Guidelines for Work Immersion (Senior High Schools)
June 5, 2017
DepEd Order No. 30, s. 2017
Guidelines for Work Immersion (Senior High Schools)
Bureau and Service Directors
Schools Division Superintendents
Public and Private Elementary and Secondary Schools Heads
All Others Concerned
- The Department of Education (DepEd) issues the enclosed Guidelines for Work Immersion as basis for the implementation of work immersion in all Senior High Schools (SHSs).
- Work Immersion is a key feature of your SHS Curriculum. It can be conducted in different ways depending on the purposes and needs of learners. Enclosed are the documents pertinent to its implementation.
- These guidelines will take effect starting School Year 2017-2018 for all SHSs.
- These guidelines will remain in force and in effect for the duration of the program, unless sooner repealed, amended, or rescinded. All existing Orders and memoranda that are inconsistent with this Order are hereby rescinded.
- Immediate dissemination of and strict compliance with this Order is directed.
(Sgd)LEONOR MAGTOLIS BRIONES
Enclosure to DepEd Order No. 30, s. 2017
GUIDELINES FOR WORK IMMERSION
SECTION 1: Rationale
One of the goals of the K to 12 Basic Education Program is to develop in learners the competencies, work ethic, and values relevant to pursuing further education and/or joining the world of work. To achieve greater congruence between basic education and the nation’s development targets, Work Immersion, a required subject (See attached curriculum guide in Annex A), has been incorporated into the curriculum. This subject will provide learners with opportunities:
- to become familiar with the work place;
- for employment simulation; and
- to apply their competencies in areas of specialization/applied subjects in authentic work environments.
To achieve the above objectives, Work Immersion is thus a requirement for graduation from secondary education. Learners are immersed in actual work environments such as workshops offices and laboratories in which their prior training is relevant. Other possible venues for work immersion are listed in Annex B.
These guidelines were formulated based on the rich experiences of modeling schools, tech-voc schools, partnership focal persons, industry partners, and youth development advocates. These guidelines can provide process support to field offices of the Department of Education (DepEd) in fostering relationships and strengthening partnerships so that learners will have access to suitable work immersion venues and other related resources.
SECTION 2: Scope
These guidelines shall apply to all Senior High School learners in the following institutions:
- DepEd Senior High Schools
- Private Senior High Schools
- Senior High Schools run by state colleges and universities, and local universities and colleges
- Technical-Vocational Institutions
SECTION 3: Definition of Terms
These Guidelines for Work Immersion will use the following terms and their corresponding definition as spelled out below:
- Partner Institutions are public or private institutions or organizations that are able and willing to lend their expertise and resources; and enter into agreement with any of the DepEd or Non-DepEd offices and/or schools. This enables DepEd to strengthen its capability to offer Senior High School, without monetary requirements from both.
- Memorandum of Agreement is a legally binding document, which spells out the specific terms and conditions between and among parties entering into a partnership to implement a program, project, or any other similar undertaking. It can be entered into at the central, regional, division, or school level. The scope and limitations of the Memorandum of Agreement shall not be contrary to laws, public customs, and moral compasses.
- Partnership refers to the relationship between the partner institution and the school, or any office of DepEd (Central Regional or Division) that responds to the needs of the K to 12 program in general, and Senior High School in particular, which is formalized through a Memorandum of Agreement.
- School Partnership Focal Person is the person authorized to seek partnerships between DepEd and Institutions (Deped Order 40, s. 2015).
- Work Immersion refers to the subject of the Senior High School Curriculum, which involves hands-on experience or work simulation in which learners can apply their competencies and acquired knowledge relevant to their track.
- Work Immersion Partner Institution Supervisor serves as the counterpart of the Work Immersion Teacher and may also be the representative of the partner institution in forging partnership with DepEd schools. This person shall be identified in the MOA.
- Work Immersion Teacher is the school personnel who is assigned to supervise the learners at the Work Immersion Venue in coordination with the Work Immersion Partner Institution Supervisor.
- Workplace Immersion Venue is the place where work immersion is conducted. It shall conform with the law and the rules and regulations on safety, appropriateness for learning, and availability of facilities and equipment, which are issued by the DepEd (DO No. 40 s. 2015), Technical Education and Skills Development Authority (TESDA), Department of Labor and Employment (DOLE), Commission on Higher Education (CHED), and other relevant government agencies. Examples of work immersion venues include offices, factories, shops, and project sites.
SECTION 4: Objectives
Work immersion will help develop among the learners life and career skills, and will prepare them to make decisions on postsecondaiy education or employment. Through partnership building, DepEd hopes that the Partner Institutions will provide learners with work immersion opportunities, workplace or hands-on experience, and additional learning resources. It aims to make the learners:
- appreciate the importance and application of the principles and theories learned in school;
- enhance their technical knowledge and skills;
- enrich their skills in communications and human relations; and
- develop good work habits, attitudes, appreciation and respect for work.
By the time learners reach Senior High School, they would have already acquired almost all the competencies and skills that would prepare them for the curriculum exits (higher education, employment, middle-skills development, and entrepreneurship). Work immersion provides them with an avenue to test themselves and apply what they have learned in a non-school scenario. In work immersion, learners are not only able to apply their previous training but are also able to experience the social interactions in a work environment. Their experiences during work immersion will develop many skills and values that would help them as they transition from high school to real life.
To assure the achievement of the above objectives of Work Immersion, this policy serves to guide schools in:
- creating flexible work immersion arrangements for their learners;
- providing options for work immersion that are relevant to learners’ purposes and needs;
- organizing work immersion opportunities for learners that are consistent with the diverse human resource requirements of partner institutions for work immersion; and
- articulating the scope and limits of work immersion in the context of basic education when building relationships with work immersion partners.
SECTION 5: Principles and Policy Statements
Partnership with Institutions shall be governed and guided by the following principles and policies:
- Work Immersion requires parental consent.
- Partner Institutions and Work Immersion Venues shall be selected only after thorough study, screening and preparation to ensure that each venue is a safe, secure, and suitable place for learning. All applicable safety guidelines of TESDA, DOLE, and the work immersion venue relevant to basic education shall apply.
- Schools may partner with any institution or organization duly registered/recognized by any accrediting government agency. These may include cooperatives, local government units (LGUs), duly registered companies, and non-government organizations (NGOs). Annex B provides suggested institutions for corresponding specializations.
- All Work Immersion agreements at the school level must be covered by a Memorandum of Agreement (MOA) for the security of all parties involved. All MOAs must specify that all parties will conform to these guidelines. All learner activities shall be reflected in the MOA as stipulated in the Prescribed Template for the List of Tasks/Activities to be done during Work Immersion which can be found in Annex C.
- The Memorandum of Agreement (MOA) for Work Immersion must have provisions for the following:
a. creation of a Joint Working Group (JWG), the JWG’s functions and responsibilities, and the responsibilities of each of the partners
b. access to and use of partner institution’s facilities by learners and teachers;
c. provision of supervisors/mentors from the partner institution
d. assurance that the workplace is a conducive and safe learning environment;
e. list of learner activities as stipulated in the prescribed template in Annex C
f. for the Partner Institution to orient the school on the work learners will engage in based on the activities listed in the Prescribed Template for the Immersion Program of Activities
g. insurance for learners in DepEd schools, charged to MOOE (For private high schools, colleges and universities, local universities and colleges, state universities and colleges, and technical and vocational schools, the insurance fee paid by the learners during enrolment shall be utilized for work immersion. Insurance fees may also be included in the voucher.)
h. Work Immersion -related expenses like insurance and transportation allowance may be treated as a donation under DepEd’s Adopt-A-School Program
i. See attached Annex D of this guidelines for sample of MOAs. This does not preclude the parties from adding other provisions which are beneficial to the learners.
6. DepEd, in collaboration with its partners and stakeholders, shall ensure that all schools and venues for learning are conducive to the education and safety of the learners. The safely of the learners is primary. Consequently, the maximum number of hours spent in the work immersion venue is 40 hours per week and no more than eight (8) hours per day as provided for by law, for a child below 18 but older than 15.
7. School Partnerships Focal Persons must be capacitated with networking skills and cultivating connections with possible partner institutions.
8. Although one of the objectives of the Work Immersion is to develop skills that are relevant to the needs of the job market in the area, Work Immersion should not be reduced to a mere recruitment tool of a Partner Institution. While the graduates’ future employment in the industry may be one of the desired outcomes of the partnership, the latter should be designed in such a way that graduates will also acquire other skills and competencies and will qualify for other job options and not be limited to those offered by one Partner Institution.
9. Expenses in securing partnerships, such as the travel expense of the School Partnerships Focal Person and the Immersion Teacher, shall be charged to the school’s local funds or MOOE. Subject to availability of funds, travel expenses of learners to Work Immersion venue will also be charged to MOOE and other funds, the details of which shall be provided in a separate set of Guidelines. Expenses for Immersion Venue rental, utilities, and/or other direct or incidental expenses of the Partner Institution shall not be allowed.
10. Schools and students shall not be asked to pay the SHS Partner Institution for any Work Immersion activity conducted. Fees for Work Immersion must only be set after consultation with parents.
11. The partnerships shall be governed by existing laws and DepEd issuances such as, but not limited to the following:
a. DepEd Order No. 39, s. 2009 on the commercialization of schools, which expressly prohibits the appearance of any form of institutional endorsement by the DepEd for any commercial product or service within the school premises in exchange for any SHS-industiy partnership
b. DepEd Order No. 6, s. 2012, which expressly prohibits all forms and manner of cooperation or partnership with the tobacco industry in all areas of the country
c. DepEd Order No. 40, s. 2012 entitled “Child Protection Policy” (Policy and Guidelines on Protecting Children in School from Abuse, Violence, Exploitation, Discrimination, Bullying and other forms of Abuse)
d. DepEd Order No. 80, s. 2012 entitled “Strengthening the integration of breastfeeding education in the curriculum, setting up and sustaining the operation of lactation stations in compliance with Executive Order No. 51”. School officials are similarly discouraged from partnering with companies manufacturing milk and infant formula products.
e. DepEd Order No. 55, s. 2013, Implementing Rules and Regulations (IRR) of Republic Act No. 10627 Otherwise Known as the Anti-Bullying Act of 2013
f. DepEd Order No. 40, s. 2015 entitled “Guidelines on K to 12 Partnerships” (Policy and Guidelines on Building Partnerships for the K to 12 Program)
g. Republic Act 7877, an Act Declaring Sexual Harassment Unlawful in the Employment, Education or Training Environment, and for Other Purposes
h. The Adopt-A-School Act of 1998 (Republic Act No. 8525) and related DepEd issuances for corporate donations
i. Article 218 and 219 of the Family Code on the special parental authority and responsibility of schools, administrators and teachers
j. The Civil Code, including but not limited to, provisions on Obligations and Contracts and Quasi-Delicts. Article 2176 provides: “Whoever by act or omission causes damage to another, there being fault or negligence, is obliged to pay for the damage done. Such fault or negligence, if there is no pre-existing contractual relation between the parties, is called a quasidelict and is governed by the provisions of this Chapter.” Article 2180 provides in part: “The obligation imposed by article 2176 is demandable not only for one’s own acts or omissions, but also for those persons for whom one is responsible.”)
k. Department of Labor and Employment (DOLE) and Technical Education and Skills Development Authority (TESDA) issuances, whenever applicable
12. The duties and responsibilities of SHS personnel shall be reflected in their Office Performance Commitment Review Form (OPCRF) or Individual Performance Commitment Review Form (IPCRF) for DepEd Schools only.
13. Private Schools and non-DepEd schools may devise a scheme on how to remunerate teachers assigned as School Partnerships Focal Person/Immersion Teacher.
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