|Lesson Title||Time Frame||Prepared by:|
|Types of Sentences According to Use||45 minutes||Roselyn Mae Lanuzo|
At the end of the lesson the students should be able to:
- Classify sentences according to their uses.
- Construct declarative, interrogative, imperative, and exclamatory sentences.
- Read sentences correctly and clearly with expressions.
- Show teamwork and cooperation through participating in a group activity.
|Different Types of Sentence According to Structure||Grammar and Composition 4 by Prentice Hall|
Proficiency in English 8 by Simeon Tabunda
|Visual Aids, Charts, Flash Cards, Pictures, Name Tags|
A. Learning Activities
|Teacher’s Activity||Student’s Activity|
|“Good Morning Class...”||“Good Morning Ma’am!”|
|“Let us pray first...”||(One Student will lead the Prayer)|
|(Checking of Attendance)||(Students will tell who’s absent for the day)|
|“So how’s your day? Is it good so far?”||“It was great Ma’am!”|
|“That’s good to know. So, are you to discuss our new topic today?’||“Yes Ma’am!”|
|“Okay that’s good, so let’s begin this with a group activity! Are you ready?||“Yes Ma’am!”|
The students will be divided in to four; each group will be given pieces of paper with words written on them. They will be asked to arrange the words in order to make a sentence.
They will come up with the following sentences:
- Philippines is rich in natural resources.
- When did you go visit the white island?
- Please give the certificate.
- I can’t believe it! We won!
“Very nice! I am very pleased you were able to finish the task given to you. Now let’s discuss your answers. Anybody who can tell me what he/she notices with the following sentences?”
|(Students will give their answers)|
“Very good observation! Now, let me introduce you the four types of sentences. Would someone read this sentence for me?”
|(Student will volunteer to read the first sentence: “A declarative sentence states a fact or opinion and ends with a period.)|
|“Thanks. Now, let’s take a look at the sentence that group 1 came up with. This one is a declarative sentence. Could you tell me the reason why it’s classified as declarative?”||(Student answers: Ma’am, because it gives an idea and it states a fact. It also ends with a period)|
|“Very good. Well said. Now, can somebody give me an example of a declarative sentence?”||(Students answer)|
|“Nice answers! Now let’s talk about the second type of sentence. Would someone read the definition written on the board?”||(Student will volunteer to read the first sentence: “An interrogative sentence asks a question and ends with a question mark.)|
|“Nice one and could you give me an example as well?”||(The student will give an example.)|
|“Very good! It’s easy to understand, right? Remember that an interrogative sentence ends with a question mark. The sentence that group 2 came up with is an example of it! Did you get it?”||“Yes, Ma’am!”|
|I also want to remind you that you have to read an interrogative sentence well. You have to sound like you’re really asking a question. Don’t just read it as if it’s a declarative sentence so you won’t be misunderstood when someone listens to you.”||“Yes, Ma’am!”|
|“That is wonderful! So let’s proceed to the next type of sentence which is the imperative sentence. Read the definition, ____________.”||“An imperative sentence expresses a request or gives a command or direction. It also and ends with a period or exclamation mark.”|
|“Thanks. Now, let’s check the sentence that group 3 came up with. It ends with a period but that doesn’t mean it’s a declarative sentence. Can somebody explain the class why?”||(A student volunteers and answers: Ma’am, it’s because the sentence do not state a fact an opinion. It states a request.)|
|“You got it! Perfect! Now, I want you class to give me an example of an imperative sentence that gives an order or direction.”||(students volunteer to give their answers)|
|“Oh! Well done! So, what about an imperative sentence that expresses a request?”||(students volunteer to give their answers)|
|“Oh! I could see that you got a little confused with the imperative sentence but I am glad you were able to get its function. Nice try for those who gave their answers! Now let’s discuss the last type of sentence. Exclamatory sentence. Read the definition, ___________.”||(Student reads: “An exclamatory sentence conveys emotion and ends with an exclamation mark.”)|
|“Thanks. That’s good. Now, I know you’ll find it very easy to understand its function. Can somebody give me an example?”||(students volunteer to give their answers)|
|“Well done, class! Do you have any questions? Any clarifications?”||(students says no)/(students asks questions)|
“Nice. I am pleased with your participation. Now let’s have a short activity before you take the quiz.”
|“Using the pictures shown on the board, I want you to form different types of sentences according to function.”||(students answer)|
|Picture 1||(student answers: |
1. Declarative: Daniel Padilla is an actor.
2. Interrogative: Is he famous?
3. Imperative: Could you please give me his phone number?
4. Exclamatory: OMG! It’s I saw Daniel Padilla!)
|Picture 2||(student answers: |
1. Declarative: They are asking for directions.
2. Interrogative: Are they lost?
3. Imperative: Would you please tell us how to get there?
4. Exclamatory: Help! We are lost!)
|Picture 3||(student answers: |
1. Declarative: The team won the contest.
2. Interrogative: Did they win the contest?
3. Imperative: Let’s clap our hands for the winning team!
4. Exclamatory: Hurray! We won!)
|Picture 4||(student answers: |
1. Declarative: She reach the mountain top.
2. Interrogative: Did she hike alone?
3. Imperative: Please take me to the mountain top.
4. Exclamatory: At last! I reached the top!)
“Now, class, let’s remember that sentences have four functions. They can be declarative, interrogative, imperative or exclamatory. Can you again tell me the differences of the four?”
“And let us also remember the right punctuations to use when forming a sentence.”
Group Activity: Make a short presentation depicting different situations. Make sure to use all types of sentences.
Group 1: You and your friends are in a concert.
Group 2: You are lost when you meet a group of friends having fun on the road.
Group 3: A famous actress visited your village.
Group 4: Your teacher informed you about your failing marks.
Directions: Read each sentence carefully and identify their function. Write DC if it is declarative, INC if it is interrogative, IMC if it is imperative and EC if it is Exclamatory.
- Samar Island is known for its beautiful caves and water falls.
- Did the organization approve her proposal?
- Isn’t her voice magnificent!
- It’s a baby boy!
- Call the insurance agent, please.
- Watch out for that car!
- What harm did the delay cause?
- Most people do enjoy taking risks.
- Is there anything else that I can get you?
- Keep off the grass.
Write a short narrative about your most unforgettable experience. Use at least 4 declarative, 4 imperative, 4 exclamatory and 4 interrogative sentences.