General Chemistry 1. Composition, structure, and properties of matter; quantitative principles, kinetics, and energetics of transformations of matter; and fundamental concepts of organic chemistry.
General Chemistry 1 Teaching Guide
As Higher Education Institutions (HEIs) welcome the graduates of the Senior High School program, it is of paramount importance to align Functional Skills set by DepEd with the College Readiness Standards stated by CHED.
The DepEd articulated a set of 21st century skills that should be embedded in the SHS curriculum across various subjects and tracks.
These skills are desired outcomes that K to 12 graduates should possess in order to proceed to either higher education, employment, entrepreneurship, or middle-level skills development.
On the other hand, the Commission declared the College Readiness Standards that consist of the combination of knowledge, skills, and reflective thinking necessary to participate and succeed – without remediation – in entry-level undergraduate courses in college.
The alignment of both standards, shown below, is also presented in this Teaching Guide – prepares Senior High School graduates to the revised college curriculum which will initially be implemented by AY 2018-2019.
Biology I is a Science, Technology, Engineering and Mathematics (STEM) Specialized Subject taken in the first half of Grades 11/12. Learners go on a journey geared toward the deeper understanding and appreciation of life processes at the cellular and molecular levels previously introduced in Grades 7-10. They will also apply basic chemistry and physics principles as they examine the transformation of energy in organisms.
Implementing this course at the senior high school level is subject to numerous challenges with mastery of content among educators tapped to facilitate learning and a lack of resources to deliver the necessary content and develop skills and attitudes in the learners, being foremost among these.
In support of the SHS for SHS framework developed by CHED, these teaching guides were crafted and refined by biologists and biology educators in partnership with educators from focus groups all over the Philippines to provide opportunities to develop the following:
Saysay through meaningful, updated, and context-specific content that highlights important points and common misconceptions so that learners can connect to their real-world experiences and future careers;
Husay through diverse learning experiences that can be implemented in a resource-poor classroom or makeshift laboratory that tap cognitive, affective, and psychomotor domains are accompanied by field-tested teaching tips that aid in facilitating discovery and development of higher-order thinking skills; and
Sarili through flexible and relevant content and performance standards allow learners the freedom to innovate, make their own decisions, and initiate activities to fully develop their academic and personal potential.
These ready-to-use guides are helpful to educators new to either the content or biologists new to the experience of teaching Senior High School due to their enriched content presented as lesson plans or guides. Veteran educators may also add ideas from these guides to their repertoire. The Biology Team hopes that this resource may aid in easing the transition of the different stakeholders into the new curriculum as we move towards the constant improvement of Philippine education.
This Teaching Guide is mapped and aligned to the DepEd SHS Curriculum, designed to be highly usable for teachers. It contains classroom activities and pedagogical notes, and is integrated with innovative pedagogies. All of these elements are presented in the following parts:
- Highlight key concepts and identify the essential questions
- Show the big picture
- Connect and/or review prerequisite knowledge
- Clearly communicate learning competencies and objectives
- Motivate through applications and connections to real-life
- Give local examples and applications
- Engage in a game or movement activity
- Provide a hands-on/laboratory activity
- Connect to a real-life problem
- Give a demonstration/lecture/simulation/hands-on activity
- Show step-by-step solutions to sample problems
- Give applications of the theory
- Connect to a real-life problem if applicable
- Discuss worked-out examples
- Provide easy-medium-hard questions
- Give time for hands-on unguided classroom work and discovery
- Use formative assessment to give feedback
- Provide additional examples and applications
- Introduce extensions or generalisations of concepts
- Engage in reflection questions
- Encourage analysis through higher order thinking prompts
- Supply a diverse question bank for written work and exercises
- Provide alternative formats for student work: written homework, journal, portfolio, group/individual projects, student-directed research project
Download General Chemistry 1: Senior High School SHS Teaching Guide
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