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Implementation of the School-Based Feeding Program for School Year 2016-2017

June 29, 2016

DepEd Order No. 51, s. 2016



Bureau Directors
Regional Directors
Schools Division Superintendents
Public Elementary School Heads
All Others Concerned

1. The Department of Education (DepEd), through the School Health Division-Bureau of Learner Support Services (SHD-BLSS), shall implement the School-Based Feeding Program (SBFP) for School Year (SY) 2016-2017 to address undernutrition and shortterm hunger among public school children. The Operational Guidelines for School-Based Feeding Program (SBFP) for SY 2016-2017 are enclosed for reference.

2. SBFP will cover an estimate of 533,425 severely wasted (SW) and 1,385,039 wasted (W) from Kindergarten to Grade 6. The program primarily aims to improve the nutritional status of the beneficiaries by at least 70% at the end of 120 feeding days. Secondarily, it aims to increase classroom attendance by 85% and improve the children’s health and nutritional values and behavior.

3. School heads (SHs) are expected to monitor the feeding activities and program implementation on a daily basis. The Schools Division Technical Working Group (SDTWG) is expected to monitor the school compliance with the guidelines, procurement process, health and nutritional assessment, and the conduct of complementary activities, such as deworming, food production, waste segregation and composting, and integration of good grooming and personal hygiene. The Regional Technical Working Group (RTWG) is expected to monitor the activities of the schools division offices, such as the timely release of funds to the SHs, progress of implementation, liquidation of funds, and submission of reports.

4. All schools shall establish and maintain the Gulayan sa Paaralan Program (GPP) as a source of ingredients for the SBFP and shall encourage the families of the beneficiaries to have their own home gardens so that nutritional improvement is maintained at home. The school GPP coordinator shall coordinate with their local agriculture officials to provide training and seedlings for their home gardens.

5. The schools implementing the SBFP are required to submit a terminal report through the heads of the RTWG and SDTWG to School Health Division-Bureau of Learner Support Services (SHD-BLSS), Department of Education (DepEd) Central Office, DepEd Complex, Meralco Avenue, Pasig City.

6. All regional directors, schools division superintendents, and SHs are enjoined to extend full support to the SBFP.

7. Immediate dissemination of and strict compliance with Order is directed


DOWNLOAD: DO 51, s. 2016 – Implementation of the School-Based Feeding Program for School Year 2016-2017


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(Enclosure to DepEd Order No. 51, s. 2016)

SCHOOL-BASED FEEDING PROGRAM (SBFP) Operational Guidelines SY 2016-2017

Table of Contents

I. Rationale

II. Scope and Coverage

A. Priority Target Beneficiaries and Schools

B. Duration

III. Definition of Terms

IV. Policy Statement

V. Procedures

A. Budget Allocation per Region

B. Suggested Feeding Models/Modalities

C. Eligible Activities

1. Nutritional Assessment and Identification of Beneficiaries

2. Creation of SBFP Core Group

3. Orientation of Program Implemented

4. Commodities

5. Procurement and Delivery

a For DepEd-funded SBFP schools b, For SBFP schools covered by partners

6. Feeding Proper

a. Mechanics

b. Adherence to Food Safety

7. Storage and Control System

8. Awards and Incentives

a. Granting of Service Credits to Teachers

b. Search for Outstanding School Implemented of SBFP

9. Complementary Activities

a. Deworming

b. Good Grooming and Personal Hygiene

c. Integration of the Essential Health Care Program (EHCP)

d. Gulayan sa Paaralan Program (GPP)

e. Waste Segregation and Composting

f. Productivity, Life and Values Development Training

D. Procedure for Fund Availment/Release

E. Roles and Responsibilities

F. Partnership-Building and Creation of Local Alliance

1. Value of Partnership-Building

2. Partnership Arrangement

a. Identification of Potential Partners for SBFP

b. Convening the Planning Meeting

c. Special Cases

d. Partnership Building Guide

3. Coordination Mechanism

a. Coordination Meeting

b. Roles and Responsibilities in the Coordination Process c Resolving Partnership Issues/ Conflicts

d. Planning for Sustainability

VI. Program Monitoring and Evaluation

A. Monitoring Activities

B. Submission of Reports

1. Report on SBFP coverage and start of feeding

2. Terminal Report

C. Program Evaluation

VII. Penalty Clause

VIII. References

Department of Education Operational Guidelines on the Implementation of SBFP for SY 2016-2017

I. Rationale

School Feeding Programs are considered to be a sound investment in education. There is evidence that school feeding programs increase school enrollment (Ahmed 2004; Gelli, Meir, and Espejo 2007), cognition (Whaley et al. 2003; Kristjansson et al. 2007; Jukes et al. 2008) and educational achievement (Tan, Lane, and Lassibille 1999; Ahmed 2004; Adelman et.al. 2008), particularly if supported by complementary actions such as dewormtng and micronutrient fortification or supplementation (Simeon, Grantham-McGregor, and Wong 1995; van Stuijvenberg et.al. 1999; Jukes et.al. 2002).1

In the past six (6) years, the Department of Education (DepEd) through the Bureau of Learner Support Services (BLSS) School Health Division (SHD) has done policy improvements to make sure that the feeding program meets its objectives. Annual program evaluation indicates that 73% of the undernourished student beneficiaries convert to normal nutrition status at the end of 120 feeding days. School attendance was also noted to have improved and is averaging at 98%. The children were observed to have better class participation and exhibit positive health habits such as washing of hands before and after eating, tooth brushing, and general good grooming behavior These findings were affirmed by the result of the impact study done by the Philippine Institute of Developmental Studies (PIDS) in 2015.2

The process evaluation research done by PIDS also on the same year indicate that the School-Based Feeding Program (SBFP) is a “well managed program”. School heads and other school personnel were oriented before the program started. Parents of beneficiaries were included as participants of the orientation and committed their services for program implementation. Financial processes including procurement and auditing procedures were thoroughly discussed and monitored by the core TWG at all levels. A good feedback mechanism was established using the supervisory structures of the Region and Division Offices. Division accountants assisted school heads in complying with procurement requirements and in preparing liquidation reports and consulted with staff of the Commission on Audit regarding problems encount ered by the SBFP implementers.

The SBFP appeared to work best when complemented with other School Health Program such as deworming, micronutrient supplementation, Gulayan sa Paaralan Program (GPP), and Water, Sanitation, and Hygiene (WASH) in Schools Program. School Heads underscore the importance of these programs to ensure that children are ready to learn and thrive in a healthy school environment that allows them to develop health promoting habits and behaviors for a healthier future generation.

In SY 2016-2017, DepEd will continue to implement the DepEd-funded SBFP in accordance with the General Appropriations Act (GAA) of 2016 under the Republic Act (RA) 10651, and will cover severely wasted (SW) and wasted (W) learners in Public Elementary Schools.

II. Scope and Coverage

A. Priority Target Beneficiaries and Schools

The priority target beneficiaries for SBFP shall be the SW and W Kinder to Grade 6 students of SY 2016 – 2017. Target beneficiaries based on the July 2016 Baseline Nutritional Assessment.

In case the actual number of target beneficiaries is greater than the allocation, schools shall take the responsibility of feeding the identified SW and W students through Canteen funds or through collaboration with the Local Government Units (LGUs), Non-Government Organizations (NGOs), Civil Society Organizations (CSOs), Parent-Teacher Associations (PTAs), and other stakeholders.

B. Duration

To achieve a significant impact on the nutritional status of children, the feeding shall be done for 120 days. Feeding should commence in July 2016 and continue until the completion of 120 days. In case of delays, the start of feeding activity should not be later than September 2016.

III. Definition of Terms

Undernutrition – State or a health condition resulting from the consumption of inadequate quantity of food over an extended period of time. It is manifested by being underweight, stunting or growth retardation, and in severe cases, clinical signs of marasmus or kwashiorkor. (UNICEF)

Short-term hunger – A condition experienced by children who do not eat breakfast and walk long distances to reach school. (WFP)

Nutritional Assessment – The appraisal of available information to provide a description of existing nutritional situation or nutritional status. (FNRI)

Nutritional Status – The condition of the body resulting from the intake, absorption, and utilization of food Clinical examinations, biochemical analyses, anthropometric measurements, and dietary studies are used singly or in combination to determine this condition. (FNRI)

Body Mass Index (BMI) – An indicator of nutritional status expressed as body weight in kilograms divided by the square of the height in meters. It provides a measure of body mass, ranging from thinness to obesity. (WHO)

Weight-for-Age – The simplest and most common indicator for the assessment of growth. It compares the weight of an individual to a standard or reference weight-for-age. This indicator is useful for rapid screening because it combines acute and chronic malnutrition. (WHO)

Wasting or Thinness – A condition where the child’s weight is lower than that of a normal child of the same height (WHO)

Wasted – A thin child whose BMI-for-age fall between -2 to -3 z-score line. (WHO)

Severely Wasted – A very thin child whose BMI-for-age is below -3 z-score line or Standard Deviation (SD). (WHO)

Obese – A child with a condition of being or severely overweight or weight-for-length/height (UPLB-CHE, Institute of Human Nutrition and Food)

Overweight – A child weighing too much for his/her lenght/height or weight-for-leght/height (UPLB-CHE, Institute of Human Nutrition and Food)

Normal – A child whose weight/height-for-age fall between -2 to +2 z-score line (WHO).

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