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Disaster Readiness and Risk Reduction Most Essential Learning Competencies (MELCs)

Disaster Readiness and Risk Reduction Senior High School (SHS) Core Subject for Grades 11 and 12 Most Essential Learning Competencies (MELCs) for School Year 2022-2023.

Disaster Readiness and Risk Reduction Most Essential Learning Competencies (MELCs)

QuarterContent StandardPerformance StandardMost Essential Learning CompetenciesDurationK to 12 CG Code
1st1. Concept of disaster

2. Concept of disaster risk

3. Nature of disasters

4. Effects of disasters
The learners relate the concept of disaster with daily life.Explain the meaning of disasterWeek 1DRR11/12-Ia-b-1
Differentiate the risk factors underlying disastersWeek 1DRR11/12-Ia-b-2
Describe the effects of disasters on one's life
Week 2DRR11/12-Ia-b-3
Analyze disaster from the different perspectives (physical, psychological, socio-cultural, economic, political, and biological).Week 2DRR11/12-Ia-b-6
Various elements that may be exposed to hazards:

1. Physical

2. Social

3. Economic

4. Environmental Vulnerability of each exposed element.
The learners conduct hazard hunts of exposed elements and propose corresponding corrective actions for one's preparedness.
Explain the meaning of vulnerabilityWeek 3DRR11/12-Ic-8
Explain why certain sectors of society are more vulnerable to disaster than othersWeek 3DRR11/12-Ic-9
Recognize vulnerabilities of different elements exposed to specific hazards
Week 4DRR11/12-Id-12
Differentiate among hazards, exposure, and vulnerabilities and explain the relationship of the three to disaster risk
Week 4DRR11/12-Id-13
1. Concept of hazard

2. Types of hazards

3. The impact of various hazards
The learners relate various types of hazard with a specific area for one's preparedness.
Define and cite examples of the types of hazardsWeek 5
Explain the impact of various hazards on people and the environmentWeek 5DRR11/12-Ie-16
Potential earthquake hazards:

1. Ground shaking

2. Ground rupture

3. Liquefaction

4. Earthquake-induced ground subsidence

5. Tsunami

6. Earthquake-induced landslide
The learners develop a family emergency preparedness plan to guide them on what to do before, during, and after an earthquake.
Identify various potential earthquake hazards
Week 6DRR11/12-If-g-17
Recognize the natural signs of an impending tsunami;
Week 6DRR11/12-If-g-18
Analyze the effects of the different earthquake hazards
Week 6DRR11/12-If-g-19
Interpret different earthquake hazard maps;Week 7DRR11/12-If-g-20
Signs of impending volcanic eruptions Potential volcano-related hazards:

1. Lahar

2. Ash fall

3. Pyroclastic flow

4. Ballistic Projectile

5. Volcanic Glasses

6. Lava flow
The learners develop a family emergency preparedness plan to guide them on what to do before, during, and after a volcanic eruption.Explain various volcano-related hazards
Week 7DRR11/12-Ih-i-22
Recognize signs of an impending volcanic eruptionWeek 8DRR11/12-Ih-i-24
Interpret different volcano hazard maps;
Week 8DRR11/12-Ih-i-25
2ndRelated geological hazards

1. Rainfall-induced landslide

2. Sinkhole
The learners develop a family emergency preparedness plan to guide them on what to do before, during, and after the occurrence of events that cause geological hazards.
Discuss the different geological Week 1 hazardsWeek 1DRR11/12-IIa-b-27
Analyze the causes of geological hazards
Week 1DRR11/12-IIa-b-28
Recognize signs of impending geological hazards;Week 1DRR11/12-IIa-b-29
Interpret geological mapWeek 2DRR11/12-IIa-b-30
Apply mitigation strategies to prevent loss of lives and propertiesWeek 2DRR11/12-IIa-b-31
Potential hydrometeorological hazards:

1. Typhoon

2. Thunderstorm

3. Flashflood

4. Flood

5. Stormsurge

6. El Nino

7. La Nina
The learners develop a family emergency preparedness plan to guide them on what to do before, during, and after the occurrence of events that cause hydrometeorological hazards.Recognize signs of impending hydrometeorological hazardsWeek 3DRR11/12-IIc-d-33
Interpret different hydrometeorological hazard mapsWeek 3DRR11/12-IIc-d-35
Use available tools for monitoring hydrometeorological hazardsWeek 3DRR11/12-IIc-d-36
Fire hazards and related concepts:

1. Fire triangle

2. Causes of fires

3. Phases of a fire emergency
The learners develop a family emergency preparedness plan to guide them on what to do before, during, and after a fire incident.
Recognize elements of the fire triangle in different situationsWeek 4DRR11/12-IIe-f-37
Analyze the different causes of firesWeek 4DRR11/12-IIe-f-38
Observe precautionary measures and proper procedures in addressing a fire incident
Week 4DRR11/12-IIe-f-39
Apply basic response procedures during a fire incident
Week 5DRR11/12-IIe-f-40
Follow fire emergency and evacuation plans;
Week 5DRR11/12-IIe-f-41
Disaster risk reduction:

1. Concept of DRR

2. Importance of DRR

3. Key Principles
The learners are able to develop a community emergency preparedness plan and community disaster preparedness plan to minimize vulnerability and disaster risk in the community and avoid or limit adverse impacts of hazards.Discuss the key concepts, principles, and elements of DRR
Week 6DRR11/12-IIg-h-42
Recognize the importance of DRR on one's life
Week 6DRR11/12-IIg-h-43
Community-based disaster risk reduction and management for preparedness

1. Emergency Plan

2. Monitoring and Evaluation

3. Early Warning Systems

4. Survival Kits and materials
The learners practice and develop proficiency in executing emergency response protocols/ procedures through safety drills.
Discuss different communitybased practices for managing disaster risk to specific hazards
Week 7DRR11/12-IIg-h-44
Develop a community preparedness plan;
Week 7DRR11/12-IIg-h-45
Prepare survival kits and materials for one's family and for public information and advocacy
Week 8DRR11/12-IIg-h-46
Policies of DRRM -The Philippine DRRM Law RA 10121 and its Implementing Rules and RegulationsExplain DRR-related laws and policiesWeek 8DRR11/12-IIi-j-47

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