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How to Help Students Who Struggle With Reading Comprehension

How to Help Students Who Struggle With Reading Comprehension

Reading comprehension is the ability to read and understand texts. It includes understanding the main idea of a text, individual words, and phrases. Reading comprehension can be difficult for students struggling with reading fluency or understanding what they are reading.

Different Types of Reading Comprehension Strategies

Different reading comprehension strategies can help students who struggle with reading comprehension. Some of these strategies include summarizing, questioning, predicting, and visualizing. 

  1. Summarizing involves reading a text and then briefly describing the main points in your own words. 
  2. Questioning asks students to think about what they are reading and to come up with questions about the text. 
  3. Predicting helps students make predictions about what might happen next in a text. 
  4. Visualizing encourages students to create images in their minds as they read, which can help them understand the text better.

Each of these strategies can be helpful for different students in different ways. It is essential to find out which methods work best for each student and help them develop these strategies to become better readers.

Tips for Teachers: How to Help Students Who Struggle with Reading Comprehension

If you are a teacher, there are a few things you can do to help your students who struggle with reading comprehension:

  1. Make sure you understand what your student is struggling with. It’s important to know what specific skills your student needs help with in order to provide the best instruction possible.
  2. Give your student plenty of practice. This can be done through homework assignments, reading passages, and quizzes.
  3. Use different teaching methods. Not all students learn in the same way, so it’s important to use a variety of teaching methods to help your student understand the material.
  4. Provide them with reading materials that are at their level and that they will be interested in.
  5. Teach them the different comprehension strategies and have them practice using them regularly.
  6. Help them build their vocabulary by providing books containing new and challenging words.
  7. Encourage them to read aloud regularly to hear themselves reading and identify areas where they may struggle.
  8. Be patient and positive. It may take some time for your student to improve their reading comprehension skills, but with practice and patience, they will get there. Always be positive and encourage your student along the way.

By following these tips, you can help your struggling reader become a successful one.

How to Help Students Understand What They Read

By using these techniques, students can develop strong reading comprehension skills and better understand what they are reading.

  1. Ask Questions. When students have trouble understanding what they read, it can be helpful to ask questions. It can help them to focus on the text and think about what they are reading. Asking questions can also help to connect the text and the world around them.
  2. Visualize. It can also be helpful for students to visualize what they are reading. It means creating a mental image of the scene or events in the text. Visualizing can help students to understand the story better and remember what they have read.
  3. Summarize. Summarizing is another strategy that can be helpful for students who struggle with reading comprehension. Outlining helps to identify essential information in a text and organize it in a way that makes sense.
  4. Reread and Highlight. Rereading and highlighting can also be helpful. It allows students to go back and read over the essential parts of the text.
  5. Draw Pictures. Drawing pictures can also help students understand a text. Images can provide another way of representing the information in the text.
  6. Create a Concept Map. Creating a concept map is another way of visually representing the information in a text. It can help students to see how different concepts are related to each other.
  7. Use a Graphic Organizer. Using a graphic organizer can also be helpful for students who struggle with reading comprehension. Graphic organizers provide a way for students to organize the information in a text.
  8. Quiz. Quizzing students on the material can also be helpful. It allows you to test their understanding of the text and identify areas where they need to practice.
  9. Get Extra Practice. Getting extra practice with reading comprehension can also be helpful. Consider giving them reading tasks at home.

The Benefits of Practicing Reading Comprehension Skills

There are many benefits to practicing reading comprehension skills. One of the most important is that it helps students better understand what they are reading. It can help them in all subjects, not just English class. 

Comprehension skills help students learn more effectively and remember what they read longer. Additionally, practicing these skills can help students become better readers, which can open up many opportunities for them in the future.

Many websites and apps offer games and activities to help students practice reading comprehension skills. By taking advantage of these resources, students can improve their reading comprehension skills and better prepare themselves for success in school and life.


These things will help students who struggle with reading comprehension become better readers. If you are a parent, you can also help your child at home by doing some things with them. You can read together, talk about the books you are reading, and help them to practice using the different comprehension strategies. The more you can help your child, the better they will be at reading comprehension.

With practice and guidance, they will be able to develop the skills they need to be successful readers.

  1. What techniques do you use to help students struggling with reading comprehension? 
  2. Are there any methods that have worked particularly well for you? 
  3. Do you find that some students are more challenged regarding reading comprehension? 
  4. How do you adjust your teaching methods to meet the needs of each student?
  5. What advice would you give to other teachers struggling with students with difficulty with reading comprehension?

How to Cite this Article

Llego, M. A. (2022, August 28). How to Help Students Who Struggle With Reading Comprehension. TeacherPH. Retrieved August 28, 2022 from, https://www.teacherph.com/students-struggle-reading-comprehension/


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Mark Anthony Llego

Mark Anthony Llego, hailing from the Philippines, has made a profound impact on the teaching profession by enabling thousands of teachers nationwide to access crucial information and engage in meaningful exchanges of ideas. His contributions have significantly enhanced their instructional and supervisory capabilities, elevating the quality of education in the Philippines. Beyond his domestic influence, Mark's insightful articles on teaching have garnered international recognition, being featured on highly respected educational websites in the United States. As an agent of change, he continues to empower teachers, both locally and internationally, to excel in their roles and make a lasting difference in the lives of their students, serving as a shining example of the transformative power of knowledge-sharing and collaboration within the teaching community.

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