Inquiry-based learning is a student-centered approach to learning that emphasizes critical thinking and problem-solving. In an inquiry-based classroom, students actively ask questions, plan investigations, conduct experiments, analyze data, and draw conclusions. This instruction lets students control their learning and develop a deeper understanding of their studying concepts.
Research has shown that inquiry-based instruction can improve student achievement, motivation, and attitudes towards science. Inquiry-based learning also fosters the development of essential skills such as critical thinking, creativity, and collaboration. If you’re looking for a way to promote active and engaged learning in your classroom, inquiry-based instruction is a great place to start!
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Key Characteristics of Inquiry-Based Learning
The following are key characteristics of inquiry-based learning:
1. It is active, not passive.
Inquiry-based learning is an active process. Students are actively engaged in posing questions, finding information, and making sense of what they find. They are not passively receiving information from a teacher or textbook.
2. It starts with a question, problem, or scenario.
Inquiry-based learning begins with a question, problem, or scenario. This gives students a purpose for their learning and allows them to focus on finding a solution.
3. A teacher or other adult often facilitates it.
A teacher or other adult often facilitates inquiry-based learning. The role of the facilitator is to help students ask good questions, find relevant information, and make sense of what they find.
4. It is often contrasted with conventional education.
Inquiry-based learning often contrasts with conventional education, which relies heavily on passive learning techniques such as lectures. Inquiry-based learning is often seen as a more effective way to learn since it is more active and engaging.
5. It can be used in both formal and informal educational settings.
Inquiry-based learning can be used in both formal and informal educational settings. It is particularly well suited for problem-solving, critical, and creative thinking.
5 Reasons to Use Inquiry-Based Instruction
There are several reasons why inquiry-based instruction may be beneficial for students, including the following:
1. Inquiry-based instruction can help students to develop a deeper understanding of content.
When students are actively involved in asking questions and seeking answers, they are more likely to develop a deeper understanding of the content than if they listen to a lecture or read a textbook. This is because they are actively engaged in making meaning of the material rather than passively receiving information. Additionally, by working together to find answers to questions, students can build on each other’s understanding and create a complete understanding of the content.
2. Inquiry-based instruction can encourage students to be more independent learners.
One of the goals of education is to help students learn how to be independent learners. Inquiry-based instruction can help students develop this skill by encouraging them to take charge of their learning. When students are used to asking questions and seeking answers independently, they will be more likely to do this outside the classroom.
3. Inquiry-based instruction can help students to develop critical thinking skills.
Inquiry-based instruction requires students to think critically about the information they are learning. They must evaluate evidence, consider different perspectives, and make reasoned arguments. These are all crucial skills that will help students in their future studies and careers.
4. Inquiry-based instruction can help students to learn how to work cooperatively.
Inquiry-based instruction often requires students to work together to find answers to questions. This can help students to develop necessary teamwork skills, as well as communication and negotiation skills. These skills will be beneficial in both their academic and professional lives.
5. Inquiry-based instruction can be more engaging for students.
Inquiry-based instruction is often more engaging for students than traditional instruction. This is because it is active rather than passive and allows students to be more involved in their learning. Additionally, inquiry-based instruction can make learning more relevant to students by allowing them to explore topics they are interested in.
While inquiry-based instruction has many benefits, it is essential to note that it is inappropriate for all situations. In some cases, traditional instruction may be more effective. However, inquiry-based instruction can be a valuable tool for educators to help students learn more effectively.
HOW TO CITE THIS ARTICLE
Llego, M. A. (2022, September 16). Inquiry-Based Learning: What It Is and Why You Should Use It. TeacherPH. Retrieved September 16, 2022 from, https://www.teacherph.com/inquiry-based-learning/
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