Since the Salary Standardization Law 1 (RA 6758) was enacted, there were clamors to upgrade the entry-level position of government teachers.
The Congress through the Edcom report of 1991 recommended the upgrading of teachers’ position.
Since then, it has been a perennial proposal in both houses of Congress but usually ends up in the archives.
“The state shall assign the highest budgetary priority to education and ensure that teaching will attract and retain its rightful share of the best available talents through adequate remuneration and other means of job satisfaction and fulfillment.”
-Philippine Constitution (Article XIV, Section 5 (5)
Monthly Basic Salary of Public School Teachers in the Philippines
|Master Teacher I||18||31,351||38,085||40,637|
|Master Teacher II||19||33,859||42,009||45,269|
|Master Teacher III||20||36,567||47,037||51,155|
|Master Teacher IV||21||39,493||52,554||57,805|
|Head Teacher I||13||21,436||24,224||25,232|
|Header Teacher II||14||23,044||26,494||27,755|
|Head Teacher III||15||24,887||29,010||30,531|
|Head Teacher IV||16||26,878||31,765||33,584|
|Head Teacher V||17||29,028||34,781||36,942|
|Head Teacher VI||18||31,351||38,085||40,637|
Approximately 60% of licensed teachers in the private schools earn roughly P12,500.00 a month.
DepEd Public School Teachers Compensation and Benefits
The Constitution directs the State to “ensure that teaching will attract and retain its rightful share of the best available talents through adequate remuneration and other means of job satisfaction and fulfillment”.
|Basic Salary||Refer to the Attached Salary Schedule Above||Monthly||DBM NBC No. 546 dated February 24, 2016|
|Personnel Economic Relief Allowance (PERA)||2,000.00||Monthly||DBM NBC No. 2009 -3 dated|
August 18, 2009
|* Representation and Transportation Allowance (RATA)||Refer to the Attached RATA Schedule||Monthly||DBM NBC No. 546, dated January 17, 2013|
|Mid-Year Bonus||One (1) month basic salary||Annually||DBM NBC No. 546 dated February 24, 2016|
|Year-End Bonus||One (1) month basic salary||Annually||DBM NBC No. 2010-1 dated April 28, 2010|
|Productivity Incentive Benefit (PIB)||2,000.00||Annually||DBM Circular Letter Nos. 3-97, 2001-6 and 2002-3 dated January 31, 1997, March 2, 2001 and January 2, 2002|
|Performance-Based Bonus (PBB)||Ranges from 35,000.00 (Highest) to 5,000.00 (Lowest) depending on the performance of each delivery unit||Annually||Executive Order No. 80 s.2012 entitled Directing the Adoption of a Performance Based Incentive System (PBIS) for Gov't Employees|
|Productivity Enhancement Incentive (PEI)||5,000.00||Annually||DBM Budget Circular No. 2013-3 dated November 21, 2013|
|Clothing Allowance||5,000.00||Annually||DBM NBC No. No. 2012-1 dated February 23, 2012|
|Loyalty Pay||10th year: 10,000.00|
15th year: 5,000.00
20th year: 5,000.00
25th year: 5,000.00
30th year: 5,000.00
35th year: 5,000.00
40th year: 5,000.00
|Annually||COA Circular No. 2013-003A s. 2013|
|Step Increment||One (1) Step Increment shall be granted to officials and employees for three (3) years of continuous satisfactory service in the position.||Joint CSC and DBM Circular|
|Anniversary Bonus||3,000.00||15th anniversary of the government agency and every fifth year thereafter.||Administrative Order No. 263 dated March 28, 1996 and DBM National Budget Circular No. 452, dated May 20, 1996|
*Applicable only for Division Chiefs positions and above
“The quality of an education system cannot exceed the quality of its teachers.” – (McKinsey and Co., 2007)
Public school teachers salaries is on average 72% higher in private schools
Average monthly salary of Elementary and High School Teachers
- PhP 19,600 in public schools
- PhP 11,400 in private schools
Wide variation in teacher salaries in private sector
- From a low of PhP6,700 in ARMM to high of PhP14,600 in Region X
Disparity in teacher salaries -public vs private sector
- Highest in ARMM – salaries in public schools 158% higher than that those in private schools
- Lowest in NCR – salaries in public schools 34% higher than that those in private schools
Average monthly salary of Public and Private Elementary & High School Teachers in the Philippines (in pesos)
|Region||DEPED teachers (1)||Private ES/ HS teachers (2)||(1)/ (2)|
|I - Ilocos Region||19,896||8,212||2.42|
|II - Cagayan Valley||20,454||10,181||2.01|
|III - Central Luzon||19,450||10,665||1.82|
|IVA - Calabarzon||19,690||10,451||1.88|
|IVB - Mimaropa||20,300||9,558||2.12|
|V - Bicol Region||19,449||11,584||1.68|
|VI - Western Visayas||19,401||10,423||1.86|
|VII - Central Visayas||19,416||12,148||1.6|
|VIII - Eastern Visayas||19,726||13,100||1.51|
|IX - Western Mindanao||19,542||8,085||2.42|
|X - Northern Mindanao||20,813||14,632||1.42|
|XI - Southern Mindanao||19,326||9,762||1.98|
|XII - Central Mindanao||20,710||9,235||2.24|
DepEd Public School Teacher Indebtedness
What could aggravate the situation of a DepEd teacher in terms of salary is indebtedness.
- The problem of teachers’ debts has remained unresolved for decades
- Generations of education secretaries have been working out various strategies in past administrations
- Problem continues to fester and the debts of teachers is mounting.
- DepEd is looking for measures to address this growing debt bomb and its dangers.
Propensity to borrow
|Type of HH||% of HH with outstanding loans a/|
|with at least 1 DepED teacher||57.9|
|where DepED teacher is sole earner||57.1|
|with at least 1 Private ES/ HS teacher||26.8|
|where teacher is sole earner||18.9|
|with at least 1 other gov't workers||33|
|with at least 1 other private sector worker||22.2|
a/ as indicated by number of HH which are making loan payments
Source of basic data: 2015 Family Income and Expenditure Survey
*Propensity to borrow of households with at least one DepEd teacher is about double that of other types of households
DepEd Secretary Leonor Magtolis Briones Stands on Salary Increase
Am I against salary increases and improving teachers benefits?
Certainly not, because the mandate of the Constitution clearly provides a rationale: it is needed to so that teaching will attract and retain its rightful share of the best available talents, so that the quality of the education of our people is promoted.
But I believe that representatives of our teachers need to dialogue without losing sight of mutual respect.
I wish to remind our teachers that the rights and privileges of teachers that we uphold come with great responsibility.
As stated in the code of ethics of professional teachers, “Teachers are duly licensed professionals who possess dignity and reputation with high moral values as well as technical and professional competence in the practice of their noble profession, and they strictly adhere to, observe, and practice this set of ethical and moral principles, standards, and values.”
Please share your thoughts in the comments below.