When it comes to teaching, there is no one-size-fits-all approach. Some teachers prefer a more student-centered approach, while others prefer a more teacher-centered approach. There is no right or wrong way to teach, but there are ways to make the teacher-centered approach more effective.
The teacher-centered approach is also known as the didactic approach. This approach to learning has been the dominant method of instruction for centuries. It is based on the belief that the teacher is the expert and the source of knowledge. The teacher imparts this knowledge to the students through lectures, textbooks, and other didactic methods. The students are passive recipients of this information and are expected to remember and regurgitate it on exams.
The teacher-centered approach has been critiqued for its lack of engagement and failure to promote deep understanding. Students who are passive learners often do not retain the information they are taught and have difficulty applying it to new situations. In addition, this approach does not encourage critical thinking or creativity.
Despite its drawbacks, the teacher-centered approach is still used in many classrooms. This is due to its efficiency and the fact that it is the approach that most teachers are familiar with. To improve the effectiveness of the teacher-centered approach, teachers can use strategies that promote active learning and engagement.
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Strategies That Promote Active Learning and Engagement
Some of these strategies include:
Using Various Instructional Methods: Although the lecture is the most common method used in the teacher-centered approach, research has shown that students learn more when lectures are supplemented with other activities such as discussions, small-group work, and hands-on activities. Using various instructional methods, teachers can provide students with different ways of understanding and absorbing the material.
Using Technology: Technology can be used to supplement lectures and other activities. For example, PowerPoint presentations can be used to provide visual aids for lectures. Online resources can also be used to provide students with additional information and practice outside of class. By using technology, teachers can make the material more engaging and accessible for students.
Asking Questions: Asking questions is a great way to engage students and get them thinking about the material. Questions can be used to check for understanding, prompt discussion, and encourage critical thinking.
Using Small Groups: Small groups allow students to interact with each other and share their ideas. This is an excellent way for students to discuss the material.
Giving Students a Choice: Giving students a choice in what they learn and how they learn can increase engagement and motivation.
Advantages and Disadvantages of Teacher-Centered Approach
One of the benefits of the teacher-centered approach is that it can be more efficient. In a classroom of 30 students, giving each student the individualized attention they need can be difficult. Having the teacher be the focus allows for a more streamlined learning process.
Another benefit of this approach is that it can be more conducive to discipline. In a student-centered classroom, there can be a lot of chaos and off-task behavior. Having the teacher be the center of attention helps keep students focused and on task.
Of course, there are also some drawbacks to the teacher-centered approach. One of the biggest criticisms is that it can be too restrictive and stifle creativity. When the teacher is the only source of information, it can limit students’ ability to explore and ask questions.
Another downside is that this approach can lead to students feeling like they are not capable of learning on their own. This can be especially true for struggling students who may feel unable to keep up with the classroom pace.
Overall, the teacher-centered approach to learning has its pros and cons. While it can be more efficient and help with discipline, it can also limit creativity and lead to students feeling like they are not capable of learning on their own. Ultimately, it is up to the teacher to decide what approach will work best for their students.
The teacher-centered approach can be an effective way to teach, but it is crucial to ensure that the students are actively involved in the lesson and that the learning environment is conducive to all learning styles. With a little effort, the teacher-centered approach can be a more effective way to teach.
Do you prefer a more student-centered or teacher-centered approach to teaching? What are some ways that you make the teacher-centered approach more effective? Share your thoughts and ideas in the comments below.
HOW TO CITE THIS ARTICLE
Llego, M. A. (2022, September 17). How to Make the Teacher-Centered Approach More Effective. TeacherPH. Retrieved September 17, 2022 from, https://www.teacherph.com/teacher-centered-approach/
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