In accordance with DepEd Memo No. 58, s. 2015 that states the Guidelines on Evacuation Center Coordination and Management, the Department of Education shall provide temporary shelters to evacuees affected by calamity.
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2019 DepEd Guidelines on Schools Used as Evacuation Center
As our continued advocacy for preparedness, resilience and response, it is advised that all schools shall follow the Guidelines on schools used as evacuation center which are stated below.
Post Evacuation Center map with proper information guide and markings.
Designate essential facilities and rooms for evacuees. Gender sensitivity will be observed and practiced including separate facilities for males and for females.
They must be:
a. printed on tarpaulin,
b. written in local dialect
(examples: palikuran para sa lalake/babae, paliguan para sa lalake/babae, labahan, hugasan ng kamay, lutuan, basurahan, silid para sa mag-asawa, pasusuhan para sa mga sanggol atbp…)
c. and posted on proper places
Designate Waste disposal area with proper segregation, (nabubulok at di-nabubulok)
June 10, 2015
DepEd Memorandum No. 58, s. 2015
Guidelines on Evacuation Center Coordination and Management
DISSEMINATION OF DEPED-DSWD-DILG-DOH JOINT MEMORANDUM CIRCULAR NO. 1, S. 2013
Directors of Services, Centers and Heads of Unit
Regional Secretary, ARMM
Schools Division Superintendents
Heads, Public and Private Elementary and Secondary Schools
All Others Concerned
For the information and guidance of all concerned, enclosed is a copy of DepEd [Department of Education] – DSWD [Department of Social Welfare and Development] -DILG [Department of Interior and Local Government] – DOH [Department of Health] Joint Memorandum Circular No. 1 dated May 6, 2013 entitled Guidelines on Evacuation Center Coordination and Management.
Immediate dissemination of this Memorandum is desired.
BR. ARMIN A. LUISTRO FSC
(Enclosure to DepEd Memorandum No. 58, s. 2015)
DEPED-DSWD-DILG-DOH JOINT MEMORANDUM CIRCULAR NO. 1, s. 2013
GUIDELINES ON EVACUATION CENTER COORDINATION AND MANAGEMENT
The Philippines is a disaster prone nation and vulnerable to various natural hazards in the form of typhoons, floods, flashfloods, tidal waves tsunami, armed conflict, landslides, fires and earthquakes. Typhoons and floods usually hits Metro Manila, the provinces of Pangasinan, Northeastern part of Luzon, Isabela, Bicol, Ormoc and other regions namely, regions 2, 3 and 4A and B and other parts of Visayas. Flashfloods occurred several times in Mindanao specifically in the provinces of Agusan del Norte and Sur of CARAGA Region, Davao del Norte and Davao del Sur of Region XI, Bicol of Region V, Maguindanao of ARMM and other parts of the country. Volcanic seismic and eruption hits Zambales, Pampanga and Bicol Region. The country is situated in the circum-Pacific seismic belt, popularly known as the “Pacific Rim of Fire”.
The Philippines has 200 volcanoes, 20 of which are active. It also has active geological fault lines crossing our archipelago, thus, making it prone to earthquake and landslides such as the Cherry Hills Antipolo of Region IV, Guinsaugon in St. Bernard of Region VIII, Compostela Valley of Region XI, and some parts of the country like CAR. There are also armed conflict in Basilan and Maguindanao in ARMM and insurgencies in some parts of the country.
By virtue of Republic Act 7160, also known as the Local Government Code of 1991, the local governments, specifically the provincial governments, are mandated to provide immediate basic relief assistance such as food, clothing, psycho-social support, and emergency shelter to families affected by natural or human- induced. There is a need to immediately move the disaster affected families to safe evacuation centers or safe areas because of the threat of or the actual occurrence of disasters which may cause loss of lives and destruction of properties.
The orderly movement of families to safe evacuation centers and areas (school facilities , multi-purpose centers, health centers, barangay halls, chapels, churches, government buildings tents and bunk houses) is one of the most difficult tasks to undertake and manage when done only during emergencies. Families are oftentimes unwilling to leave their homes for fear of losing their valuables or because they may feel that their security at the alternate location cannot be assured. Suitable means of transportation may also be lacking, .
The safety of the families or population is the primary consideration but the readiness and resources available for the purpose is oftentimes an issue depending on the magnitude of the disaster where there is a need for massive evacuations to ensure .
The entry of the cluster approach in the country started when the Government of the Philippine (GPH) requested for international assistance through a flash appeal following the massive destruction caused by Typhoon “Reming” which heavily affected Bicol Region with a total of 627, 898 families displaced and damaged 588,031 houses in the six provinces of Bicol regions namely, Albay, Camarines Sur, Camarines Norte, Sorsogon, Masbate and Catanduanes.
As a result, the GPH and UN adopted the Cluster Approach in the country by virtue of the National Disaster Coordinating Council (NDCC) Circular No. 05, series of 2007 issued on May 10, 2007. This formally institutionalized the cluster approach in the Philippine Disaster Management System, Designation of Cluster Leads and their Term of Reference at the National, Regional and Provincial level. On January 29, 2008, the then National Disaster Coordinating Council Technical Working Group (NDCC-TWG) presented the approach by the cluster leads and designation of lead government agency counterpart and its members.
On October 6, 2008, pursuant to the pronouncement of the President during the September 19, 2008 meeting of the Task Force on Humanitarian Assistance on IDPs, the NDCC Circular No. 5, s. 2007 and No. 4 s. 2008 was amended through Memorandum No. 12 s. 2008, merging several clusters and designation of lead government agencies. This includes the merging of DSWD lead cluster namely: (1) camp coordination and management, protection and emergency shelter cluster; and, (2) permanent shelter and livelihood cluster.
The aim of the institutionalization of the cluster approach is to ensure a more coherent and effective response by mobilizing partner government agencies, organizations and Non-Government Organizations (NGOs) to respond in a strategic manner across all key sectors with clearly designated lead agencies in support of the existing government coordination during disaster.
Further, on May 27, 2010, RA 10121, better known as the Philippine Disaster Risk Reduction and Management Act of 2010 was signed into law, with the corresponding Implementing Rules and Regulation formulated and published for implementation. Significant features of the new law include the heavy emphasis on risk reduction and disaster preparedness which will empower the disaster and emergency responders and all other actors to proactively undertake measures in reducing the risks and impact of disasters to the communities and vulnerable families.
In line with the above, this guideline is enhanced to adequately fit into the situations where new laws, new kind of hazards and population growth are issues and realities to be considered and where empowerment, capacity building and rights-based principles are basic concerns. This guideline will serve as guide to all the national government agencies members of the National Disaster Risk Reduction and Management Council (NDRRMC) in providing technical assistance to the Local Government Units (LGUs) specifically on the management of evacuation centers and coordination.
With the adoption of the cluster approach in the country and the approval and implementation of RA 10121, there is a need to enhance and update DSWD AO 36, series of 1994 to ensure its relevance to current disaster risk reduction and management practices and standards.