko at pano kung mahina anak ko at dinibdib nya ung ganun situation pano kung napahiya ung anak ko sa ganung situation di ba. Andun na kme na fault namin na di nakabayad kaso mali parin ung treatment nila sa paghandle ng mga di p nakakabayad. Tapos para makapagexam ung anak ko sinamahan kme sa may ari ng skul para makiusap para makapagexam anak ko. Kaso di nya kme hinarap sabi ng tao nila pagod daw ung may ari at matutulog na daw hapon kasi ako pumunta dun sa skul eh. Parang ang sakit isipin na di man lang kme hinarap nung may ari na ang sabi pa na pumunta na lang daw kme sa main branch at sa acctg kme makiusap. Smantalang andun na kme sa imus branch skul ng mga anak ko. Ni wla man lang makapgdesisyon kung ano ang gagawin namin khit mga teachers wla silang magawa kasi daw wla na daw dun ung acting principal sa imus branch pumunta na daw ng main branch sa dasma cavite. Maiyak iyak ako sa skul kasi parang kinawawa kme lalo n ung pagtrato ng may ari ng skul sa amin. Sa di ako makapunta ng dasma kasi 3months buntis ako nagpilit ako na tumawag sila sa main at iconnect ako sa acctg para makiusap. Nakausap ko ang taga acctg tas pinagawa ako ng promisory note. Para makaexam anak ko. Sabi ko sana kung tinext nyo lang ako nung 1st day ng exam which is oct 26 sana pumunta ako ng skul at gumawa ng promisory note di ung nagsawalang bahala kayo at di nyo pinagexam anak ko sabi ko. Oct 27 nakapagexam anak ko. Oct 28 pumunta ako ng main branch ng Fiat Lux Academe para ipasa mismo ung ginawa kung complaint letter sa imus branch ng Fiat at complaint letter sa teacher sa pagsasawalang bahala sa di pagbigay ng magandang pag istayan ng anak ko habang nagppaexam sya sa ibang istudyante. Sabi ng principal iimbestigahan nya ang nangyari kasi sa imus branch nila nangyari un sabi nya may negligence na ginawa ang teacher nila sabi mag apology sya sa anak ko at bigyan sya ng disciplinary action. Sabi ng principal iuupdate nila ako sa investigation nila pero hanggang ngaun november 9 wla parin silang update sa akin. Ano po ba ang dapat kung gawin at tama po ba na ganun ang treatment nila pag exam kasi may nakausap na rin akong parents na ganun daw talaga ang ginagawa ng mga teachers na papalabasin ang mga students pag wlang permit sa exam. Tama po ba un sa private school as rules and regulation nila?sna po mabigyan nyo po ako ng sagot at tamang gagawin laban sa skul.

  3. Merlinda Murillo Oliver says

    Magtatanong lang po kung ano ang pwedeng punishment ng teacher na pinalo ng stick sa palad ang pupil pero dahil umilag ang pupil tinamaan sa may balikat malapit sa likod ang pupil. Ang pupil po kasi naglalaro ng baril barilan na may balang papel at nakakasakit sa kapwa pupil.

  4. Pocahontas says

    Noong lunes, sept. 11, 2017, during lunchbreak, naghahabulan ang anak ko at ang classmate nya who happens to be her friend. Nhagip ng anak ko ang buhok ng bata kaya hinila nya para maabutan. Nasaktan ang bata. From a distance, marami ang nkasaksi n mga magulang particular ang nanay ng bata. Nksigaw p ng aray aray ang bata dahil hibdi binitawan ng anako ang buhok hangat d naabutan. Dahil nsaktan, nagsorry nman ang anak ko. Since they are playing, they just went on their ways. Pero walang away n naganap sa dalawang bata.
    The next thing happened, binantayan ng nanay ung anak ko pglabas ng room. Hinawakan ng masakit ang balikat at dinuro duro at pinagalitan ang anak ko. Tinakot nya pa na kun sya ang mkahawak s buhok ng anak ko, uubusin ang buhok nya.sinabihan n wag n uulitin. Sumang ayon nman ang anak ko.
    Nalaman ko ang incident wednesday ng tanghali. Dahil may concerned parent n nagtip n mag investigate ako s anak ko dahil me nangyari.
    Nagkaron ng amicable settlement between us parents pero nung gabi, nlaman ko, pangatlo n ang anak ko s nbiktima ng child abuse ng same mother. Lumabas na walang disciplinar actions n nangyari dahil puro sertled ang cases. Ang tanong ko po, ano po. Ano b ang dapat na action ng school s nanay na ito? Araw araw nandun xa s loob ng school compound at may precedence na ang kaso ng pang-aabuso sa mga bata n mkasakit s anak nya, sinadya man o hindi sinasadya.


    Good day po!

    I just wanted to ask kung ano po ang proper action na dapat gawin.
    Grade 2student honor student po ang aking anak at pinunit po ng teacher ang kanyang notebook kasi daw maingay at lumipat ng seat.
    Iyak ng iyak ang bata kasi napahiya siya infront of the class.
    Im afraid this will affect my daughters psychological growth.
    Matter of fact,kaninang umaga she doesn’t want to go to school muna kasi nahihiya daw siya at natatakot na siya sa teacher niya.

    Your kind advise is highly appreciated po.

    Thank you!

  6. Jennifer says

    Good day.
    My son is a grade 10 student at a private school in Arpili, Balamban, Cebu.
    My complain is regarding the forced cutting of the boys hair by their teacher named Sir C. I was hurt, insulted or maybe furious when I saw my son arrived home with a semi skinhead hair. I asked my son why? Because we had his haircut done the previous day. He said that all of them had to be trimmed by their teacher using a hair clipper, including him even if he just had his haircut. And since the teacher is not a barber, the boys haircut looks very funny that need a real barber after school.
    And because this is not the first time the teacher did this, I went to the principal to make a complain and that I need to talk to the said teacher. I’ve waited but I never receive the appointment that I need to talk to the teacher.
    I believed the teacher is kind of a “Sadista” person, Trip lang niya to make fun of the students, mukhang katatawanan yong mga bata, kc parang rough road papuntang bundok ang haircut nila.
    Tama ba na ginawang parang preso ang mga bata? Kulang nalang kalbuhin. Is it a form of physical, psychological and emotional abuse?
    Please help me. What should I do?
    Thank you and God bless.

    1. Mark Llego says

      Good Day!

      Thank you for your message. We will get back to you as soon as possible.

      1. Mark Llego says

        Good Day,

        Kindly email me ([email protected]) all the pertinent details including the name of the school & address. Thank you!

  7. Arlyn says

    Ask ko lang po. Yung anak kong babae n grade7 inasar ng classmate nyang lalake nagdrawing tapos sinabi na pwet nya daw yun. Hanggang sa napunta na ubg asaran nila sa kpop idol ng anak ko na bts. Napikon ang anak ko kaya nabato nya ng binder ubg classmate nya. Not intentional pero tumama sa gilid ng mata. Nabgyan ng punishment ang anak ko na kung kasama sya sa top ten or may award sa school ay maalis sya dahil sa incident na yun. Ang concern ko lang po bkit ang anak ko bngyan ng ganun parusa . My point is kubg hndi sya binully hndi sya mapoprovoke na mapikon that leads to harm her classmate


      Excuse me po, Kahit po binully ang anak nyo or Hindi. Naprovoke man sya o hindi. Wala pa rin syang karapatan na Saktan at batuhin ang classmate nya. As a matter of fact pwede nya namang i-report iyon sa Teacher, NA HINDI NANAKIT NG KAPWA NYA. Remember ang 12 years old pataas ay pwede na pong makulong. Kapag nakasakit sya ng kanyang kapwa depende sa bigat ng kanyang ginawa.

  8. ARIEL YONZON says

    My wife and I have exhausted the channels and procedures within our daughter’s private school protocols as regards a complaint we raised last year, bordering on Child Abuse, w/c took up to Recognition Day (end of SY 2016-2017 to address, with intervention of School Directress (no less) in the non-action of the Principal. We had an amicable resolution in that meeting, teacher/s apologized and committed to “non-aggression” or retaliation against our Daughter, later. Now, just 3 days into the new SY, the same complained teacher is hot on our daughter’s tail over a reported event (where she was not even present!) that our daughter allegedly impolitely slammed a pencil on a Table where they were registering for membership to the Junior Writers’ Club. Had it been true, they should have called our daughter’s attention pronto; BUT, no, it was later reported to our daughter’s Adviser…not even by the faculty who was manning the table, but his co-Moderator (whom we complained of and about last year!) who was not even there! We take offense; and, find this act malicious! WHERE can we file a proper Child Abuse case, now? OR, must we still fiule with the School Directress?

  9. myla Jucar says

    Ask ko lang po kung ok lang na a teacher uploading pics ng hs students and mga parents na pumipirma at kinakausap niya into the social media….. .. as evidence daw sa IPCRF .. Parent din po kc ako and im bothered. Thanks

  10. Elizabeth flordeliz says

    Tanung ko lng po.. scholar anak ko sa isang school sa pasig .. perp sa kasamang palad po kailangan namin lumipat month. Sept. So kailangan din nya lumipat ng school.. at kailangan namin kunin ang good moral at form 137 nya so pinag bayad kami full payment s tuition nya para makuha namin ang good moral at form 137… at tinanong namin marerfund la ba namin sxholarship ng anak ko.. sabinya sa cashier pwede po sa jan. Or feb. Marerefund … so tumawag kami kahapon at sinasabi ng isang staff sa sxhool pumunta na lng school at mag fill up ng form at isama ang anak ko… afye5 minutes to 10 minutes.. biglang tumawag ang staff ng sxhool sa cp. Ng mrs. Ko at sinasabi na di na daw makukuha ang refund ng scholarship ng anak ko kasi mag bago na daw policy…is worth 10,000 po magrerefund saya g namin please help me and god bless depEd…

  11. Jing says

    Ok lng po ba lgyan ng masking tapeang bibig ng bata dhil sa sobrang ingay at likot ng bata? Just to keep the child’s mouth shut in that moment kc po ung nata na ang prang teacher na mgsasabi n pwede ng mgrecess at sasabhin png walng pasok…

    1. Aiza says

      Definitely not

  12. Eduardo C. Lopez says

    Good Morning Po maam and Sir..

    tanong ku lang po.. pwede po ba manakit ang guro ng kanyang estudyante dahil lang po sa nahagip at nalaglag ang kanyang cellphone habang naka charge sa loob ng classroom??

  13. liam says

    Can a preschool accept a child with autism if they don’t have a dedicated guidance counselor and/or a SPED teacher?

    Also, can a child be suspended and not be accepted by the school anymore? School says they won’t accept tuition fee anymore so child cannot come any more.

    Does DepEd check the background of school owners or administrators? e.g. criminal offenses, psychological conditions, etc.

    1. Arwen says

      Documented na ba yung bata na autistic talaga? If so, the parent should find a school suitable for the child unless the Developmental Pediatrician recommends the kid to enrol in a regular class. Kung may ganyang recommendation, the school may or may not accept the child. May ibang parents na sila mismo nagp provide ng shadow teacher sa bata kung dun talaga nila gusto i enrol. May kasunduan ang parents and school. Find a progressive school for the child.

  14. Cristine joy ranario says

    Paano po kung ang isang teacher ay nagpahiya ng istudyante sa harap ng klase at sinabihan nya ang estudyante nya na sinungaling daw ang bata..

  15. Mitch says

    I would like to know what is the extent or limitation of a student on social media posting. My nephew is being intimated by some of the teachers who forced him to take down his facebook post “shoutout sa mga canteen na hindi tumatanggap na pera na maitim”. The post did not the mention the name of his school. It was just unfortunate that one of his school friends commented “magkaisa lahat ng estudyante ng (name of school). Please note that many students of this school are victims of this coin rejection policy of the school which made them HUNGRY since they cannot use their money to buy food from canteen and not also allowed to buy outside the school. Most of the students do not have extra money to use for food but only that “coins na maitim” which they also receive from jeepney or trycicle.

    Background: The school canteen of my nephew is not accepting “coins na maitim”. Per BSP, it is not classified as unfit for circulation since it is not disfigured and its genuineness and/or denomination can still be readily and clearly determined/identified. In any case, currency notes and coins considered unfit for circulation may be presented for exchange to or deposited with any bank. The school has now a tarpaulin announcing that non-acceptance of the “maitim na coins”. Now, my nephew does not want to go to school because of the fear na ipatawag sya because news is circulating in school that the head teacher is locating the student who posted that in Facebook. In short, he feels intimated and does not want to join school activities anymore.

    1. JD says

      Ms. Mith, I am a professional educator and though I sympathize with you on this case, I also want to add that this must serve as a very good lesson to you and your child. For your part, it is your responsibility as a parent to monitor what he posts for he is but a child who will post whatever comes to mind without thinking of the consequences. As for your child, this will serve as a good reminder that we need to think before we post / speak and to choose our words wisely, for without intending to, he had cause an opportunity for the students to condemn the school canteen.

      *For the school, I believe that they are overreacting with regards to the the dark coins for as what you have mentioned, they can easily exchange it to BSP.

      I hope you and other parents do not easily condemn the school actions and for once, TAKE NOTE AND ANALYZE THE ACTIONS OF YOUR CHILDREN FIRST.

  16. Perflexed says

    from the contexts of the law, it is clear that any form of abusive or violent physical punishment or any form is not allowed to protect the child. The teacher, acting ‘in loco parentis’, Can he use some form of physical punishment that is not violent and abusive and be allowed to discipline the child ( e.g.spanking ). “Spare the rod, you spoil the child.” This is specially true in cases of children who have neglectful parents or whose parents have no care for their children.
    How can a teacher be protected against abusive children or students, too? Students,today , also bully their teachers!

    1. Atty. Marricar Runez says

      Spanking is definitely not allowed. The most that a teacher can do is to reprimand the erring child in private. Emphasize the effects of his bad behavior and his wrongful acts and most importantly end the conversation by asking the child’s commitment not to commit the same mistake or behave inappropriately again in the future. As much as possible, make him put his commitment into writing and furnish a copy to his parents. Also make sure to make an Incident Report of what had happened including the actions that you have taken and also give a copy of this report to the parents.

      As to the second question, teachers may file a letter complaint with the school head or the Prefect of Discipline. However, it should be noted that the school must have a written student handbook where all the student violations and their corresponding sanctions should be contained and these rules must be included during the parent and student orientation conducted at the beginning of the school year. Moreover, if the case committed by the student also qualifies as a criminal case under the Revised Penal Code or other Special Penal Laws, a case may be filed by the teacher with the Women and Children’s Desk of their respective Police Offices. If the student is a minor which is most likely the case, the authorities will have to check on whether he acted with or without discernment in order to proceed accordingly.

      Hope this helps.

    2. christine sombilon says

      thats true, napa ka unfair ng law na ito s mga guro…MGA STUDENTS NGAYON AY OK LANG MG BULLY S GURO, PERO KNG SILA ANG BULLIHIN O SAWAYIN O DISIPLINAHIN NG GURO…AYON MASAMA N SI MAAM!!! Kaya maraming mga bata ang brat ngayon at mga magulang na ang kanilang kakulangan s pgdidisiplina s mga anak nila ay ibabagsak ANG SISI s guro na kesyo mimalatrato na ang anak nila pero silang mga magulang ay kulang s pgdidisiplina mismo s mga anak nila…ang mga guro ay tao rin at my limitations .. ngbibigay ng wastong pagtuturo at disiplina s mga anak nila…tingnan nga natin ang reality ng society natin… mga bata ang offender.see kung wastong pgdidisiplina ang naranasan nila seguro hindi sila aabot s landas ng kawalan…

  17. marivic zamora says

    gud morning po..ask ko lang po kung pwedeng pauwiin ang isang private student pag di naka PE uniform? at kung may DEPED memo po ba about dto..slamat

    1. Atty. Marricar Runez says

      Hi Ms. Zamora!

      There is no DepEd memorandum specifically pertaining to the wearing of PE uniforms. In fact, in public schools, uniforms are not compulsory if the parent could not really afford to buy one.

      Since your concern is with a private school, the best thing that the school can do is to formulate a clear policy on the wearing of PE uniforms. Once you have the written policy, make sure that all students including their parents are oriented or are given copies of this policy. The policy should also contain the sanctions that will be imposed if the student violates this rule including the non-entry to the school for example. Only after the student and the parent are oriented on the policy and the corresponding sanctions for violation can you implement the same.

      Hope this answers your question.

  18. Marley says

    Ask ko lang Po ang anak na punish Sa teacher Nya ng 500 pumps kasi he stand up in the chair kasi nakalagay Sa white board ng classroom Nila don’t leave the classroom spotless he stand in the chair kasi nakita Nya marami papel & cards .. Now my son suffering , struggling to walk … Ano ang gagawin ko

  19. salie says

    ask lang po. is it a valid disciplinary action of the school-teacher-co.student na pa squat ung bata na late sa flag ceremony?

  20. Baby says

    Ask ko lang po ano po ba ang legal rights ko bilang mommy ng special child n pinapasok ko po ang anak ko sa private school alam po ng school at management na special child ang anak ko at may sinubmit pa ko sa knila assessment form ng anak ko tinanggap po sya ng school bilang grade 1 at pinayagan kmi ng prestihiyosong school nila na mkapasok ang anak ko last june mabait ang anak ko khit special child sya at dahil delayed ang memory nya di nya nakayanan ang mga advance n turo sa school na yun. Then all of a sudden nagulat kami mga parents biglang lumitaw ang tunay na may-ari pala ng school at naiba ang management kinausap ako kasama ng mga iba pa may PWD case na di na raw kami pwede sa prestihiyosong school nila at hinikayat nila kaming mag homeschool na lng ang mga anak namin. Di po ba discrimination po yun? Sobrang sama po sa pakiramdam bilang ina ng may special child na parang dini deprived ng school na ito na pumasok at matuto ang anak ko.Sana po matulungan ninyo ako sa usaping ito. Salamat po!

    1. Anna Maria N. Cabantog says

      Isa din po akong ina na may anak na may “Learning Disability”, isa sa mga uri ng mga PWDs (Persons with Disability). Noong una, di ko matanngap ang kapansanan ng anak ko at patuloy ko pa rin syang pinaaral sa isang pribadong paaralan, ngunit sa apat n taon nyang pag-aaral wala akong nakitang pag-uunlad sa kanyang pag-aaral. Hangga’t isang araw may nakapagpayo sa akin na ipa-assess sya sa isang Developmental Doctor,at sa kanya ko nalaman at ako’y naliwanagan na ang aking anak nga ay may Learning Disability (LD). Masakit na katotohanan ngunit kailangang taggapin,at walang ibang tatanggap kundi kmi na pamilya nya. Kaya sinunod namin ang payo ng doctor na doon sya paaaralin sa isang Special Education School kung saan doon nag-aaral ang mga batang may iba’t-ibang kapansanan. Simula noon, napanatag na ang kalooban namin at naging masaya na rin ang anak ko sa piling ng kapwa nya n may mga kapansanan din. Sa awa ng Diyos at sa tulong ng mga guro don, nilagay na ang anak ko sa mga “regular’ na mag-aaral, kahit nasa Grade 3 pa lamang sya at nasa 13 gulang na, di ako nababahala at nag-aalala dahil alam kong kahit papano ay may natututunan din ang anak ko. Nais ko pong sabihin sa inyo na masakit tanggapin ang mga panlalait na yan ngunit wag na lang po natin silang pansinin,imbes ilagay po natin ang ating mga anak sa tamang lugar kung saan sila ay natatanggap at naiintindihan. Salamat po.

  21. Salman says

    Ano dapat gawin na action kapag pinalo ng stick ng teacher s private school ang isang grade 4 pupil sa mukha at itoy ngmarka (namula at nmaga) dahil lang sa hindi nakamemorize ang isang mahinang bata ( mahina mgmemorize). At hindi lng un pati ang ibang pupil pinapalo dn nya kahit sa likod.

  22. Eden Grunert says

    Dapat po bang sa ktang ng isang teacher ang kanya ng Studyate dahil may Personal na galit sya sa magulang nito??

  23. entz says

    Anu po ba ang magandang gawin kung ang isang lalaking guro ay nanuntok at nanampal ng limang beses sa isang grade 9 na mag aaral?

  24. entz says

    Anu po ba ang pwedeng gawin sa guro na sinuntok at sumampal ng limang beses sa isang batang lalaki dahil lamang sa nasabi ng bata ang kanyang pangalan habang nag spelling sa english subject nila. At nagkataon na dumaan lamang sa classroom ang lalaking guro.

    1. Mark Llego says

      For comments, suggestions, queries and further information, contact our Action Center.

      DepEd Action Center

      DepEd Complex, Meralco Ave., Pasig City, Metro Manila
      (02) 636 1663 | 633 1942 | (+63) 919 456 0027
      [email protected]

  25. Kiko says

    Pwedi po bang batuhin ng rubix cube ng teacher ang kanyang students? First day nya palang kasi may binato na siya samin.

  26. zandra says

    ano pong pwedeng gawin sa teacher na nanisi at namahiya ng student ng walang possible facts or evidence at pinagalitan pa po nung teacher na yun yung bata ni hindi niya man lang po ikinunsulta sa guidance bago siya nagreact at nagpahiya ng bata sa harap po ng klase, kinapkapan din po nila yung bata, tinanong ko po yung isang classmate ng bata ang sabi nung batang tinanong ko nantitrip lang daw po yung batang nagsabi na ninakawan siya, ano pong pwedeng gawing act dun sa pamamahiya at paninisi na ginawa ng teacher

    1. minda reyes pernito says

      Mg tatAnong po ako patungkol po sa problema nmin ng anak ko grade 8 po cia.una po kasi pagkauwi ng tanhhali ng anak ko ng ku kwento cia na c amber na kanyang pinsan ay pinahiya ng teacher at ng iiyak ito.dahil sa maling pg papa amin ng guro sa kanya gayong wla nman itong nasabi na patungkol sa guro nato.nasabi ng anak ko ito sakin.ang sabi ko nman dapat na malamn ng magulang ni amber ang nangyari at ako mismo ang ngsabi sa ama ni amber bukod dto ay kadugo ko clang mag ama.pinuntahan ng ama ni amber ang teacher at hinihingi nia ang paliwanag nito sa pgpapahiya sa knyang anak .hbang ng uusap cla ay pinatawag naman ng isang teacher ang anak ko at tinatanong tungkol dun.kaya tukoy nla na anak ko ang ng dahilan kya ngpunta ang ama ni amber dahil un po ang sinabi na ako nga po ang pag uusap naman po ng ama ni amber at ng guro na ito ay ng kaayos nman cla.dto nman po sa panig ng anak ko cinisisi nla sinabihan pa cia na kutatera .umiiyak cia ng umuwi sa bhay.inalam ko po katulad kong ina ay nagalit po ako at pumunta din akong school at dun akoy nag sisigaw sa kanila na ako ang pagsalitaan nila at wag ang anak ko gayong inamin ko sa kanila na ako ang nagbanggit sa ama ni amber kaya ito ngayon po nag aalala anak ko na pag iinitan cia sa lunes ng dahil sa ginawa kong pag iiskandalo ko sa mga taecher ung pg sisigaw kopo na ako ang pagsalitaan nla at wag ang anak ko dahil kinakaya nla ang mga bata .ito po pinag aalala ng aking anak sa pagpasok nia sa lunes at totoong ugali na ng guro na ito ang manghiya ng studyante.ano po ba ang nararapat na hakbang o gawin sa problemang ito.marami pong salamat sa inyo.


        WALA KAPONG KARAPATAN NA MAGISKANDALO SA SCHOOL AT MAGWALA DAHIL LANG SA ISSUE NG ANAK MO. The Teachers can file ORAL DEFAMATION AGAINST YOU! at baka makulong Kapa. You can talk to the teachers properly. O kung gusto mo magrequest ka na ilipat ang anak mo sa ibang section. Hindi ka dapat sumisigaw at nag-iiskandalo para lang mangatwiran para sa anak mo. Nadadaaan ang lahat ng bagay sa magandang USAPAN, Mag-aral ka muna ng batas bago ka gumawa ng action. and take appropriate legal advice.

  27. Marie says

    Ask ko Lang po Kung ano ang legal at right actions para sa grade 1 child na 6years old na hinihipuan ng kapwa nia classmate pero ang age ay 14 years old na. Actually dalawang batang babae na magpinsanan pa ang hinipuan nun 14 years old na yun. Hindi Kasi satisfied yun parents ng mga batang babae s actions na ginawa ng adviser ng class. Please reply as soon as possible, I’m the home room president in our school and the parents needs assurance and legal action regarding this matter. Thank you in advance, God speed!

  28. Peach says

    Ask ko lang po pag po nawala personal belongings ng isang elementary grade 2student specific like Bag & lahat ng nya gamit sa school. Nag report un sumusundo pero hindi nag response ang security ng school even advicer teacher. Ano po puede ko gawin as parent. To complain.meron po security protection kz sa loob po ng school nawala.napabayaan din kz di sila nag bigay mg assistance para naturingan ang bata maghanap ng nawawala gamit

  29. Carmela Cruz Loyola says

    Hello Maam / Sir,
    Ask ko po kung normal ba sa school na pag bayarin mthly pag gamit ng aircon at mga cleaning materials kasama ang zonrox downy at powder, isa akong OFW na ina ng 4y/o kasalukuyan sa pangangalaga ng aking mother in law,, wla nmn ako magawa para matugunan ang mga katanungan ko, dhil nsa malayo ako, nka enroll ang anak ko sa 127 Sto. Niño de Lebelle Academy, Inc. Belvedere Towne I Subd.Paradahan. taga west filinvest po kmi sa Woodville subdivision..
    salamat ng marami sana po matugunan nyo ang aking mga tanong

  30. Ruzzell Paran Dela Cruz says

    Ask ko lang po pano po kapag masyado nang mahigpit ang guro sa loob ng paaralan at marami na pong nagrereklamo sa kanya na mga estudyante…???

  31. shanly says

    Ask lng po kng ano violation school kpag tyinismis mismo school owner ang tungkol sa pamilya ng bata at nahhiya cla mula nung nalaman na ng teacher at malamang nrin na malaman nyun nyun buong faculty at ng iba yng issue ng pamilya nya. Nagkatroma ang bata at ayaw ng pumasok at bumama nrin self steem nla dhil nsa isip nla ang iisipin ng mga tao sa knila. Sna po ay mapansin ang tanong k. Tnx po sa sagot

  32. Rouel says

    I would like to know if these policies apply to the college level as well. I haven’t seen a discussion nor a memorandum similar to what the DepEd has released.

    1. Rose says

      It says “includes pupils or students who may be 18 years of age or older but are in school” I guess these policies can be applied too in college level.