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Senior High School Manual of Operations Volume One

May 6, 2016

DepEd Memorandum No. 76, s. 2016



Assistant Secretaries
Bureau and Service Directors
Regional Directors
Schools Division Superintendents
Public Secondary School Heads
All Others Concerned

  1. The Department of Education (DepEd) issues the enclosed Senior High School (SHS) Manual of Operations Volume One.
  2. The issuance of this Manual aims to help school heads of SHSs carry out all the necessary preparations before the opening of classes for the School Year (SY) 2016-2017.
  3. The contents of this Manual volume one will serve as guide to school heads of integrated SHSs, school heads who are tapped to help in establishing stand-alone SHSs, and those who are newly hired as SHS principals to ensure that requirements and provisions in schools are ready and complete when SHS Program is implemented this coming SY.
  4. For more information and clarifications, all concerned may contact the School Effectiveness Division (SED), Department of Education (DepEd) Central Office, DepEd Complex, Meralco Avenue, Pasig City at telephone no.: (02) 633-5397 or email at bhrod.sed@deped.gov.ph.
  5. Immediate dissemination of this Memorandum is desired.


Senior High School Manual of Operations Volume One (Preparing for the Opening of SHS Classes)

The goals and importance of Senior High School

Senior High School (SHS) refers to Grades 11 and 12, the last two years of the K to 12 Basic Education Program. In SHS, students are required to go through a core curriculum and subjects under a track of their choice.

The SHS Curriculum, as part of the K to 12 Program, aims to produce graduates who have the following characteristics:

  • Holistically developed;
  • Equipped with 21st century skills (i.e., learning and innovation skills, life and career skills, communication skills, and information media and technology skills); and
  • Prepared for the future, be it in pursuit of higher education or acquisition of middle-level skills, or geared towards employment or entrepreneurship.

A product of consultations among the Department of Education (DepEd), Commission on Higher Education (CHED), Technical Education and Skills Development Authority (TESDA), other government agencies and labor market partners, the SHS curriculum was developed with the learners’ livelihood and further education readiness in mind. It recognizes the learners’ needs, characteristics, and possible choices while also considering the learners’ community, culture, competencies, and career options.

Hence, by establishing an effective SHS, we are ensuring that the learners (1) benefit from an education system suited for the 21st century, (2) are prepared for what they want to be after high school, and (3) are equipped with the knowledge and skills to pursue better lives for themselves, their families, and communities.

Envisioning a successful SHS

SHS is an essential component of the K to 12 Program. Thus, it is difficult to envision a successful SHS without describing the attributes of a successful K to 12 Program.

The K to 12 Program is a transformative vehicle for local and national development. Through the provision of quality education for all, the K to 12 Program intends to develop and harness the skills and competencies of the Filipino youth, leading to the development of self, community, and nation.

The K to 12 Basic Education Program has the following features*:

  1. The inclusion of Kindergarten education as part of basic education;
  2. The use of the learner’s dominant language (mother tongue) as the foundational language of education;
  3. The assurance of child-friendly schools and classrooms that protect learners as they develop into well-rounded, happy, and smart individuals;
  4. Schools that offer programs for all types of learners;
  5. The provision of locally-relevant curriculum concentration areas and student guidance programs that will foster good career decisionmaking and planning among the students;
  6. Provision and utilization of Information and Communications Technology (ICT) as a strategy to improve the access to and quality of education;
  7. The coherence of the learner outcomes with the prevailing Philippine Qualifications Framework (PQF) and the ASEAN Qualifications Reference Framework (AQRF);
  8. The inclusion of Senior High School in the basic education program;
  9. The consistency of the curriculum with international benchmarks for outcomes, content, and pedagogies;
  10. The assurance of college readiness for all secondary school graduates;
  11. The inclusion of Technical-Vocational-Livelihood (TVL) skills development in view of job/industry preparation;
  12. The recognition of student interest and talent as well as community culture in the Sports/Arts and Design tracks of Senior High School;
  13. Learners have access to all Senior High School tracks, with sufficient and diverse human, institutional, and instructional resources;
  14. The DepEd, CHED, TESDA, private schools, industry, and other relevant stakeholders collaborate in planning and implementing K to 12, especially Senior High School;
  15. A clearly articulated and well-executed assessment system for all the levels of education, which should include DepEd and TESDA assessments;
  16. Eighty percent (80%) hiring or business-launching rate within three months of graduation for learners under the Technical-Vocational-Livelihood track;
  17. Continued efforts to improve education outcomes for all Filipinos.

A successful SHS is consistent and aligned with the features stated here.

This is what you, as School Head, should work towards and should use as guide as you gear up for SHS.

Download Senior High School Manual of Operations Volume One (Facebook Group Files)

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Mark Anthony Llego

Mark Anthony Llego, from the Philippines, has significantly influenced the teaching profession by enabling thousands of teachers nationwide to access essential information and exchange ideas. His contributions have enhanced their instructional and supervisory abilities. Moreover, his articles on teaching have reached international audiences and have been featured on highly regarded educational websites in the United States.

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